Demographic & Economic Changesand How They Impact Our Community Presentation by Linda Shipley & Laura Simmons          UNC...
Overview• Demographic changes: 2000-2010• Impacts of the recession: 2005-2010• Issues and opportunities that have emerged ...
Demographic Change• Mecklenburg population 2010: 920,000    – Most populous county in N.C.    – Wake County is a close sec...
Age     • Population is slowly aging          – e.g. 60-64 group up from 3% to 4.4%                          2000         ...
Race/Ethnicity• Racial/ethnic minorities have increased, especially Hispanic  population                         Percent o...
Race/Ethnicity• White (non-Hispanic) population in wedge south of Uptown, in North  Mecklenburg, and along Union County bo...
Family Structure• Married couple families are still most prevalent  but declining, while single parent families and  unmar...
Educational Attainment• Education levels have increased                                            Highest Degree         ...
Educational Attainment• Education levels are higher for non-Hispanic  whites and Asians than African Americans and  Hispan...
Income• More households with high and low incomes and  fewer in the middle                                            Hous...
Income• Incomes are highest for non-Hispanic whites and  lower for minority groups                    Median Household Inc...
Employment   • Construction and manufacturing have declined   • Education & health services, financial     activities, and...
Newcomers• Over 65,000 people moved to Mecklenburg  County between 2009 and 2010    – 65% came from outside North Carolina...
Newcomers• Where are  newcomers moving?  – University City  – Northern and    Southwestern parts    of the county         ...
Development
Unemployment• Unemployment    – More than 3 times what it was in 2000            • 3% in 2000            • 10.9% in 2010  ...
Poverty• Poverty has increased to national average                                     Percent of People in Poverty       ...
Poverty• Poverty is  concentrated in the  crescent around  Uptown stretching  from the southwest  to southeast            ...
Foreclosures• Twice as many foreclosures in 2010 as 2005                            Foreclosures in Mecklenburg County   1...
Public Services• Many struggling  neighborhoods face  additional hardships  because of reductions  in hours and locations ...
Education• After decades of successful integration, CMS  schools have become segregated once again               Source: N...
Education• Student population of CMS has become more  diverse and more economically disadvantaged  – 37% students applied ...
Transportation• Mismatch between  location of services  and population in  need of those  services  – e.g. services for   ...
Health• Obesity has become an increasingly serious  problem              Percent of Adults who are Overweight or Obese   7...
Health• Significant disparities in health care coverage            Percent of People (18 to 64) Without Health Insurance, ...
Health• Teen pregnancy has improved significantly                                                Teen Birth Rate (15 to 19...
Safety• Crime rates are declining                                                           Crime Rates                   ...
Economic Outlook• Emerging energy industry     – Growth centered around Duke Energy     – Existing energy-related firms ha...
Economic Outlook• Other important industries for Mecklenburg’s  future economic growth  – Finance  – Healthcare  – Motorsp...
Economic Outlook• Business confidence index  – Dipped into negative territory in 4th Quarter and all    six components wer...
Continued In-Migration• After peaking in 2007, the number of newcomers  is on the rise again, even though unemployment  re...
Discussion Issues• Possible discussion issues  – Continued in-migration with few new jobs  – Future of white population’s ...
Our Work in the Community• Visit our websites to learn more about who we  are, what we do, and the community in which we a...
Contact Information• Contact us with questions about our work and  ideas for future research  – Linda Shipley     • 704-68...
Demographic & Economic Changesand How They Impact Our Community Presentation by Linda Shipley & Laura Simmons          UNC...
Demographic & Economic Changes in Mecklenburg County, N.C.
Demographic & Economic Changes in Mecklenburg County, N.C.
Demographic & Economic Changes in Mecklenburg County, N.C.
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Demographic & Economic Changes in Mecklenburg County, N.C.

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Demographic & Economic Changes in Mecklenburg County, N.C.

  1. 1. Demographic & Economic Changesand How They Impact Our Community Presentation by Linda Shipley & Laura Simmons UNC Charlotte Urban Institute October 2011
  2. 2. Overview• Demographic changes: 2000-2010• Impacts of the recession: 2005-2010• Issues and opportunities that have emerged for our community
  3. 3. Demographic Change• Mecklenburg population 2010: 920,000 – Most populous county in N.C. – Wake County is a close second (901,000)• Population growth 2000-2010: 32.2% – Nearly twice as fast as the state (18.5%) – Not as fast as Wake County (43.5%) Source: 2010 Census, 2000 Census
  4. 4. Age • Population is slowly aging – e.g. 60-64 group up from 3% to 4.4% 2000 2010 85 years and over Male 80 to 84 years Male Female Female 75 to 79 years 70 to 74 years 65 to 69 years 60 to 64 years 55 to 59 years 50 to 54 years 45 to 49 years 40 to 44 years 35 to 39 years 30 to 34 years 25 to 29 years 20 to 24 years 15 to 19 years 10 to 14 years 5 to 9 years Under 5 years6% 4% 2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2% 4% 6%Source: 2010 Census, 2000 Census
  5. 5. Race/Ethnicity• Racial/ethnic minorities have increased, especially Hispanic population Percent of Population 2010 2000 Change 2000-2010 White 50.6% 61.1% 9.5% African 30.2% American 27.7% 44.5% American 0.3% Indian 0.3% 33.5% Asian 4.6% 3.1% 93.4% Other 0.3% 0.2% 124.1% Multi-Racial 1.8% 1.1% 109.4% Hispanic/Latino 12.2% 6.5% 149.5% Source: 2010 Census, 2000 Census
  6. 6. Race/Ethnicity• White (non-Hispanic) population in wedge south of Uptown, in North Mecklenburg, and along Union County border• African American population in West and North Charlotte• Hispanic population in East and Southwest CharlotteSource: 2010 Census
  7. 7. Family Structure• Married couple families are still most prevalent but declining, while single parent families and unmarried partner households are on the rise Family Structure 2000 2010 80.0% 74.6% 69.4% 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 17.7% 20.0% 14.5% 10.0% 5.2% 7.0% 0.0% Married Couple Families Single Parent Families Unmarried Partner Families Source: 2010 American Community Survey, 2000 Census
  8. 8. Educational Attainment• Education levels have increased Highest Degree High School Diploma or Less Bachelors Degree or Higher 45.0% 39.2% 40.0% 37.1% 35.0% 33.7% 32.5% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 2000 2010 Source: 2010 American Community Survey, 2000 Census
  9. 9. Educational Attainment• Education levels are higher for non-Hispanic whites and Asians than African Americans and Hispanic/Latinos Highest Degree by Race, 2010 70.0% 66.5% 60.0% 55.2% 50.3% 50.0% 42.6% 40.0% 33.8% 30.0% 23.5% 21.1% 20.0% 16.0% 10.0% 0.0% White, Non-Hispanic African American Asian Hispanic/Latino High School Diploma or Less Bachelors Degree or Higher Source: 2010 American Community Survey
  10. 10. Income• More households with high and low incomes and fewer in the middle Household Income 2000 2010 40.0% 35.0% 33.5% 30.5% 28.8% 30.0% 24.9% 25.0% 23.0% 20.4% 20.0% 16.4% 15.0% 13.2% 10.0% 4.0% 5.2% 5.0% 0.0% Less than $25,00025,000 to $50,000 $ $50,000 to $100,000 $100,000 to $200,000 $200,000 or more Source: 2010 American Community Survey, 2000 Census
  11. 11. Income• Incomes are highest for non-Hispanic whites and lower for minority groups Median Household Income by Race, 2010 $70,000 $66,460 $60,000 $53,482 $50,000 $39,876 $40,000 $36,413 $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $- White, Non- African American Asian Hispanic/Latino Hispanic Source: 2010 American Community Survey
  12. 12. Employment • Construction and manufacturing have declined • Education & health services, financial activities, and leisure & hospitality have grown Construction 2000 2010 Education & Health Services Financial Activities 7% 5% 7% 24% 11% Information 26% 9% Leisure & Hospitality 12% 5% Manufacturing 10% 4% Natural Resources, Mining 23% 23% 12% 10% Other Services 6% Professional & Business 3% 3% Services Trade, Transportation, and UtilitiesSource: Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages
  13. 13. Newcomers• Over 65,000 people moved to Mecklenburg County between 2009 and 2010 – 65% came from outside North Carolina • 1/3 from another state in the South • 1/4 from the Northeast • 1/5 from a different country – Half are white (non-Hispanic), 1/4 are African American, 11% are Hispanic/Latino, and 11% Asian – Over 40% are college educated, 30% have a high school education or less Source: 2010 American Community Survey
  14. 14. Newcomers• Where are newcomers moving? – University City – Northern and Southwestern parts of the county Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
  15. 15. Development
  16. 16. Unemployment• Unemployment – More than 3 times what it was in 2000 • 3% in 2000 • 10.9% in 2010 – Worse for some groups than for others • Twice as bad for African Americans (19.7%) than non- Hispanic whites (9.6%) • 2.5+ times worse for those with a high school diploma (16.3%), or less (15.9%), than for those with a bachelor’s degree or higher (6.3%) Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010 American Community Survey
  17. 17. Poverty• Poverty has increased to national average Percent of People in Poverty Mecklenburg County North Carolina United States20% 17.5%18% 16.3%16% 15.1% 15.3% 15.3% 14.7% 14.3% 14.6% 13.0% 14.0% 14.3%14% 13.3% 13.3% 13.2%12% 11.3% 11.3% 10.7% 10.5%10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: American Community Survey
  18. 18. Poverty• Poverty is concentrated in the crescent around Uptown stretching from the southwest to southeast Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
  19. 19. Foreclosures• Twice as many foreclosures in 2010 as 2005 Foreclosures in Mecklenburg County 14,000 12,766 12,176 12,000 10,000 8,384 7,940 8,000 7,158 6,345 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: North Carolina Office of the Courts
  20. 20. Public Services• Many struggling neighborhoods face additional hardships because of reductions in hours and locations of public services like libraries and recreation centers
  21. 21. Education• After decades of successful integration, CMS schools have become segregated once again Source: North Carolina Department of Instruction
  22. 22. Education• Student population of CMS has become more diverse and more economically disadvantaged – 37% students applied for free-reduced lunch in 2001-02, up to 53% in 2009-10 CMS Students by Race 2001-02 2009-10 4% 5% 7% 16% American Indian 34% Asian 45% Hispanic Black 44% White 45% Source: North Carolina Department of Instruction
  23. 23. Transportation• Mismatch between location of services and population in need of those services – e.g. services for disconnected youth Source: “Preparing Our Youth for Work: A Community Assessment”
  24. 24. Health• Obesity has become an increasingly serious problem Percent of Adults who are Overweight or Obese 70% 60% 50% 34.3% 40% 35.4% 30% 20% 26.0% 10% 18.7% 0% 2001 2010 Obese Overweight Source: 2001, 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Survey
  25. 25. Health• Significant disparities in health care coverage Percent of People (18 to 64) Without Health Insurance, 2010 70% 58.1% 60% 50% 43.5% 40% 30% 26.1% 22.8% 18.8% 20% 13.5% 10% 0% Source: 2010 American Community Survey
  26. 26. Health• Teen pregnancy has improved significantly Teen Birth Rate (15 to 19 year olds) 60.0 Births per 1,000 teen girls 50.0 52.2 47.1 47.3 40.0 42.5 42.8 43.9 42.6 44.5 44.7 38.6 30.0 33.3 20.0 10.0 0.0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics
  27. 27. Safety• Crime rates are declining Crime Rates 800 Crimes per 100,000 Population 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Crime Rate Violent Crime Rate Property Crime Rate Source: North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation
  28. 28. Economic Outlook• Emerging energy industry – Growth centered around Duke Energy – Existing energy-related firms have expanded and new ones have located here – 250 energy-related firms in the Charlotte Region, a good number of which are in Mecklenburg – EPIC at UNC Charlotte aims to create a talent pool that will fuel continued growth of the sector Source: Charlotte Regional Partnership
  29. 29. Economic Outlook• Other important industries for Mecklenburg’s future economic growth – Finance – Healthcare – Motorsports – Transportation and warehousing – Location for company headquarters
  30. 30. Economic Outlook• Business confidence index – Dipped into negative territory in 4th Quarter and all six components were down, indicating diminishing confidence in both national and local economies Source: BusinessFirst Charlotte Business Confidence Index, Fourth Quarter 2011
  31. 31. Continued In-Migration• After peaking in 2007, the number of newcomers is on the rise again, even though unemployment remains high Newcomers to Mecklenburg County 100,000 86,916 People who moved to the county 80,000 76,534 74,526 70,895 66,376 60,506 in the past year 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: American Community Survey
  32. 32. Discussion Issues• Possible discussion issues – Continued in-migration with few new jobs – Future of white population’s support for CMS – Reduction in size of middle class – Public transit system does not adequately serve those who need it most – Impact of health care law (if it is implemented) • Predicted shortage of primary care physicians
  33. 33. Our Work in the Community• Visit our websites to learn more about who we are, what we do, and the community in which we all live – http://ui.uncc.edu – http://ri.uncc.edu• Recent studies and ongoing work of interest – MeckEd interactive maps of CMS schools – United Way Community Needs Assessment – Urban League The State of Ethnic Charlotte – Women’s Summit Women, Wages, & Work series – Goodwill Preparing Our Youth for Work Community Assessment
  34. 34. Contact Information• Contact us with questions about our work and ideas for future research – Linda Shipley • 704-687-2177 • lshipley@uncc.edu – Laura Simmons • 704-687-2872 • lsimmo19@uncc.edu
  35. 35. Demographic & Economic Changesand How They Impact Our Community Presentation by Linda Shipley & Laura Simmons UNC Charlotte Urban Institute October 2011

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