Water governance in Alpine Valleys: using the past to  understand the present              Beatrice Mosello             Ph...
1) Introduction2) Literature review3) Research design4) Methodology5) Case studies6) Results
Adaptive Capacity for Water Management in        the Aosta and Ossola Valley Climate and socio-economic changes will impac...
Shared              resource:                                      Unit of analysis:           WATER                Instit...
Literature review                1. Global changes in the mountains        The effects of globalisation on mountain areas(...
2. Managing water resources in the mountains                                                  Mountain regions have a long...
3. Adaptive capacity in the mountains    Concept of                       What are the    ADAPTIVE                       c...
Analytical framework1. Literature review                        3 institutional conditions                                ...
Survey               A survey was conducted to assess the currentinstitutional capacity to adapt to socio-economic and cli...
• For each indicator,  respondents were asked  to assign a grade from 1 to  5 reflecting:                  1    Bad   – th...
Case studiesAosta Valley        Ossola Valley
Results – General Overview                                             Agriculture             Industry                  T...
Results – Ossola Valley                                            Agriculture              Industry        Tourism       ...
Results – Aosta Valley                                              Agriculture             Industry       Tourism        ...
Discussion of results  Indicator 1: Public participation            Indicator 2: Information access and                   ...
Challenges• Very similar results between the two case areas:    bias in the survey?•   In both cases, very « weak » result...
ConclusionMountains are not only passive victims but RESPOSITORIESOF INFORMATION on how to best adapt water governance    ...
THANK YOU FOR    YOUR  ATTENTION!
Beatrice Mosello, PhD CandidateGraduate Institute of International and Development       Studies, Environmental Studies Un...
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Water governance in Alpine Valleys: using the past to understand the present [Beatrice Mosello]

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Water governance in Alpine Valleys: using the past to understand the present. Presented by Beatrice Mosello at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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Water governance in Alpine Valleys: using the past to understand the present [Beatrice Mosello]

  1. 1. Water governance in Alpine Valleys: using the past to understand the present Beatrice Mosello PhD Political Science Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, GenevaGlobal Changes and the World s Mountains , Perth, Scotland, 26-30 September 2010
  2. 2. 1) Introduction2) Literature review3) Research design4) Methodology5) Case studies6) Results
  3. 3. Adaptive Capacity for Water Management in the Aosta and Ossola Valley Climate and socio-economic changes will impact on institutional structures for water management Especially in mountain areas! OBJECTIVE OF THE WORK: Investigate the factors that define the capacity of institutions for water management to adapt to climate- related and socio-economic changes. Focus on the local level of analysis: allows to further explore solutions that communities/societies have takenfor managing shared water resources, also and especially under conditions of stress.
  4. 4. Shared resource: Unit of analysis: WATER Institutions tasked with water resources management functions in 4 economic sectors Case studies: (agriculture, industry, tourism, research) Aosta Valley Ossola Valley Object of analysis: Institutional Level of analysis: adaptive capacity of the LOCAL water sector in the mountains (one region, one province within theItalian national context)
  5. 5. Literature review 1. Global changes in the mountains The effects of globalisation on mountain areas(Castelein et al. 2006, Debarbieux and Price 2008, Regato and Rami 2008) Processes of Collective action byregionalisation leading to mountain communities at the definition of local, national and “mountain regions” transnational levels (Paasi 2002, Fall and Egerer (Price 1999, Gerbaux 2004,2004, Del Baggio 2009, Rudaz Granet-Abisset 2004, Finger-Stich 2009) 2010)
  6. 6. 2. Managing water resources in the mountains Mountain regions have a long Water resources history of water management as common pool practices (local communities!) resources Collective property regimes Mountains are a Collective management favour schemes are possible and cooperation crucial source of should be encouraged especially in knowledge for difficult natural examining the (Stevenson 1991, Ostrom dilemmas of 1990, Trawick 2008) environments (Debarbieux and managing a Price 2008) public good that knows no boundaries, and can be diverted Challenging the view that water and tradedmanagement gives rise to a « tragedy of (water)! the commons » (Hardin 1968)
  7. 7. 3. Adaptive capacity in the mountains Concept of What are the ADAPTIVE conditions that CAPACITY enhance the institutional capacity = to adapt?The ability to recover (Engle 2007, Eakin and 1 or adjust to change Lemos 2006, Brooks et al. 2005, Haddad 2005, Ivey et Increasedthrough learning and al. 2004, Adger 2001) flexibility so as to participation and maintain or improve representationinto a desirable state (Engle and Lemos Increased flows 2010) of information 3 and knowledge Focus on the Social capital and institutional dimension 2 networks and resource availability
  8. 8. Analytical framework1. Literature review 3 institutional conditions of adaptation =2. Historical analysis INDEX OFReference to three periods: INSTITUTIONAL1. « Agricultural phase »: ADAPTIVE CAPACITY agriculture as a predominant activity 1. Public participation in decision-making2. « Industrial phase »: processes (P) Industrial revolution and railways 2. Access to and availability of information (I)3. Post-war period: institutional reforms at 3. Access to and availability of resources national and regional levels (experience, infrastructure, economic + development of tourism! resources) (R)
  9. 9. Survey A survey was conducted to assess the currentinstitutional capacity to adapt to socio-economic and climatic changes in the two mountain areas under analysis.Respondents were Economic sector from whichselected from the following Ossola Valley Aosta Valley respondents haveeconomic sectors: been selected1.Agriculture Agriculture 7 7 Tot. 44 Industry 7 52.Industry respondents Tourism 8 63.Tourism Research 2 24.Research TOT. 24 20 8 Introductory questions Tot. 32 + 1 conclusion 9 questions on P questions 7 questions on I 7 questions on R
  10. 10. • For each indicator, respondents were asked to assign a grade from 1 to 5 reflecting: 1 Bad – the effective presence of 2 Sufficient such conditions in their sector; 3 Modest – the extent to which they 4 Good supposedly contribute to 5 Excellent building the adaptive capacity of the water management system to future changes, including climate change.• The final grades were then summed upGeneral picture of the factors that may help mountaincommunities to adapt to prospected socio-economic and climatic modifications
  11. 11. Case studiesAosta Valley Ossola Valley
  12. 12. Results – General Overview Agriculture Industry Tourism Other (research) GeneralP 2.93 3.00 3.09 3.38 3.10I 3.13 3.28 3.21 3.75 3.34R 2.70 2.92 2.50 2.30 2.61Experience 3.33 2.71 3.23 2.56 2.96Infrastructure 2.70 3.13 2.67 1.69 2.55Economic resources 2.09 2.51 2.34 1.13 2.02 Conditions of adaptive capacity, according to the Rating of the 3 components of the R condition (resources) rating given by respondents in the survey (Annex 1)4.00 3.503.50 3.003.00 2.50 2.00 Experience2.50 P Infrastructure 1.50 Economic resources2.00 I R 1.001.50 0.501.00 0.000.50 ) al ism re ry ch er st tu ar ur en du ul0.00 se To ric G In re Ag ( Agriculture Industry Tourism Other General er th (research) O
  13. 13. Results – Ossola Valley Agriculture Industry Tourism Other (research) GeneralP 2.97 3.04 2.88 4.25 3.29I 3.07 3.25 3.16 3.88 3.34R 2.63 2.78 2.76 2.29 3.31Experience 3.25 2.86 3.22 4.00 3.31Infrastructure 2.68 3.00 2.75 1.88 2.58Economic resources 1.96 2.47 2.31 1.00 1.94 Conditions of adaptive capacity, according to the Rating of the 3 components of the R condition rating given by respondents in the survey (Annex 1) (resources) - Ossola Valley Ossola Valley 4.504.50 4.004.00 3.503.50 3.00 Experience3.00 2.50 Infrastructure P 2.002.50 Economic resources I 1.502.00 R 1.001.50 0.501.00 0.000.50 ) al ism re ry ch er st tu ar ur en du ul se0.00 To ric G In re Ag ( Agriculture Industry Tourism Other General er th (research) O
  14. 14. Results – Aosta Valley Agriculture Industry Tourism Other (research) GeneralP 2.90 2.95 3.29 2.50 2.91I 3.18 3.30 2.58 3.63 3.17R 2.75 2.97 2.74 2.30 2.69Experience 3.43 3.10 3.25 3.63 3.35Infrastructure 2.72 3.25 2.58 2.00 2.64Economic resources 2.11 2.55 2.38 1.25 2.07 Conditions of adaptive capacity, according to the Rating of the 3 components of the R condition rating given by respondents in the survey (Annex 1) (resources) - Aosta Valley Aosta Valley 4.004.00 3.503.50 3.003.00 2.50 Experience2.50 2.00 Infrastructure P 1.50 Economic resources2.00 I R 1.001.50 0.501.00 0.000.50 ) al ism re ry ch er st tu ar ur en du0.00 ul se To ric G In re Ag Agriculture Industry Tourism Other General ( er th (research) O
  15. 15. Discussion of results Indicator 1: Public participation Indicator 2: Information access and availability MODEST (3.10) institutionalcondition for increasing adaptation MODEST (3.34) institutional condition for increasing adaptation Higher in the Aosta Valley! Highest for the research sector Higher in the Ossola Valley! Highest for the research sector Indicator 3: Access to and availability of resources (experience, infrastructure, economic resources) MODEST (2.61) institutional condition for increasing adaptation Higher in the Ossola Valley! Highest for the industry sector Highest: experience (2.96)
  16. 16. Challenges• Very similar results between the two case areas: bias in the survey?• In both cases, very « weak » results (no indicator scored higher than 3 = modest): WHY? Solutions?Comparison across sectors? – which sector has the least adaptive capacity, and why?Comparison across institutional contexts: e.g. replicate the survey in Canton du Valais, or Kyrgyzstan
  17. 17. ConclusionMountains are not only passive victims but RESPOSITORIESOF INFORMATION on how to best adapt water governance to global change Through a survey, we have assessed thecapacity of 3 institutional Focus on conditions to increase CREATIVITY ANDadaptation in 2 mountain EXPERIENCE! territories(local level of analysis)
  18. 18. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
  19. 19. Beatrice Mosello, PhD CandidateGraduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Environmental Studies Unit 11 A Avenue de la Paix CH-1202 Geneva SWITZERLAND E-mail: beatrice.mosello@graduateinstitute.ch

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