Urban-Rural Linkages in East African Mountains: The Role of Secondary Towns [Helene Mainet]

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Urban-Rural Linkages in East African Mountains: The Role of Secondary Towns. Presented by Helene Mainet at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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Urban-Rural Linkages in East African Mountains: The Role of Secondary Towns [Helene Mainet]

  1. 1. ‘Global Change and the Worlds Mountains’ Perth, Scotland, 26-30 September 2010Urban-Rural Linkages in EastAfrican Mountains: The Role of Secondary Towns H. MAINET JC. EDOUARD
  2. 2. • Central places in local and regional economies (through flows of people and resources) and redistribution points (between rural areas and within urban networks)• More complex urban-rural linkagesHypothesis : intermediate towns play a key role in polarisingtheir mountain surroundings • Analysis focused on markets and services to farmers offered by and through intermediate towns (small and medium towns) • Analysis based on 2 fieldworks : Uganda (Mbale, Kapchorwa) and Tanzania (Mbeya, Tukuyu), 2008-2009
  3. 3. The study areaMount Elgon /Mbeya(Uganda)Poroto Mountains-Rungwe / Mbale(Tanzania)
  4. 4. Mbale : at the foot of Mount Elgon, 30 000 inhabitants200 km from Kampalasmall town of Kapchorwaclose to the border with Kenya Kenya
  5. 5. Mbeya : at the foot of Mbeya Range, near Uporoto mountainsand Rungwe, 200 000 inhabitants680 km from Dar es Salam (TAZARA)small town of TukuyuClose to the borders with Zambia and Malawi
  6. 6. I- Intermediate towns, hubs for flows of resources at thelocal scale From mountain areas to urban centres Market function, redistribution of farm goodsCentral market, Mbale Mbeya market
  7. 7. A selective geography of urban-rural linkages : specialized markets in MbeyaUyole/Manjelwa :largest markets, located on main road and crossroad, dispatching functionUhindini :Central market, old one, upper-class marketSpecialized in beef meatSokomatola :Former central market, lower-class marketSpecialized in fresh fish
  8. 8. I- Intermediate towns, hubs for flows of resources From urban centres to mountain areas Redistribution of manufactured and « imported » goodsAgro-input shops in Mbale and Kapchorwa
  9. 9. I- Intermediate towns, hubs for flows of resources From urban centres to mountain areas Services to farmersMicro-credit and farmers’ association in Mbeya
  10. 10. The importance of the urban hierarchy(specialized outposts in small townsand rural areas)
  11. 11. II- Intermediate towns, connected to wider networks Regional polarisationMbeya markets : produces comingfrom regional surroundings
  12. 12. II- Intermediate towns, connected to wider networks Integration in international markets
  13. 13. III- Intermediate towns are facing paradoxical trends • Increase in mobility/development of communication networks = easier direct access from rural areas to Metropolises • Lack of local transformation for farm products • Questions about national policies (ex. decentralisation in Uganda)
  14. 14. Conclusion
  15. 15. Mbeya markets : produces comingfrom regional surroundings
  16. 16. In Mbale, imported goods from Kenyaand through Kenya and Kampala

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