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Planetary Power - Renewable Energy Without Compromise - Presented to the 2013 Hawai‘i Aerospace Summit

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  • Vision for large scale distributed renewable energyReplace fragile power grid with enegy where you need it, when you need it.Solar is great equalizer, abundant energy is out there, just need technology to harness it- What if we needed “Air Plants” and a vast network of tubes to breath? Sun is there just like the air
  • Why we are better:Control system is so flexible we can system engineer a system to meet any requirementsTake advantage of unique characteristics of site for optimized solutionHyGen -> SUNsparqPV + battery = very expensiveInclusion of backup power reduces cost by factor of 2 for capital needFlexible to use any renewable tech with our control sytemRemember vision is to achieve cost parity w traditional generators, but starting out higherDO MARKET LEVERAGE ON WHITEBOARD
  • 4 b topic panel 3

    1. 1. Transformative Energy Generation Presented to: 2013 Hawaii Aerospace Summit © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.
    2. 2. Energy Required for all Productive Activities Sources: • Oil & Gas • Solar • Wind • Others Conversion Output: • Suitable • Reliable • Accessible • Usable • Efficient • Environmentally Sound • Cost Effective © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.
    3. 3. VISION Replace traditional power generation systems with practical renewable distributed energy with no compromise in performance or reliability at much lower life-cycle cost than fossil-fuel generators. 1 2 3 ELIMINATE DEPENDENCY ON UNSUSTAINABLE POWER SOURCES ENABLE UBIQUITOUS RENEWABLE ENERGY TO FUEL THE GLOBAL ECONOMY ELIMINATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF POWER GENERATION © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved. Planetary Power, Inc. Proprietary & Confidential
    4. 4. Market Strategy Remote, Off-Grid Distributed © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved. In Space Utility Scale
    5. 5. Balanced Solutions Daily Load Profile 60 Power (kW) 50 $4,000k 40 $3,500k 30 $3,000k 20 $2,500k 10 0 12am Power (kW) 40 6am Noon 6pm 12am $2,000k $1,500k Representative Daily Solar Panel Output $1,000k 30 $500k 20 0 10 0 12am 6am Noon © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved. 6pm 12am
    6. 6. SOLUTION: Planetary Power Hybrids HYGEN™ Hybrid Generator Diesel-Renewable Hybrid uses 80% less fuel than traditional generators SUNsparq™ Solar+ Generator Clean reliable power using solar or traditional fuels at 40% conversion efficiency Planetary Power Delivers the Lowest Cost Off-Grid Power Available © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.
    7. 7. Hawaiian Energy Opportunities • mm • Strong demand for energy, most sources currently imported • Strong desire to protect the environment and culture for forward looking leadership • Segmented Electric Grid with significant remote needs • Central location in the Pacific Rim © Planetary Power, Inc. 2013. All Rights Reserved.
    8. 8. [ 14 ]
    9. 9. Collaborative Partners
    10. 10. The Goal To increase Hawaii’s self-sufficiency in construction materials
    11. 11. The Problem  Over 300,000 metric tons of Portland cement per year imported into Hawai`i  Economic Cost  Shipping cost passed on to State and consumers  Environmental Cost   5-7% global CO2 produced in Portland Cement production Massive producer to consumer fuel use  Maintains Hawaiian Dependence on Imports
    12. 12. A Solution  Indigenous basalt aggregate and alternative binding methods from available materials, both indigenous and “waste” byproducts  Fly and Bottom Ash  From waste-to-power and coal-fire plants  Sintering  Using basalt aggregate and Sub-200 micron rock dust  Proteins (for biocomposites)  Lignins  Polymers
    13. 13. Hurdles to Overcome for Commercialization of Technology  Lab validated technologies have not been scaled-up and durability tested in an intended-use environment  Technologies have not been ASTM tested and/or certified
    14. 14. Project Concept of Operations  PISCES and County of Hawai`i Department of Public Works selection of sites for sustainable concrete test pads   Sidewalk sections with moderate to heavy foot traffic Exposure to elements  Emplacement of test pads by PISCES and collaborative partners  Quarterly (every 3 months) removal of small sections for analysis to ASTM Standards for compressive strength, flexural strength, UV/weathering, and others  Publication of data and results with the American Society of Civil Engineering (ASCE)
    15. 15. NASA-Ames & Stanford University Biocomposite Concrete Team Members • David Loftus, PhD, MD, Innovation Lab Head, Division of Space Biosciences, NASA Ames Research Center • Michael Lepech, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University • Jon Rask, Innovation Lab Researcher, Division of Space Biosciences, NASA Ames Research Technology Center • Synthetic Biology (SynBio) binders • SynBio applies existing biological systems for useful purposes • Utilizing BSA and lignins
    16. 16. NASA-Kennedy Surface Systems Office (Swampworks) Team Members • Rob Mueller – Senior Technologist • Dr. Phil Metzger – Senior Scientist • Dr. Paul Hintze – Materials Research Scientist • Ivan Townsend –Mechanical Lead Engineer Technology • Sintering • Polymer Binders
    17. 17. University of Hawai`i, Manoa Team Members • Lin Shen, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa • Yanping Li, Graduate Student, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa Technology • Alkaline-Activated Fly Ash
    18. 18. Fly Ash    Also called coal ash, is an industrial by-product of coal-burning power plants Has long been used to replace small percentage of cement to improve durability and reduce cost Each tone of cement replaced by fly ash will cut CO2 emission by 0.85 ton Fly Ash Usage in the US:  43% used as supplementary material in concrete  57% (50M tons/yr) landfilled, $12 Billion/yr disposal cost Fly Ash Usage in Hawaii:  300,000 tons/yr by local power plants (HPOWER, AES, HC&S…)  Most is not used due to high sulfate content  Some are blended with oversea fly ash to meet specifications
    19. 19. Alkaline-Activated Fly Ash (Geopolymer) Concrete  Geopolymer Concrete: A type of alumino-silicate materials such as alkali-activated (NaOH, Na2SiO3, KOH,…) fly ash and slag  Old generation Geopolymer Concrete has existed for 40yrs.     low strength undesired setting time complicated mixing procedure. New generation Geopolymer Concrete use zero cement and can achieve strength, durability, and cost similar to, sometimes much better than normal concrete.     Looks like traditional concrete Placed at ambient temperature Controlled setting time Superior durability
    20. 20. Alkaline-Activated Fly Ash Concrete  Research Objective Using Hawaii local fly ash to develop high performance cementless geopolymer concrete (GPC) with         Low shrinkage High Durability High bonding strengths Low coefficient of thermal expansion Modulus of elasticity consistent with Portland cement concrete Low permeability Placement temperature tolerant …
    21. 21. Deliverables  ASCE conference paper  Data on ASTM test results  Cost and energy comparison for each method vs. Portland cement
    22. 22. Lunar Resource Utilization with Terrestrial Applications Michael Snyder Director of Research and Development at Made In Space
    23. 23. Made In Space Background • MIS Founded in 2010 to Build AM tech for Space – – • Conducted Multiple Trade Studies on AM in Space: – – • ESAMM, Modified BFB, DC3P Prototype, AMF, etc. MIS has an Innovative 3D Printing Lab – – – – • OTS Components, Extrusion Printers Metal AM, Space Qualified Polymers, Robotic Assembly Designed / Built / Modified Printer Concepts – • Identified extrusion printing as a low cost, low mass solution that could be implemented within a few years 3 goals: Study 3D Printing, Test in Micro-g, and Fly 3D Printer on ISS More than a dozen OTS and custom 3D printers Elite, UP!, Cube, ESAMM, BFB, Ultimaker, Felix Testing unique functionalities and capabilities 10,000+ hours of extrusion printing use Made in Space’s Printers Development – – – Microgravity Flights in 2011, 2013- 400 parabolas or 2+ hours of microgravity. SBIR Phase 1 in 2012, Phase 2 & 3 in 2013 3DPrint Experiment and Additive Manufacturing Facility
    24. 24. Resources • Wide Range of Materials o Heavy metals to non-homogenous regolith   • Wide Range of Applications o o o • Known metals mostly locked in oxides-need extraction/refinement Regolith varying size and compositions Habitats Vehicle Components Pressure Vessels Favorable Locations o o Most resources no not require substantial mining Varies along surface
    25. 25. Resources • Terrestrial Locations Have Similar Resources o Volcanic Regions  High amounts of Basalts  Closely relates to Lunar “Seas” also chemically equivalent to large portion of Highlands composition o Other Regions generally have resources trapped below surfaces • Utilizations Allow Efficiency o o o Use local resources for local activities Not reliant an extensive supply chains Reduces costs for projects
    26. 26. Progress • Made In Space In-Lab Regolith Printing o Created Regolith Printer  Capable of Printing Regolith into complex geometries • Traditional Methods limited to blocks and rods  Operates with Lunar Simulant and Hawaiian volcanic soil  Strong Parts  Low Heat  Low Power  Fast Setting o High Technology Readiness Level
    27. 27. Future Work • Continue work on laboratory devices o o o • Enhance Capabilities Fine-tune Mechanics Expand Build Envelop Develop Future Lunar and Terrestrial Devices o o o o Focus on applications and reliability Provide new manufacturing methods for Earth projects Enable economical Lunar/Earth infrastructure development Create new uses for these common materials

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