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Annual 5311(c) Funding             16                                            15     15     15             15          ...
Growth in Tribal Transit Services
Program Funding Needs?National Congress of American Indians andIntertribal Transportation Associationrequested:•   Base le...
SURTC’s Research Approach•   Assess overall reservation mobility needs•   Determine demand for existing funds•   Identify ...
Personal Mobility – Need Indicators•    Age•    Income•    Disabilities•    Households without vehicles•    Remoteness & p...
Cannot Stereotype Tribes332 reservations in lower 48 states106 less than 1 sq. mile24 over 1,500 sq. miles256 less than 5,...
Mobility Need IndicatorsSeniors: 31 reservations with 20% of residentsage 60 and over (vs. 16.3% nationally)Youth: 33 rese...
Tribal Need IndicatorsNo cars: 28 reservations with 15-30% (vs.10.3% nationally)Spent on fuel: 29 Native counties @ 14.8%(...
Tribes With Transit Services
5311(c) & ARRA Tribal Transit Grants    Year          Funds       # of      Funding     Total   Planning   New Start   Enh...
Ridership Increases Related to  Receipt of 5311(c) Funding1,400,0001,200,0001,000,000 800,000                             ...
Passenger Trip Purposes                                     Employment        Unknown 27.9%                  28.0%Shopping...
Operating Funds    5311(c) Recipients – FY 2010        (Survey Responses)                  Fares                  4.9%    ...
Passenger Trips Per Mile                       2007 - NTD   2008 - NTD   2009 - NTD   2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators  ...
Operating Expenses Per Passenger Trip                    2007 – NTD   2008 - NTD   2009 - NTD   2010 – 5311c              ...
Operating Expense Per Mile                   2007 - NTD   2008 - NTD   2009 - NTD   2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators    ...
Farebox Recovery Ratio                       2007 – NTD   2008 - NTD   2009 - NTD   2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators    ...
Potential Funding Sources• FTA 5311 and 5311(c) grants• Other FTA programs  (5309, 5310, 5311(b)(3), 5311(f), 5316, a  nd ...
Potential Funding Sources• Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy  Families, Head Start, and Veterans  Administration• A...
Potential Funding Sources• Foundations, gifts, donations, and  bequests• In-kind local match• Advertising sales• Contract ...
Average Annual Budgets• 1,413 rural transit systems (NTD):  $816,000• 51 responding tribal systems:  $380,000• Tribal depe...
Annual Need for 5311c Funds – 120 Tribes                               5311(c) Portion of Average Operator Budget  Average...
5311(c) Program Needs• Depends on number of tribal transit systems  (120 to 170)• Depends on target level of support  (25%...
www.SURTC.orgCopies of slides & report: www.surtc.orgContact information: Jon Mielke                     701-328-9865     ...
Tribal Transit & Prospects for Future Funding
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Tribal Transit & Prospects for Future Funding

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SURTC researcher Jon Mielke presented the findings of a recent study regarding the impacts of the 5311(c) tribal transit program that was created in 2005 by the SAFETEA-LU federal highway and transit funding bill. The study also identified future funding requirements based on varying levels of tribal participation and the availability of funding from other sources. To webinar can be viewed by visiting http://www.surtc.org/training/2012_03_tribaltransit.php

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Tribal Transit & Prospects for Future Funding

  1. 1. Annual 5311(c) Funding 16 15 15 15 15 14 13 12 12$ Millions 11 10 Annual 5311C 10 Funding 9 8 8 7 6 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Fiscal Year
  2. 2. Growth in Tribal Transit Services
  3. 3. Program Funding Needs?National Congress of American Indians andIntertribal Transportation Associationrequested:• Base level of funding at $35 million/year• Increase by $10 million/year• Up to annual amount of $85 million/year• Absolute minimum of $15 million/yearJustifiable???
  4. 4. SURTC’s Research Approach• Assess overall reservation mobility needs• Determine demand for existing funds• Identify program achievements• Assess operator efficiencies & effectiveness• Funding sources & operator funding needs• Quantify overall program funding needs
  5. 5. Personal Mobility – Need Indicators• Age• Income• Disabilities• Households without vehicles• Remoteness & population density• Other mobility options
  6. 6. Cannot Stereotype Tribes332 reservations in lower 48 states106 less than 1 sq. mile24 over 1,500 sq. miles256 less than 5,000 residents10 in metropolitan areas42 have fewer than 5 residents per sq. mile176 have more than 50 residents per sq. mile
  7. 7. Mobility Need IndicatorsSeniors: 31 reservations with 20% of residentsage 60 and over (vs. 16.3% nationally)Youth: 33 reservations with 33-38% (vs.20.4%)Disabilities: no significant differences (7.7%)Income: 32.2% live in poverty (vs. 12.2%)
  8. 8. Tribal Need IndicatorsNo cars: 28 reservations with 15-30% (vs.10.3% nationally)Spent on fuel: 29 Native counties @ 14.8%(vs. 7.8% nationally)Remoteness: many reservations are rural oreven frontier (fewer than 6 residents/sq. mi.)
  9. 9. Tribes With Transit Services
  10. 10. 5311(c) & ARRA Tribal Transit Grants Year Funds # of Funding Total Planning New Start Enhancement Available Requests Requested Awards Grants Grants Grants & Granted5311c FY 2006 $8 M 95 $22.1 M 63 34 13 165311c FY 2007 $10 M 75 $21.0 M 65 16 4 55 5311c $12 M 89 $24.0 M 71 15 5 52 FY 2008 5311c $15 M 81 $28.0 M 63 9 2 52 FY 2009 5311c $15 M 96 $36.8 M 59 2 7 50 FY 2010 ARRA $17 M 71 $54.0 M 39 NA NA NA FY 2009
  11. 11. Ridership Increases Related to Receipt of 5311(c) Funding1,400,0001,200,0001,000,000 800,000 Rides 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 New Operator Rides Existing Operators-Additional Aggregate Increase in Rides Rides
  12. 12. Passenger Trip Purposes Employment Unknown 27.9% 28.0%Shopping 8.0% Education 21.5% Medical 14.7%
  13. 13. Operating Funds 5311(c) Recipients – FY 2010 (Survey Responses) Fares 4.9% Other 6.8% 5311(c) Tribal, 32.5% 17.4% 5311 & Other Federal 34.0%State4.5%
  14. 14. Passenger Trips Per Mile 2007 - NTD 2008 - NTD 2009 - NTD 2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators .25 .24 .23 NATribal Operators .12 .14 .12 .19
  15. 15. Operating Expenses Per Passenger Trip 2007 – NTD 2008 - NTD 2009 - NTD 2010 – 5311c Survey Rural Operators 9.37 9.57 9.91 NA Tribal Operators 18.41 17.72 15.75 11.02
  16. 16. Operating Expense Per Mile 2007 - NTD 2008 - NTD 2009 - NTD 2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators 2.34 2.30 2.31 NATribal Operators 2.27 2.39 1.96 2.06
  17. 17. Farebox Recovery Ratio 2007 – NTD 2008 - NTD 2009 - NTD 2010 – 5311c SurveyRural Operators .08 .08 .08 NATribal Operators .05 .06 .04 .05
  18. 18. Potential Funding Sources• FTA 5311 and 5311(c) grants• Other FTA programs (5309, 5310, 5311(b)(3), 5311(f), 5316, a nd 5317)• IRR (Indian Reservation Roads Program)• Administration on Aging - Older Americans Act, Title VI
  19. 19. Potential Funding Sources• Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Head Start, and Veterans Administration• Administration for Native Americans• Indian Health Service and Community Health Representative Program• State departments of transportation
  20. 20. Potential Funding Sources• Foundations, gifts, donations, and bequests• In-kind local match• Advertising sales• Contract rides• Fundraising• Gaming/casino funds and other local funding sources• Fare income
  21. 21. Average Annual Budgets• 1,413 rural transit systems (NTD): $816,000• 51 responding tribal systems: $380,000• Tribal dependence on 5311(c) funding: Between 26.3% and 41.5%
  22. 22. Annual Need for 5311c Funds – 120 Tribes 5311(c) Portion of Average Operator Budget Average Annual 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Budget $450,000 $13.5M $16.2M $18.9M $21.6M $24.3M $27.0M $500,000 $15.0M $18.0M $21.0M $24.0M $27.0M $30.0M $550,000 $16.5M $19.8M $23.1M $26.4M $29.7M $33.0M $600,000 $18.0M $21.6M $25.2M $28.8M $32.4M $36.0M $650,000 $19.5M $23.4M $27.3M $31.2M $35.1M $39.0M $700,000 $21.0M $25.2M $29.4M $33.6M $37.8M $42.0M $750,000 $22.5M $27.0M $31.5M $36.0M $40.5M $45.0M
  23. 23. 5311(c) Program Needs• Depends on number of tribal transit systems (120 to 170)• Depends on target level of support (25% to 50% of annual operating budget)• Depends on size of average operating budget ($450,000 to $750,000)• Bottom line: $15 million to $65 million
  24. 24. www.SURTC.orgCopies of slides & report: www.surtc.orgContact information: Jon Mielke 701-328-9865 jon.mielke@ndsu.edu

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