EuropeBasic Life Support &Automated ExternalDefibrillation Course
EuropeOBJECTIVES• At the end of this courseparticipants should be able to demonstrate:– How to assess the collapsed victim...
EuropeBACKGROUND• Approximately 700,000 cardiac arrests per yearin Europe• Survival to hospital discharge presentlyapproxi...
EuropeCHAIN OF SURVIVAL
EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
EuropeAPPROACH SAFELY!SceneRescuerVictimBystandersApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCal...
EuropeCHECK RESPONSEApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 re...
EuropeShake shoulders gentlyAsk “Are you all right?”If he responds• Leave as you find him.• Find out what is wrong.• Reass...
EuropeSHOUT FOR HELPApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 re...
EuropeOPEN AIRWAYApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescu...
EuropeCHECK BREATHINGApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 r...
EuropeCHECK BREATHING• Look, listen and feelfor NORMALbreathing• Do not confuseagonal breathing withNORMAL breathing
EuropeAGONAL BREATHING• Occurs shortly after the heart stopsin up to 40% of cardiac arrests• Described as barely, heavy, n...
EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
Europe30 CHEST COMPRESSIONSApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressi...
Europe• Place the heel of one hand inthe centre of the chest• Place other hand on top• Interlock fingers• Compress the che...
EuropeRESCUE BREATHSApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 re...
EuropeRESCUE BREATHS• Pinch the nose• Take a normal breath• Place lips over mouth• Blow until the chestrises• Take about 1...
EuropeCONTINUE CPR30 2
EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
EuropeDEFIBRILLATION
EuropeCall 112Approach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingAttach AEDFollow voice prompts
EuropeSWITCH ON AED• Some AEDs willautomatically switchthemselves on whenthe lid is opened
EuropeATTACH PADS TOCASUALTY’S BARE CHEST
EuropeANALYSING RHYTHMDO NOT TOUCH VICTIM
EuropeSHOCK INDICATED• Stand clear• Deliver shock
EuropeSHOCK DELIVEREDFOLLOW AED INSTRUCTIONS30 2
EuropeNO SHOCK ADVISEDFOLLOW AED INSTRUCTIONS30 2
EuropeIF VICTIM STARTS TOBREATHE NORMALLY PLACEIN RECOVERY POSITION
Europe
EuropeCPR IN CHILDREN• Adult CPRtechniques can beused on children• Compressions 1/3 ofthe depth of the chest
EuropeAED IN CHILDREN• Age > 8 years• use adult AED• Age 1-8 years• use paediatric pads /settings if available(otherwise u...
EuropeANY QUESTIONS?
EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breathsAp...
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Reanimation care

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Reanimation care

  1. 1. EuropeBasic Life Support &Automated ExternalDefibrillation Course
  2. 2. EuropeOBJECTIVES• At the end of this courseparticipants should be able to demonstrate:– How to assess the collapsed victim.– How to perform chest compression and rescuebreathing.– How to operate an automated external defibrillatorsafely.– How to place an unconscious breathing victim in therecovery position.
  3. 3. EuropeBACKGROUND• Approximately 700,000 cardiac arrests per yearin Europe• Survival to hospital discharge presentlyapproximately 5-10%• Bystander CPR vital intervention before arrival ofemergency services• Early resuscitation and prompt defibrillation(within 1-2 minutes) can result in >60% survival
  4. 4. EuropeCHAIN OF SURVIVAL
  5. 5. EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  6. 6. EuropeAPPROACH SAFELY!SceneRescuerVictimBystandersApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  7. 7. EuropeCHECK RESPONSEApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  8. 8. EuropeShake shoulders gentlyAsk “Are you all right?”If he responds• Leave as you find him.• Find out what is wrong.• Reassess regularly.CHECK RESPONSE
  9. 9. EuropeSHOUT FOR HELPApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  10. 10. EuropeOPEN AIRWAYApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  11. 11. EuropeCHECK BREATHINGApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  12. 12. EuropeCHECK BREATHING• Look, listen and feelfor NORMALbreathing• Do not confuseagonal breathing withNORMAL breathing
  13. 13. EuropeAGONAL BREATHING• Occurs shortly after the heart stopsin up to 40% of cardiac arrests• Described as barely, heavy, noisy orgasping breathing• Recognise as a sign of cardiac arrest
  14. 14. EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  15. 15. Europe30 CHEST COMPRESSIONSApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  16. 16. Europe• Place the heel of one hand inthe centre of the chest• Place other hand on top• Interlock fingers• Compress the chest– Rate 100 min-1– Depth 4-5 cm– Equal compression : relaxation• When possible change CPRoperator every 2 minCHEST COMPRESSIONS
  17. 17. EuropeRESCUE BREATHSApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  18. 18. EuropeRESCUE BREATHS• Pinch the nose• Take a normal breath• Place lips over mouth• Blow until the chestrises• Take about 1 second• Allow chest to fall• Repeat
  19. 19. EuropeCONTINUE CPR30 2
  20. 20. EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breaths
  21. 21. EuropeDEFIBRILLATION
  22. 22. EuropeCall 112Approach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingAttach AEDFollow voice prompts
  23. 23. EuropeSWITCH ON AED• Some AEDs willautomatically switchthemselves on whenthe lid is opened
  24. 24. EuropeATTACH PADS TOCASUALTY’S BARE CHEST
  25. 25. EuropeANALYSING RHYTHMDO NOT TOUCH VICTIM
  26. 26. EuropeSHOCK INDICATED• Stand clear• Deliver shock
  27. 27. EuropeSHOCK DELIVEREDFOLLOW AED INSTRUCTIONS30 2
  28. 28. EuropeNO SHOCK ADVISEDFOLLOW AED INSTRUCTIONS30 2
  29. 29. EuropeIF VICTIM STARTS TOBREATHE NORMALLY PLACEIN RECOVERY POSITION
  30. 30. Europe
  31. 31. EuropeCPR IN CHILDREN• Adult CPRtechniques can beused on children• Compressions 1/3 ofthe depth of the chest
  32. 32. EuropeAED IN CHILDREN• Age > 8 years• use adult AED• Age 1-8 years• use paediatric pads /settings if available(otherwise use adultmode)• Age < 1 year• use only ifmanufacturerinstructions indicate itis safe
  33. 33. EuropeANY QUESTIONS?
  34. 34. EuropeApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 11230 chest compressions2 rescue breathsApproach safelyCheck responseShout for helpOpen airwayCheck breathingCall 112Attach AEDFollow voice prompts

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