PLANNING ORGANIZING LEADING CONTROLLINGDefining Goals Determining Directing Monitoring What needs Activities Establishing Motivating To be done Ensuring that Strategy All involve How it will parties They are Developing Be done Accomplished Subplans Resolving As planned Who is in Conflicts Coordinate activities GOALS Stated by organization
ORGANIZING & STRUCTURES The process of arranging people and organizing other resources to work together to accomplish a goal. Organization Structures The system of tasks Workflows Reporting relationship communication channels that link together diverse individuals and groups
The Definition An organization is a systematic arrangement of people brought together to accomplish some specific purpose Without Goals There Will be No Organizations.
To Create StructuresIN RELATIONSHIP WITH THEOTHER MANAGEMENT ORGANIZING Dividing the WorkFUNCTIONS Arrange Resources Coordinate Activities To Set Direction PLANNING ORGANIZING CONTROLLING To Ensure Results To Inspire Effort LEADING
The Definition Process Organizational Function Organization Activities Organizational process Grouping Tasking Delegating Authority Coordination inter authority Information Flow vertically And horizontally
Detailing Jobs Description Dividing the Tasks Separating Operational Activities Coordinating Job tasks Monitoring and Organizing Deciding Roles Structure Departmentalizing Inter-Authority CoordinationCore Organization Elements
Division Of Work OrganizingDetermine what is to be done Process Departmentalization Assign TasksHierarchy Development Links Department Authority / DelegationDecide how much Authority(responsibility) to DesignateDecision Making levels Centralization or DecentralizationAchieving Coordination
by Rules or Procedures by Targets or Goals Coordination Through Hierarchy Through Departmentalization by Staff AssistantTechniques for achieving Using Liaison coordination Using committee Through Mutual Adjustment
faktor yang menentukan strukturorganisasi yang actual : Organization Culture Recent Technology in used
The Principles Organizational Design Organizational Structure Division Of Work Authority Delegation Hierarchy Coordination Span of Management Control Chain Of Command
The structure of the The Principles organization in its official state Diagram organisasinya menggambarkan hubungan pertanggung jawaban serta pengaturan posisi / jabatan pekerjaan secara resmi didalam organisasiFORMAL STRUCTURES The aspects of formal structure The division of work Supervisory Relationship Communication channel Managerial levels
organization made up of the The Principles unofficial, but often critical, working relationships between organization members Potential advantages of informal structuresINFORMAL STRUCTURES Helping people accomplish their work Overcoming limits of formal structure Gaining access to interpersonal networks and informal learning Note # Pelajari Kelemahan dari struktur organisasi informal
People with similar skills and The Principles performing similar tasks are grouped together into formal work units Members work in their functional areas of expertiseFUNCTIONAL STRUCTURES Are not limited to businesses Work well for small organizations producing few products or services Note # Pelajari Kelemahan dari struktur organisasi informal
Organizing and Authority # MengembangkanThe Management and Administration konsep birokrasi sebagai sistem organisasi formal dan Max Weber (1864-1920) administratif menjamin Birokrasi dalam Organisasi efisiensi dan efektifitas Clearly specified hierarchy Of Authority System of Written rules and SOP that specify How employees should behave A Bureaucracy Clearly specified System of Tasks and Role should have a: Relationship Selection and Evaluation System that rewards employees fairly and equitably
Organizing and AuthorityThe Authority Theories Formal Authority Theory wewenang itu berasal dari atasan, diberikan kepada bawahan secara sah
Organizing and Authority Acceptance TheoryThe Authority Theories Para anggota organisasi memberikan wewenangnya kepada manajer. Jadi dari bawah ke atas. Dalam hal ini bawahan menerima perintah atasan secara sukarela
Organizing and AuthorityThe Delegating an Authority Responsibility # Wewenang juga dapat didelegasikan yang merupakan proses pemberian wewenang dan tanggung jawab dari pimpinan kepada bawahannya.
Organizing and Authority Wewenang yang diperolehThe Types of Authority berdasarkan jabatan / posisi Wewenang yang diperoleh berdasarkan fungsi / kemampuannya Functional Authority Wewenang yang diperoleh secara pribadi
4 Main Influencing Factor Organization Strategy Technology Application Human Resources Overall Organization Size
Organizing and AuthorityThe Manager roles in Organizing Create the structure of working relationships between organizational members that best allows them to work together and achieve goals. will group people into Managers departments according to the tasks performed will also lay out lines of authority and responsibility for members.
Organizing and AuthorityThe Manager roles in OrganizingAn organizational structure is the outcome of organizing. This structure coordinates and motivates employees so that they work together to achieve goals.