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Unit 4 1920s


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An overview of a variety of topics from the 1920s that I use in class

Published in: Business, Spiritual

Unit 4 1920s

  1. 1. The Roaring 20s
  2. 2. Topics Included in Presentation: <ul><li>Communism and Red Scare </li></ul><ul><li>Palmer Raids, Sacco + Vanzetti, KKK </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Presidents in 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents of the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition and Gangsters </li></ul><ul><li>Scopes Monkey Trial </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Great Migration and NAACP </li></ul>
  3. 3. USSR Power Struggle
  4. 4. Palmer Raids <ul><li>Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer ordered these raids </li></ul><ul><li>2 Results of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government deported 100s of radicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not much evidence of any radical plots and civil rights of many were violated </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sacco and Vanzetti <ul><li>Italian Immigrants executed for murder </li></ul><ul><li>Significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fear of foreigners in United States </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Targets in the 1920s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrants = Jews and Catholics </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Boston Police Strike <ul><li>Entire police department goes on strike and are fired and replaced by new policemen. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Steel Mill Strike <ul><li>Violent strike where the government broke up the steel workers union </li></ul>
  9. 9. Coal Miners Strike <ul><li>John L. Lewis led a successful strike of the nation’s coal miners and becomes a powerful labor leader. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Warren Harding <ul><li>Republican Senator from Ohio. (29 th ) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous “...return to normalcy…” speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio gang – led to many scandals in the Harding presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Dies in office in 1923 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Teapot Dome Scandal <ul><li>Teapot Dome, Wyoming had government owned oil fields </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Interior Albert Fall leased the land to oil executives who had bribed him. </li></ul><ul><li>Fall became 1 st cabinet officer to go to jail. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Calvin Coolidge <ul><li>“ Silent Cal” – 30th </li></ul><ul><li>Takes over Presidency when Harding dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Wins reelection in 1924 but does not run for reelection in 1928. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The business of America is business!!” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Route 66
  14. 14. Aviation Heroes
  15. 15. Speakeasies
  16. 16. “ You can get much further with a kind word and a gun  than you can with a kind word alone.”
  17. 17. Early Mobsters....
  18. 18. Mafia in the United States 5 Big Families Commission Gambino Lucchese Bonanno Colombo Genovese
  19. 19. Philadelphia Mob <ul><li>The Philadelphia, Pennsylvania faction of La Cosa Nostra has been one of the strongest families in the American Cosa Nostra since its start in 1911. </li></ul><ul><li>Salvatore Sabella was sent to Philadelphia by the bosses of the Sicilian Mafia to organize the city's rackets. </li></ul>
  20. 20. What was the controversial issue in the Scopes Monkey Trial in 1925? <ul><li>Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Man “evolved” from apes. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Darrow + Bryan
  22. 22. Flappers
  23. 24. 1 st Radio Broadcast - 1920 <ul><li>First Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>At 6:00pm, on Tuesday, November 2, 1920, a few men in a shack changed the course of history. </li></ul><ul><li>Pittsburgh, PA. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Sports Stars of the 20's
  25. 26. <ul><li>1 st person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean by </li></ul><ul><li>33 hours and 39 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Received a prize of $25,000 </li></ul>Charles Lindbergh
  26. 28. Early Movies CLICK on the picture for a Youtube video for each movie
  27. 29. The Jazz Singer (1927) <ul><li>The 1 st feature length motion picture with synchronized dialogue. </li></ul><ul><li>Starred Al Jolson </li></ul><ul><li>Marked the decline of the silent film era </li></ul>
  28. 32. <ul><li>Movement of African-Americans from the South to Urban areas of United States </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>1914 – 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Escape racism, find better jobs, overall better life in the North </li></ul>The Great Migration
  29. 34. <ul><li>N ational A ssociation for the A dvancement of C olored P eople </li></ul><ul><li>James Weldon Johnson was instrumental in increasing the NAACP's membership from 9,000 to almost 90,000. </li></ul>NAACP