Gulf War Weapons


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Good description of air and ground weapons used by the US military in the 1991 Gulf War

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Gulf War Weapons

  1. 1. US Weapons of the Persian Gulf War
  2. 2. Objectives: <ul><li>Identify the difference between “Desert Shield” and “Desert Storm”. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe weapons used by the United States in the air war against Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe weapons used by the United States in the ground war against Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the effectiveness of US weapons. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Conflict <ul><li>On August 2, 1990 the country of Iraq invaded and occupied the tiny country of Kuwait over a “supposed” dispute over oil. </li></ul>
  4. 4. United States Responds <ul><li>President George W. Bush declared that the invasion “would not stand”. </li></ul><ul><li>Bush decided to send American troops to protect Saudi Arabia ( Desert Shield ) and eventually liberate Kuwait (Desert Storm). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Outcome <ul><li>American forces led by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf would eventually annihilate the Iraqi forces with the world’s most advanced weapons. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Air Support <ul><li>American air superiority gave the coalition forces a huge advantage in this conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>American aircraft completed decimated Saddam Huessien’s forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Air superiority included: bombers, attack helicopters, fighter jets and other highly advanced weapons. </li></ul>
  7. 7. F-117a
  8. 8. F-117a stealth <ul><li>Designed to be virtually invisible to radar. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed the “Wobblin Goblin” because of bumpy ride and outlandish appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Primary weapon (2,000 pound laser - guided bombs) </li></ul><ul><li>Targets in Gulf War included Iraqi command and control installations and also chemical and nuclear production and storage facilities. </li></ul>
  9. 9. B-52
  10. 10. B-52 Stratofortress <ul><li>US Airforce’s long range, large payload multi-role bomber. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed BUFF - Big Ugly Fat Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Can carry more than 70,000 lbs of bombs - nuclear, laser guided and conventional. </li></ul><ul><li>In Operation Desert Storm, B-52s were used to conduct round-the-clock carpet bombing attacks against Iraqi troop concentrations and defenses. In addition to high-explosive bombs, the B-52s saturated Iraqi positions with anti-personnel and anti-armor bombs . </li></ul>
  11. 11. BGM - 109
  12. 12. Tomahawk cruise missile <ul><li>Desert Storm was the first combat test of the cruise missile system. Highly successful. </li></ul><ul><li>In the war, Tomahawks were used to destroy surface-to-air missile sites, command and control centers, electrical power facilities and were credited with the destruction of Iraq's presidential palace. </li></ul><ul><li>Carry 1000 lbs computer or laser guided missiles - 550 miles per hour - up to 1500 miles </li></ul>
  13. 13. AH - 64
  14. 14. AH - 64 apache <ul><li>Specifically designed for its attack role. It is heavily armored and is hard to kill. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses “Hellfire” anti-tank missiles that have range of 3.7 miles. Top speed 184 miles an hour. </li></ul><ul><li>30 mm laser directed gun also used - attached to pilot’s helmet; targeting information seen </li></ul><ul><li>Primary use in Gulf was to destroy tanks and armored vehicles - highly effective weapon. </li></ul>
  15. 15. S-70A
  16. 16. S-70A Blackhawk <ul><li>Primary mission of the Blackhawk is as a troop carrier and and logistical support aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>Can carry 11 fully equipped troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipped with the Hellfire anti-tank missile and 50 calibre machine guns </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for low delectability. </li></ul>
  17. 17. AH-1W
  18. 18. AH-1W SuperCobra <ul><li>US Marines attack helicopter. </li></ul><ul><li>Can carry both the TOW and Hellfire anti-tank missiles. </li></ul><ul><li>Also able to use the Sidewinder air-to-air missile. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipped also with a variety of rockets and 20 mm gatling guns. </li></ul>
  19. 19. A-10
  20. 20. A-10 Thunderbolt <ul><li>Also known as the Warthog, Flying Gun, or the Tankbuster. </li></ul><ul><li>The A-10 was responsible for more than half of the Iraqi military inventory losses, including tanks, Scuds and helicopters . </li></ul><ul><li>Can carry up to ten Maverick air-to-surface missiles . </li></ul><ul><li>Avenger 30mm cannon, mounted in the nose of the aircraft. Can fire 4200 rounds a minute. </li></ul>
  21. 21. F -14
  22. 22. F-14 Tomcat <ul><li>The F-14 Tomcat is the US Navy's carrier-based two-seat air defense, intercept, strike and reconnaissance aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>The F-14 is armed with a General Electric Vulcan M61A-1 20mm gun with 675 rounds of ammunition. </li></ul><ul><li>The aircraft can carry short-, medium- and long-range air-to-air missiles and, and air-to-ground ordnance including the Rockeye bomb and CBU cluster bomb </li></ul>
  23. 23. F-15 E
  24. 24. F-15E Strike Eagle <ul><li>The F-15E dual-role fighter is an advanced long-range interdiction fighter and tactical aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>It is armed with air-to-air missiles that can be launched from beyond visual range, and has air-to-ground capability to penetrate hostile air and ground defenses to deliver up to 24,000lb of precision ordnance. </li></ul><ul><li>The aircraft is armed with an internal M-61 20mm Gatling gun, installed in the right wing root. </li></ul>
  25. 25. F-16
  26. 26. F-16 Fighting Falcon <ul><li>The first of the US Air Force multi-role fighter aircraft, is the world's most prolific fighter. </li></ul><ul><li>Air-to-surface missiles carried on the F-16 include Maverick, HARM and Shrike missiles </li></ul><ul><li>The F-16 carries the Lockheed Martin LANTIRN infra-red navigation and targeting system. </li></ul><ul><li>The F-16 has a 20mm General Electric M61A1 multi-barrel cannon and the gunsight is interfaced to the cockpit HUD. </li></ul>
  27. 27. UAV
  28. 28. Drones <ul><li>Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are either remotely or autonomous pilotless drones typically used for reconnaissance. UAVs </li></ul><ul><li>At least one UAV was airborne at all times during Desert Storm . </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most unusual surrenders took place when a Pioneer remotely-piloted vehicle droned above the battlefield, surveying potential targets. Five Iraqi soldiers waved white flags at its tiny television camera; it was the first time in history that men surrendered to a robot. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Air War Assessment <ul><li>Began January 17, 1991 and lasted about 6 weeks until the ground attack began. </li></ul><ul><li>Air power was then used to assist the ground assault. </li></ul><ul><li>Air power gave the US an extreme advantage </li></ul>Tomahawk destroying Iraqi postion
  30. 30. The Ground War <ul><li>On Feb 24, 1991 Marine divisions launched the ground offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Schwarzkopf hatched his “Hail Mary” attack plan. </li></ul><ul><li>The ground assault by the Allies precipitated a general rout on the part of Iraqi forces positioned in Kuwait . </li></ul>
  31. 31. Desert Storm - Ground Offensive
  32. 32. M - 1A1
  33. 33. M1 - Abrams <ul><li>Named for the late Gen. Creighton W. Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Principal U.S. heavy tank used in the Gulf War </li></ul><ul><li>M-1 mounts an M68E1 105 mm main gun and two 7.62mm NATO M240 machine guns. </li></ul><ul><li>Outranged Iraqi tanks by about 1,000 meters </li></ul><ul><li>Its ability to fire reliably when moving at speed (45 mph) over rough ground gave it a capability that proved valuable in the Gulf. </li></ul>
  34. 34. M - 109A6
  35. 35. M109 Paladin A6 <ul><li>Provides primary indirect fire support to heavy divisions and armored cavalry regiments. </li></ul><ul><li>The M109A6 is self propelled 155 mm howitzer. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains an on board ballistic computer and navigation system, an improved cannon and gun mount, automatic gun positioning, automotive improvements and driver night vision equipment . </li></ul>
  36. 36. HMMWV
  37. 37. High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle <ul><li>Provides a variety of wheeled vehicle platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Cargo/troop carrier, armament carrier, TOW missile system carrier, shelter carrier and two ambulance variants (2- and 4-litter ). </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for use over all types of roads, in all weather conditions and are extremely effective in the most difficult terrain . </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect for use in desert operations </li></ul>
  38. 38. M2/M3
  39. 39. Bradley Fighting Vehicle <ul><li>The BFVS is a lightly armored, fully tracked fighting vehicle that provides cross-country mobility, mounted firepower and protection from artillery and small-arms fire. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used in mechanized infantry and armored cavalry combat </li></ul><ul><li>M2 provides infantry squads with a light armored fighting vehicle; M3 provides scout and armored cavalry units with a vehicle for reconnaissance, screening, and security missions. </li></ul>
  40. 40. MLRS
  41. 41. Multiple Launch Rocket System <ul><li>The multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) delivers extreme firepower in a short time. </li></ul><ul><li>The MLRS consists of a launcher that holds two six-rocket canisters. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary missions are counter-battery fire and suppression of enemy air defense systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Each MLRS artillery rocket disperses 644 fragmentation bomblets over the target. </li></ul><ul><li>These munitions are both anti-armor and antipersonnel . </li></ul>
  42. 42. M-9
  43. 43. M9 Armored Combat Earthmover <ul><li>The M9 ACE is a highly mobile armored tracked vehicle that provides combat engineer support to front-line forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Its tasks include eliminating enemy obstacles, maintenance and repair of roads and supply routes, and construction of fighting positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the Gulf War to remove sand walls set up by Iraqis to slow down US offensive. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Ground War Assessment <ul><li>Operation Desert Storm(ground) lasted only 100 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The Iraqi forces were totally destroyed by the American led Coalition forces. </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 Iraqis killed; 148 Americans </li></ul>
  45. 45. Never Forget those who have served their country!!!