Electoral Process


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Electoral Process

  1. 1. Primary electionDemocrats Republicans General Election
  2. 2. Self AnnouncePetition Caucus Direct Convention Primary
  3. 3.  A person announces they want to run for office. Who uses this?  Someone who failed to win their party’s nomination.
  4. 4.  A group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election. Originally the caucus was a private meeting consisting of a few influential figures in the community.
  5. 5.  Political Parties:  Political parties began to broaden the membership of the caucus. Democracy:  People criticized the caucus for their closed, unrepresenta tive character.
  6. 6.  The process begins in local caucus and works its way up to through the country, state and then the national level. The convention system began to come under attack in the early 1900s and was to be replaced by another method.
  7. 7.  Anti-Mason Party in 1831 (1st national convention) Party Bosses began to manipulate the process.
  8. 8.  A direct primary is an intra-party election to pick that party’s candidate for the general election. State laws require that the major parties use the primaries to choose their candidates for the Senate, House, governor ship, etc.
  9. 9.  Party nominating election in which ONLY declared party members can vote. Party membership is established by registration.
  10. 10.  Party nominating election in which ANY qualified voter can take part.
  11. 11.  All voters receive same ballot and can vote for any party for any office they like. California’s version was ruled Unconstitutional.
  12. 12.  Winner needs an absolute majority (more than 50%) Top 2 vote getters in the 1st primary “Run-Off” or face one another in a 2nd election.
  13. 13.  These are elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels. Typically, a contender who wins a clear majority runs unopposed in the general election.
  14. 14.  Nominating by means of petitions signed by a certain number of required qualified voters in the election district. When is this method used?  Mostly at the local level.
  15. 15.  Why did Congress pass the bill?  Election of 2000 Some of the major provisions of the bill:  Replace lever-operated and punch-card voting devices by 2006  Upgrade administration of elections
  16. 16.  A voter’s eligibility has been challenged…but can vote and the voter’s qualification can be checked or verified later.
  17. 17.  Congress set the date for national elections (Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November). Explanation of:  Never on a Sunday (Church and state)  1st day of month is often payday (pressure from employer)
  18. 18.  Some states have allowed for early voting in an effort to increase voter turnout and make voting more convenient.
  19. 19.  Voting by those unable to get to their regular polling places on election day. Designed for: 1. Sick/Ill 2. Disabled 3. Away from home
  20. 20.  This occurs when a strong candidate running for an office at the top of the ballot helps attract voters to other candidates on the party’s ticket. Reverse Coattail:  Candidate at top of ticket can HURT other party members.
  21. 21.  Define Ballot:  A device used to record a voter’s choices. Over the history of the United States voting has taken many shapes (voice, paper ballots) and corruption led to a demand for ballot reforms.
  22. 22. 1. Printed at public expense2. Lists names of all candidates3. Given out only at polls4. Marked in secret
  23. 23.  Candidates are grouped on this ballot by office they are running for. Sometimes called the Massachusetts ballot because of its early use (1888) there.
  24. 24.  Lists each party’s candidates in a column under the party’s name. Good: parties like because it promotes straight-ticket voting Bad: does not take much thought in the voting process.
  25. 25.  Can help voters prepare for an election. They are mailed in some states and appear in newspapers in others.
  26. 26.  Origin of :  Jacksonian Democracy in the 1830s  More offices meant more democratic the government was