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Elections 1948-1960


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Elections 1948-1960

  1. 1. The Presidential Election of 1948
  2. 2. The Buck Stops Here! <ul><li>Harry S. Truman had big shoes to fill after the death of FDR. </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest domestic issue would be dealing with post WW II America. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presidential Election 1948 (4 candidates) The major party candidates: Truman (D) and Thomas Dewey (R)
  4. 4. Minor Party Candidates Strom Thurmond (Dixiecrat) main issue was blocking Civil Rights Henry Wallace (Progressive) main issue was foreign policy stand against Communism
  5. 7. Oooops...
  6. 9. The Presidential Election of 1952
  7. 10. Adlai Stevenson <ul><li>Democrat Governor from Illinois. </li></ul><ul><li>Stevenson's distinctive speaking style quickly earned him the reputation of an intellectual and endeared him to many Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Lost bid for presidency in 1952 and 1956 </li></ul>
  8. 11. Dwight Eisenhower <ul><li>Popular World War II hero; never held public office. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Republicans easy victory in 1952 and 1956. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Republican in White House since 1932. </li></ul>
  9. 14. The Presidential Election of 1960
  10. 15. The Candidates…. (R) Richard M. Nixon (D) John F. Kennedy
  11. 16. Background…… <ul><li>Richard Nixon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born 1913 in Yorba Linda, California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whittier College and Duke Law School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Commander in US Navy during WW II. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected to House in 1946, Senate 1950. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vice-President under Ike for 8 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Kennedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born in Brookline, Massachusetts in 1917 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. in US Navy; Pt109 Commander </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected to House in 1946, Senate 1952 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published Profiles in Courage 1957 – wins Pulitzer Prize </li></ul></ul>
  12. 17. The race for the office… <ul><li>Both men were young, military veterans, lawyers, had political experience and similar views. </li></ul><ul><li>However, many historians believe there were (2) important factors that decided the race….. </li></ul>
  13. 18. Televised Debates <ul><li>First televised debates in history. </li></ul><ul><li>70 million viewers tuned in, more on radio. </li></ul><ul><li>The first debate, the telegenic Kennedy won the image battle over Nixon who, recovering from the flu, appeared pale and refused make-up. </li></ul>
  14. 19. JFK and MLK… <ul><li>When Reverend Martin Luther King was arrested in Atlanta, Kennedy called to offer his sympathy. </li></ul><ul><li>This garnered Kennedy substantial African-American support in the 1960 election. </li></ul>
  15. 20. Election results….
  16. 22. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address <ul><li>President John F. Kennedy delivers his inaugural address at Capitol Hill in Jan. 20, 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy said, &quot;We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty.&quot; </li></ul>
  17. 23. The End