Udit Kumar &
IIT Roorkee B.tech 2nd year MMED
We are largely dependent on fossil fuels for our energy
needs. My idea is to reduce our dependence.
An analysis of our energy sector and our expenditure.
My presentation is focused on INDIAN scenario. My Idea
is centralized on our country’s renewable energy(mostly
focused on bio mass) potential and how we are going to
tap it to fulfil present day’s energy needs without
disrupting the growing energy needs.
The actual renewable energy scenario of a sub urban
area like ROORKEE-HARIDWAR by using a survey
which is done by us (by the help of patanjali yogya pith)
and then generalizing the survey result.
Trying to present a green energy model that can be
applied on Roorkee-Haridwar.
One modification in Bio-gas plant is suggested by us to
harness both gaseous fuel and electricity.
Utilization of barren land and west land.
Solutions to the concerns and problems raised in the
Indian Energy Scenario
India a growing economy, world’s 2nd most populous
country and also 2nd in population density. Energy
demand is rising with high population growth and
modernisation of our lifestyles, higher will be
electrification rates and a rapidly growing economy.
Annual growth in energy demand has reached 8%
recently. With GDP expected to grow by 7.5% and our
energy demand expected to nearly double by 2030. Our
total energy production is 150000 MW and we are in
power deficit of around 10%.
BIOMASS POWER SCENARIO
• India has a biomass availability of 150 million MT per
annum which gives us a potential to install 16,000MW of
biomass based power plants. But only 600MW is
installed and another 600MW is under implementation.
To realise this huge potential we need an investment of
Rs.1,00,000 crore. Some reasons for lack of investments
in Biomass sector are:
• It costs around Rs.6cr/MW for a Biomass plant
whereas a thermal plant requires only about 4.5cr/MW.
• Availability of Biomass fuel with high calorific value (>
Driving factors of Biomass industry in
• A huge untapped potential
• Environment friendly
• Reduce our power dependency on other country
• Ability to have small, kW scale power production
• Suitable to fulfil rural energy demand
• Efficient utilization of renewable biological sources
• Low Cost Resource
• In India it is also location independent
POTENTIAL BIOMASS FUELS
• Crop residue and farm wastes - The straw of cereals and
pulses, stalks and seed coats of oil seeds, stalks etc
• Industrial wastes - These wastes include wastes from
paper mills, chemical mills etc.
• Industrial wastes
• Forest wastes
• Logging residues
• Residues of wood product industries
• Residues from pulp and paper industries
• Municipal solid wastes
Roorkee – Haridwar scenario
Being in a area of Roorkee-Haridwar, in the foot-step of
Himalayas, in the bank of river Ganga. It is a highly
fertile land with good crop yield and also the huge crop
residue. Haridwar being a small city of having religious
importance, It has a huge population of milk animal
especially cows and buffaloes. It also has a large forest
body. So suitable for settling a Bio-gas plant but here I
would rather say gober-gas plant, the cow dung which
contain huge amount of methane and manure too
Different questions raised
• Unpredictability and inconsistency – Not a case in Indian
scenario, as show earlier we produce huge amount of
• Dependency on location – We have almost uniform
production of Biomass but states like M.P , U.P ,
Haryana , Panjab , Rajasthan are the leaders but you
can see three of them are big states.
• Maintenance – The raw material are actually west to us
are very cheap the remaining running cost is low with
respect to other, It also provide employment to the rural
• Lack of awareness – yes this is the area we need to
work and responsibility of intellectual society .
• Practicality – actually many bio-gas plants are running
successfully in our country. Which clearly indicate it is
• High cost – the increasing cost of fossil fuel because of
crisis and environmental consideration, It is feasible.
One analysis is enclosed.
• India and Germany have signed a Rs.140 crore deal to install 7
Biomass projects in India.
• During the 11th Plan period, the Government of India aims to add
• through biomass in many states, including Maharashtra, Uttar
Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
• All Green, a leading renewable energy developer in India, plans to
• Million to set up ten 6.5MW biomass-to-energy projects across India
over three years. The first three, projected across India.
• to go on-stream by March 2010, will be in karnataka,Tamil Nadu and
• French nuclear power specialist Areva and US-based Astonfield
• Resources are teaming up to invest about €100m ($142bn) in
biomass power plants
• It is made up of piezoceramic materials (these days
some nano-materials also serve the cause).When stress
is applied on these materials, it results into electric
charge separation and also high potential difference also
appear across the material depending on the type of
material used .For example- lead zirconate titanate
• The welspun energy company has set up 151 megawatt’
solar power plant covering up 800 acres. This mega
solar plant was started off eight months earlier than its
presumed time at the cost of Rs. 855 crores. With the
help of this plant, about 6, 24,000 houses will avail the
energy. The welspun company also has it’s one of the
industrial units in Kutch of Gujarat.
• It is 0.18875 Mw per acre.
• The efficiency of solar cell are nearly about 20%
• It can be increased significantly by using light trapping
and antireflective coating yet under development.
• Wind & Biomass Power in India – Profile, 2009
• Energy Independence – Indian Institute of Petroleum
• Shailendra Tripathi & L.D.Sharma, 10/12/2005
• Renewable Energy Policy, 2009
• Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources
• Indian Power Sector – An Overview of Recent Developments
• (2009) Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services
• 12/11/2009 by Renewable Energy Consulting
• 14/02/2009 by Mythili G. Nirvan