Extra cost justified as costs involving Overtime Compensation Rework performedChanges in material pricesChanges in the delivery scheduleMaterial cancellation costsInventory shrinkageProduction scrapSetup chargesObsolete inventoryActed as lead counsel in Compaq transfer pricing case, in which the Tax Court rejected $232 million in IRS transfer pricing adjustments and awarded Compaq a $21.3 million income allocation based on issues conceded by the IRS. Petitioner has satisfied its burden of proving that the prices in the intercompany transactions were consistent with arm's-length prices.
Transfer Pricing: Background Globalization Increased cross border intercompany transactionsManipulation of transfer prices in order to minimize the tax burden Tax authorities forced to regulate transfer prices Arm’s length principle
Arm’s length principle The prices in intercompany transactions should not differ from the prices determined by unrelated parties & The profit or income accrued from intercompany transactions should not differ from the profit or income earned from transactions between unrelated parties.
GlaxoSmithKlineTaxation Blues Jan 7, 2004, IRS slammed GSK with a tax claim of $2.7 billion Transferred profits to parent Co. (UK) GSK America overpaid GSK British for drugs Overvalued cost of research in Britain Undermined marketing costs in America IRS settled $3.4 billion for the dispute
Compaq Computer CorporationCompaq and Transfer Pricing In 1999, Compaq US received Tax deficiency notice & Penalties by IRS. Compaq Singapore sold PCAs to Compaq US at higher price. PCAs transfer price of Compaq Singapore was 93.9% of Compaq US standard cost. Compaq Asia justified extra costs involved. Compaq US paid $2.9 million for setup & unrelated subcontractors.
Seagate Technology Inc.Background In 1979, founded to make hard-disk drives for computers. In 1981, went public with its IPO. In 2000, back to private in a $20 billion stock swap. Conducts all manufacturing activities in Scott’s Valley,Seagate and Transfer Pricing
Transfer Pricing Laws in India Section 92, by Financial Act, 2002 Arm’s length price Specified method are as follows: Comparable uncontrolled price method Resale price method Cost plus method Profit split method Transactional net margin method