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Transfer pricing


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Transfer pricing

  1. 1. Transfer Pricing
  2. 2. Transfer Pricing: Background Globalization Increased cross border intercompany transactionsManipulation of transfer prices in order to minimize the tax burden Tax authorities forced to regulate transfer prices Arm’s length principle
  3. 3. Arm’s length principle The prices in intercompany transactions should not differ from the prices determined by unrelated parties & The profit or income accrued from intercompany transactions should not differ from the profit or income earned from transactions between unrelated parties.
  4. 4. GlaxoSmithKlineTaxation Blues  Jan 7, 2004, IRS slammed GSK with a tax claim of $2.7 billion  Transferred profits to parent Co. (UK)  GSK America overpaid GSK British for drugs  Overvalued cost of research in Britain  Undermined marketing costs in America  IRS settled $3.4 billion for the dispute
  5. 5. Compaq Computer CorporationCompaq and Transfer Pricing  In 1999, Compaq US received Tax deficiency notice & Penalties by IRS.  Compaq Singapore sold PCAs to Compaq US at higher price.  PCAs transfer price of Compaq Singapore was 93.9% of Compaq US standard cost.  Compaq Asia justified extra costs involved.  Compaq US paid $2.9 million for setup & unrelated subcontractors.
  6. 6. Seagate Technology Inc.Background  In 1979, founded to make hard-disk drives for computers.  In 1981, went public with its IPO.  In 2000, back to private in a $20 billion stock swap.  Conducts all manufacturing activities in Scott’s Valley,Seagate and Transfer Pricing
  7. 7. Transfer Pricing Laws in India Section 92, by Financial Act, 2002 Arm’s length price Specified method are as follows:  Comparable uncontrolled price method  Resale price method  Cost plus method  Profit split method  Transactional net margin method
  8. 8. Thank You