Cotton• Raw material for this sector• Grown in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh etc• 5.5 million bales produced in India in 2002• 8.7 million bales produced in India in 2010• India is the 15th largest economy in the world with a GDP of USD3.319 trillion and a GDP per capita of USD2,900.• It has the 2nd largest population right behind China with around 1.16 billion people.
Cotton Fiber Products made from cotton fibres includes:• Duvets/sheets• Towels• Sportswear• Jeans• Sweaters• T-shirts• Soft Furnishing• Socks• Pillowcases
Cotton Seeds• Edible oil 22.2 million tons in 2002• Edible oil 25.4 million tons in 2010• Availability of cotton oil cake meal 33.1% 2008 – 2009• Products include cottonseed :• Vegetable oil for cooking;• Cottonseed meal, a high protein supplement for livestock and poultry;• Hulls, a roughage for cattle feed;• Linters, a cellulose feed stock for many industrial and consumer products.
Process of Yarn FormationProcessing & Production• Most of the seeds are separated from the fibers by a mechanical process known as ginning are sewn together in bales.• These are then shipped to textile spinning and weaving mills for thread and fabric production.• The small-scale industries sector plays a vital role in the growth of the country. It contributes almost 40% of the gross industrial value added in the Indian economy.• The installed capacity of spindles in India contributes for 24% share of the world, and it is one of the biggest exporters of yarns in the global market.
Government Rules & Regulations• The Indian government actively participates in the industry and serves as an umbrella for government agencies like Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) and state marketing federations.• Furthermore, the state governments and regions in which the majority of the cotton planting occurs are also highly involved.
Government Rules & Regulations• Issues that generally plague the cotton industry are those related to the level of technology and modernization in the industry.• These issues generally lead to larger problems that make the successful commercialization of cotton as a cash crop difficult.• Consequently for the majority, cotton agriculture is stuck at the subsistence level.
Cotton Textile• In 2008 the cotton textile industry accounted for 14.4% of the country’s export earnings.• The Economy of India is the ninth largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth largest by purchasing power parity.• Today textile sector accounts for nearly 14% of the total industrial output.
Cotton Textile• Indian textile exports are typically targeted at the lower quality end of the international market.• The apparel industry is largest foreign exchange earning sector, contributing 12% of the countrys total exports.• In 2010 the textile sector accounts about 30% in the total export.
Future Of Cotton Textile• Textile exports are targeted to reach $50 billion by 2012, $25 billion of which will go to the US. Other markets include UAE, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, Canada, Bangladesh and Japan.• A few modern integrated textile units are now focusing on exports of finer count yarns, fabric, and branded garments for the upper segment of the world market.
The Cotton Advisory Board, in its meeting held on 25th July 2011 has placed cotton production during 2010-11 cotton season at 325 lakh bales of 170 kgs each, as per State-wise details given below: Area in lakh hectare/Production in lakh bales/Yield kgs per hectare 2010-11* Production 2009-10 ProductionPunjab 5.3 16 513 5.11 14.25 474Haryana 4.92 14 484 5.07 14.75 495Rajasthan 3.35 9 457 4.44 11 421North Total 13.57 39 489 14.62 40 465Gujarat 26.33 103 665 26.25 98 635Maharashtra 39.32 82 355 35.03 63 306MadhyaPradesh 6.5 17 445 6.11 15 417South Total 24.51 68 472 20.34 66 552Orissa 0.74 2 459 0.54Others 0.45 2 756 0.21 1 315Loose Lint -- 12 -- -- 12Grand Total 111.42 325 496 103.1 295 486
Cotton Textile Production in 2007/08, totaled a5,355,000 tons. The cotton industry has, employs an estimated 46.6 million people.