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UC Nursing CESDEV Solid Waste Management


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UC Nursing CESDEV Solid Waste Management

  1. 1. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT University of Cebu College of Nursing
  2. 2. Management
  3. 3. Statistics 0.5 kg per capita waste production daily ½ kg waste /person/day 1.3 Million population in Metro Cebu (2001) 650 metric tons waste / day or 19, 500 metric tons / month 237,250 metric tons/year 2001 Metro Cebu 2004 Mandaue 420 metric tons/day 13,020 metric tons/month 153,300 metric tons/year
  5. 5. Hazards in open dumps
  6. 6. Hazards in open dumps “ shall refer to the liquid produced when waste undergo decomposition and when water percolate through solid waste undergoing decomposition. It is a contaminated liquid that contains dissolved and suspended materials” Leachate…..
  7. 7. Impacts on surface waters
  8. 8. Potential Environmental and Health Hazards of Improper Waste Management Burning Cellophane <ul><li>releases toxic gases which causes air pollution and contri⁢utes rapid destruction of the ozone layer </li></ul>Results - high incidence of skin and eye diseases on humans and so as to livestocks and marine animals Burning Releases carbon dioxide Accumulates in the atmosphere Absorbs the heat coming from the sun Contributes to rapid global warming
  9. 9. Unmanaged Garbage DUMPING Breeding places of rats, cockroaches, flies, etc Harbor harmful fungi/bacteria Pollution to rivers/seas Bad odor Carriers of deadly diseases Produce leachate Death/deplete marine species Contribute air pollution Contaminate water sources Causes vomiting/ discomfort Cause amoebiasis, dysentery, etc .
  10. 10. Indiscriminate dumping of garbage Indiscriminate dumping of garbage in sidewalks, open canals, esteros  leads to clogging of drainage system  contributes flash flooding  scavenging  streets become messy/foul smelling
  11. 11. “ We are part of the problem because we produce garbage ourselves. But we can be part of the solution by reducing the waste we produce daily”.
  12. 12. HEALTH is a basic human right.
  13. 13. We all deserve to live in a cleaner environment .
  14. 16. RA 9003 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 An Act Providing for an Ecological Solid Waste Management Program, Creating the Necessary Institutional Mechanisms and Incentives, Declaring Certain Acts Prohibited and Providing Penalties, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes
  15. 17. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pagsasagawa o pag-operate, pagkolekta o pagbiyahe ng mga equipment na may paglabag sa operasyong pangsanitasyon o mga permit alinsunod sa RA 9003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa - P300-P1,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong - 1-15 araw, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pagsunog ng SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa -P300-P1,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong – 1-15 araw, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pagpapakolekta o pagpayag sa pagkolekta ng hindi nahiwa-hiwalay na SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa -P1,000-P3,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong – 1-15 araw, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pag-squat sa open dump at landfill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa -P1,000-P3,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong – 15 araw-6 buwan, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paggawa ng bukas na tambakan, paglibing ng nabubulok na SW sa mga bahaing lugar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa -P1,000-P3,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong – 15 araw-6 buwan, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pagtanggal ng mga recyclable na gamit nang walang awtorisasyon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multa -P1,000-P3,000, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kulong – 15 araw-6 buwan, o </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pareho </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paghalo ng mga nahiwalay nang recyclable sa iba pang SW sa sasakyan o lalagyan na ginagamit sa pangungulekta ng SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First Offense - Multa -P5,000 + 5-10% ng net income niya sa nakaraang taon </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>GAWAIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pagbukas, pag-operate o pagsara ng bukas na tambakan nang di naaayon sa Sek. 37 ng RA 9003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PARUSA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First Offense - Multa -P500,000 + 5-10% ng net income niya sa nakaraang taon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mga susunod na paglabag - Kulong - 1-3 taon, dagdag sa multa </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 26. Hospital or Biomedical or Infectious Wastes Sharps, solid wastes, human excreta, disposable wastes, anatomical wastes, discarded medicines etc. disposable, syringes, swabs, bandages, body fluids etc.
  25. 27. Industrial or Hazardous Wastes Household wastes - Old batteries, shoe polish, paint tins, old medicines and medicine bottles. Hospital wastes – formaldehyde and phenols, mercury Industrial Sector – metal, chemical, paper, pesticide, dye, refining and rubber good industries.
  26. 28. TYPE OF LITTER WE GENERATE AND APPROXIMATE TIME IT TAKES TO GENERATE undetermined Glass bottles one million years? Plastic bags 100–500 years Tin, aluminum, and other metal items such as cans 1 year Woolen items 10–15 years Wood 2–5 months Cotton cloth 10–30 days Paper a week or two. Organic waste such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover foodstuff, etc. Approximate time it takes to degenerate the litter Type of litter
  28. 30. BIODEGRADABLE Include organic wastes e.g. vegetables, kitchen wastes, fruits, flowers, leaves from the garden and paper.
  30. 32. <ul><li>Recyclable Waste – plastics, paper, glass, metal etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic Waste – old medicines, bulbs, paints, chemicals, spray cans, fertilizers, pesticide containers, shoe polish, batteries. </li></ul><ul><li>Soiled – hospital cloth soiled with blood and body fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic and soiled waste should be disposed with care. </li></ul>
  31. 33. Advantages of Waste Recycling <ul><li>It leads to less utilization of raw materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces environmental impacts arising from waste treatment and disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the surroundings cleaner and healthier. </li></ul><ul><li>Saves on landfill space. </li></ul><ul><li>Saves money. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the amount of energy required to manufacture new products </li></ul>
  32. 34. 5 R’S
  33. 35. <ul><li>instead of buying new containers from the market, use the containers that you have at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse to buy new items though they are prettier than your old ones. </li></ul>REFUSE
  34. 36. REUSE <ul><li>Do not throw anything to the trash, the soft drink bottles or cans etc. </li></ul>RECYCLE Includes the collection of used and discarded materials placing these and making them into new products.
  35. 37. ITEMS THAT CAN BE RECYCLED <ul><li>PAPER old copies , old books, paper bags, newspapers, old greeting cards, card board box </li></ul><ul><li>PLASTIC containers, bags, bottles, sheets </li></ul><ul><li>GLASS & CERAMICS </li></ul><ul><li>bottles, plastic cups, bowls </li></ul><ul><li>MISC old cans, utensils, clothings, furnitures </li></ul>
  36. 38. Segregate now! Compostable Recyclable Residual
  38. 40. <ul><li>SEGREGATION of wastes at source </li></ul><ul><li>all members of the household and every individual must know and practice how to segregate wastes into: </li></ul><ul><li>compostable ( nabubulok o malata ) </li></ul><ul><li>recyclable </li></ul><ul><li>non-recyclable ( residual waste na dapat itapon ) </li></ul><ul><li>special or hazardous waste </li></ul>
  39. 41. <ul><li>Compostables o Nabubulok </li></ul><ul><li>Place into empty cans, pail, plastic container with cover: </li></ul><ul><li>balat ng prutas at gulay </li></ul><ul><li>hasang,bituka at tinik ng isda </li></ul><ul><li>buto ng manok at baboy </li></ul><ul><li>balat ng itlog, shells </li></ul><ul><li>panis na pagkain </li></ul><ul><li>dumi ng hayop </li></ul><ul><li>damo, sanga, abo at iba pang katulad nito </li></ul><ul><li>i-compost ang mga ito para maging likas na pataba sa mga halaman </li></ul>
  40. 42. <ul><li>there must be a separate container for each type of waste </li></ul><ul><li>segregated recyclables must be properly cleaned before storing them in their respective containers </li></ul>
  41. 43. <ul><li>there must be a separate container for each type of waste </li></ul><ul><li>segregated recyclables must be properly cleaned before storing them in their respective containers </li></ul>
  42. 44. <ul><li>Put in plastic bags all residual wastes such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitary napkins, diapers </li></ul><ul><li>Maduduming basahan </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramiks </li></ul><ul><li>Maruruming bagay </li></ul><ul><li>Balat ng kendi at iba pang hindi na ma-recycle na wrappers </li></ul><ul><li>Hintayin ang pagdating ng garbage collection truck </li></ul>Residual wastes na dapat itapon
  43. 45. Hazards Associated With Waste Handling <ul><li>INFECTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Skin and blood infections resulting from direct contact with waste, and from infected wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye and respiratory infections resulting from exposure to infected dust, especially during landfill operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Different diseases that results from the bites of animals feeding on the waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Intestinal infections that are transmitted by flies feeding on the waste. </li></ul>
  44. 46. <ul><li>Chronic diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Incineration operators are at risk of chronic respiratory diseases, including cancers resulting from exposure to dust and hazardous compounds. </li></ul>
  45. 47. <ul><li>Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Bone and muscle disorders resulting from the handling of heavy containers. </li></ul><ul><li>Infecting wounds resulting from contact with sharp objects. </li></ul>
  46. 48. <ul><li>* Burns and other injuries resulting from occupational accidents at waste disposal sites or from methane gas explosion at landfill sites. </li></ul><ul><li>* Poisoning and chemical burns resulting from contact with small amounts of hazardous chemical waste mixed with general waste. </li></ul>
  47. 49. Here are four disposal options . Disposal Option 1 Trash Can
  48. 50. Disposal Option 2 Recycle Bin
  49. 51. Disposal Option 3 Compost Bin
  50. 52. Disposal Option 4 Hazardous Waste Facility
  51. 53. DISPOSAL OF WASTE Open Dumps Refer to uncovered areas that are used to dump solid waste of all kinds. The waste is untreated, uncovered and not segregated. It is the breeding ground of flies, rats and insects that spread the disease
  52. 54. Land fills <ul><li>A pit that is dug into the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>A layer of soil is covered on top of the garbage. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the landfill is full it is the site thereafter that can be developed as a parking lot or park. </li></ul><ul><li>All types of waste is dumped that when water seeps in it gets contaminated and pollutes the area. </li></ul>
  53. 55. Incineration Plants The process of burning waste in large furnaces
  54. 56. Composting Oldest form of waste disposal
  55. 57. Help diffuse that &quot;Ticking Time Bomb&quot; outright!
  56. 58. What can we do as students?
  57. 59. dopt a stream, park or roadside to clean up and keep beautiful. ring your lunch to school in a lunch box with reusable containers are for toys so they will last longer. onate clothes that you have outgrown to a needy person or someone smaller than you. HOW YOU CAN HELP…
  58. 60. latten empty cans, boxes and other containers so they don't take up so much space et in the habit of turning off the water when you brush your teeth. Turn it on only to wet your brush and to rinse. elp save paper by always using both sides. ncourage others to join you in collecting glass, newspaper, cans and plastic containers to be recycled.
  59. 61. nsist on buying products in recyclable containers og, walk, skate or ride your bike from place to place to save energy. eep a jug of fresh water in the refrigerator so you won't have to run fresh water to get it cold. ook for the recycled symbol on products you buy
  60. 62. ake note pads from used pieces of scrap paper. ever litter. Always put your trash in a trash can and recyclables in their bins. pen the blinds in the winter to let in the sun for warmth. Close the blinds in the summer to keep out the warmth. lant a tree to stop soil erosion, give you shade and give birds a home
  61. 63. uit buying products that have a lot of packaging wrappings. educe the amount of water you use to keep clean. Take showers, not baths ave energy by asking your parents to turn down the thermostat. A few degrees will save a lot of energy. urn off lights if you are the last person to leave a room. Turn off appliances if you are not using them.
  62. 64. se products made to be used many times, such as sponges or cloth towels alue and appreciate the environment. Realize that you can make a difference, and be proud of your contribution. atch what you pour down the drain. Hazardous waste can get into ground water and pollute your drinking water. e amine labels before using products. Certain household cleaners can be dangerous.
  63. 65. earn to do what you can to help the environment. Grow up to be an adult who takes active interest in the future. ip to close doors and windows if they are opened when the heater or air conditioner is on.
  64. 66. <ul><li>Think </li></ul>BIG “ B asura I lain-lain ug G amiton pag-usab ! ” Envi-advisory from: EMB-DENR 7 (032) 3453905/3461647
  65. 67. Help diffuse that &quot;Ticking Time Bomb&quot; outright!
  67. 69. Children’s right to LIFE is a basic human right.
  68. 71. Let’s leave our children a living planet. Segregate and Compost. Reduce. Reuse. Recycle.