UC Nursing CESDEV Deworming

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UC Nursing CESDEV Deworming

  1. 3. Largest of the human intestinal parasite Lives and mature in the ileum and sometimes in the jejunum of the small intestine ascaris lumbricoides Often regarded as the parasite of children, but people of all ages may get infected depending on human habits.
  2. 4. Long, cylindrical and tapered towards both ends. Female worms are longer than the males.. CHARACTERISTICS
  3. 6. MODE OF TRANSMISSION
  4. 9. A. B. C. D.
  5. 11. HANDWASHING WITH SOAP AND WATER
  6. 12. Trichuris Trichiura
  7. 13. <ul><li>The life span of an adult Trichuris is up to 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>                                                                </li></ul>
  8. 14. <ul><li>measures 3-4.5 cm in length </li></ul><ul><li>posterior end is coiled 360º or more </li></ul><ul><li>measures 3.5-5 cm in length </li></ul><ul><li>posterior end is straight </li></ul><ul><li>female produces 2,000 to 7,000 eggs/day </li></ul>                     
  9. 16. <ul><li>Clinical Manifestations </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea 2. Pain in the right lower abdomen 3. Anemia secondary to blood loss at the site of attachment </li></ul><ul><li>of the trichuris to the intestine </li></ul><ul><li>Complications </li></ul><ul><li>1. Acute appendicitis results from the invasion by trichuris of the appendix 2. Prolapse of the rectum due to frequent loose bowel movement results in loss of muscle tone of the anal sphincter </li></ul>
  10. 17. HOOKWORM
  11. 18. Life Cycle of Hookworm
  12. 19. HEALTH PROBLEMS CAUSED BY INTESTINE WORM INFECTIONS
  13. 20. MALNUTRITION
  14. 21. DESTROYS TISSUES WHERE THEY LIVE
  15. 22. ANEMIA DIARRHEA INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION ULCER ABDOMINAL PAIN
  16. 23. IMPAIRED LEARNING SLOW COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT POOR SCHOOL PERFORMANCE DESTROY THE WELL-BEING AND LEARNING POTENTIAL OF THE CHILD
  17. 24. MOST AFFECTED GROUPS PRE-SCHOOLERS SCHOOL-AGE GROUP PREGNANT WOMEN
  18. 25. HELMINTHS DO NOT MULTIPLY IN NUMBER WITHIN AN INFECTED HOSTS. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HELMINTHS AND BACTERIA AND VIRUSES
  19. 26. Helminths accumulate gradually inside the host
  20. 27. Severity of the disease cause by helminths will depend on the number of worms inside the infected person.
  21. 28. LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS
  22. 29. Collection of Stool Specimen Because of the fragile nature of many intestinal parasites, and the need to maintain their morphology for accurate identification, reliable microscopic diagnosis depends on proper collection, handling, and preservation especially if the examination of stool specimen is to be done in a laboratory far from the place of collection.
  23. 30. How To get Started
  24. 31. 1. SELECTION OF A COMMUNITY
  25. 32. 2. Conduct campaign about the project
  26. 33. COMMUNITY SURVEY
  27. 34. COMMUNITY DIAGNOSIS
  28. 35. COMMUNITY HEALTH PLAN
  29. 36. War on Worms
  30. 37. <ul><li>I. Environmental Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Definition Environmental sanitation is the prevention and control of diseases by eliminating or controlling the environmental factors that may contribute to disease transmission. It is essential in the prevention of Intestinal infection in the community, in the promotion of the health and well being of the community, and in increasing awareness on the importance of environment in disease causation. </li></ul>
  31. 38. B. Excreta and Sewage Disposal Prevent contamination of drinking water supply sources Prevent the gross contamination of the soil surface and thereby minimize the spread of intestinal parasites
  32. 39. II. Food Sanitation
  33. 40. III. Water Supply Sanitation Adequate water supply is of utmost importance in the maintenance of the standard of cleanliness necessary to sustain the health of children in the community. It has been documented by various studies that inadequate supply of safe water plays an important role in the transmission of intestinal worms.
  34. 41.   IV. Personal Hygiene A. General considerations Handwashing is the single most important factor in controlling the transmission of helminthiasis. Washing of hands before meals and after contact with soil is a must if we have to control ascaris and trichuris in the community.
  35. 42. Drug treatment for those already infected. DEWORMING - or the delivery of safety drugs for the reduction of both the subtle and the overt morbidity that accompanies worm infection .
  36. 43. I E C
  37. 45. . Health education to encourage individuals to adopt behaviours to prevent their own infections, and others’, infection.
  38. 47. If you pour Coke on a slab of pork, wait a little while, you will SEE WORMS crawl out of it. A message from the Health Corporation of Singapore about the Bad effects of pork consumption. Pig's bodies contain MANY TOXINS, WORMS and LATENT DISEASES. Although some of these infestations are harboured in other animals, modern veterinarians say that pigs are far MORE PREDISPOSED to these illnesses than other animals. This could be because PIGS like to SCAVENGE and will eat ANY kind of food, INCLUDING dead insects, worms, rotting carcasses, excreta including their own, garbage, and other pigs. INFLUENZA (flu) is one of the MOST famous illnesses which pigs share with humans. This illness is haboured in the LUNGS of pigs during the summer months and tends to affect pigs and human in the cooler months.
  39. 48. Sausage contains bits of pigs' lungs, so those who EAT pork sausage tend to SUFFER MORE during EPIDEMICS of INFLUENZA. Pig meat contains EXCESSIVE quantities of HISTAMINE and IMIDAZOLE compounds, which can lead to ITCHING and INFLAMMATION; GROWTH HORMONE which PROMOTES INFLAMMATION and growth; sulphur containing mesenchymal mucus which leads to SWELLING and deposits of MUCUS in tendons and cartilage, resulting in ATHRITIS, RHEUMATISM, etc.
  40. 49. Eating pork can also lead to GALLSTONES and OBESITY, probably due to its HIGH CHOLESTEROL and SATURATED FAT content. The pig is the MAIN CARRIER of the TAENIE SOLIUM WORM, which is found in its flesh. These tapeworms are found in human intestines with greater frequency in nations where pigs are eaten. This type of tapeworm can pass through the intestines and affect many other organs, and is incurable once it reaches beyond a certain stage. One in six people in the US and Canada has TRICHINOSIS from eating trichina worms, which are found in pork. Many people have NO SYMPTOMS to warm them of this, and when they do, they resemble symptoms of many other illnesses. These worms are NOT noticed during meat inspections.
  41. 50. The day will come when nations will be judged not by their military or economic strength
  42. 51. nor by the splendor of their capital
  43. 52. cities and public buildings
  44. 53. but by the well-being of their peoples: by their levels of health, nutrition and education;
  45. 54. , by their opportunities to earn a fair reward for their labours; by their ability to participate in the decisions that affect their lives; by the respect that is shown for their civil and political liberties;
  46. 55. by the provision that is made for those who are vulnerable and disadvantaged;
  47. 56. , and by the protection that is afforded to the growing minds and bodies of their children .
  48. 57. Thank You !

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