UC Nursing CESDEV 2 Jj Kalunasan Swm

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UC Nursing CESDEV 2 Jj Kalunasan Swm

  1. 1. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT in Barangay Kalunasan, Cebu City OCTOBER 4, 2006 AHSE 2 JJ
  2. 2. <ul><li>As we check on our environment more and more rivers and streams are made as dumping sites. People tend to abuse and become lazy which are some contribution in destroying our once we call paradise. </li></ul><ul><li>As students, what can we do to help? Before answering the question let us first orient to the different kinds of garbage… Can we still use them? And the proper ways on throwing them… </li></ul>
  3. 3. FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WASTE PROBLEM <ul><li>Population growth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Public indifference </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Changing lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption pattern </li></ul>
  4. 4. undetermined Glass bottles one million years? Plastic bags 100–500 years Tin, aluminium, and other metal items such as cans 1 year Woolen items 10–15 years Wood 2–5 months Cotton cloth 10–30 days Paper a week or two. Organic waste such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover foodstuff, etc. Approximate time it takes to degenerate the litter Type of litter The type of litter we generate and the approximate time it takes to degenerate
  5. 5. TYPES OF SOLID WASTES Municipal Waste Consist of household waste, construction waste, demolition debris, sanitation residue and waste from streets.
  6. 6. Hospital or Biomedical or Infectious waste <ul><li>Sharps, solid wastes, human excreta, disposable wastes, anatomical wastes, discarded medicines etc., disposable, syringe, swabs, bandages, body fluids etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Industrial or Hazardous Wastes <ul><li>Household wastes – Old batteries, shoe polish, paint tins old medicine bottles </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital wastes – formaldehyde and phenois, mercury </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Sector – metal, chemical, paper, pesticide, dye, refining and rubber good industries. </li></ul>
  8. 8. MANAGING WASTES <ul><li>SEGREGATION </li></ul>
  9. 9. BIODEGRADABLE <ul><li>Include organic wastes e.g. vegetables, kitchen wastes, fruits, flowers, leaves from the garden and paper. </li></ul>
  10. 10. NON-BIODEGRADABLE <ul><li>Recyclable Waste – plastics, paper, glass, metal etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic Waste – old medicines, bulbs, paints, chemicals, spray cans, fertilizers, pesticide containers, shoe polish, batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Soiled – hospital cloth soiled with blood and body fluids </li></ul>
  11. 11. Laws and Ordinance
  12. 12. <ul><li>AN ACT PROVIDING FOR AN ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, CREATING THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND INCENTIVES, DECLARING CERTAIN ACTS PROHIBITED AND PROVIDING PENALTIES, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. </li></ul>Solid Waste Management Act (RA 9003)
  13. 13. <ul><li>An Act providing for a comprehensive air pollution control policy and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: </li></ul>Clean Air Act (RA 8794)
  14. 14. AN ACT TO CONTROL TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND HAZARDOUS AND NUCLEAR WASTES PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS THEREOF, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 (R.A. 6969)
  15. 15. <ul><li>WHEREAS, the individual and, at times, conflicting demands of population growth, urbanization, industrial expansion, rapid natural resources utilization and increasing technological advances have resulted in a piece meal approach concept of environmental protection; </li></ul><ul><li>WHEREAS, such tunnel-vision concept is not conducive to the attainment of an ideal environmental situation where man and nature can thrive in harmony with one another; and </li></ul><ul><li>WHEREAS, there is now an urgent need to formulate an intensive, integrated program of environmental protection that will bring about a concerted effort towards the protection of the entire spectrum of the environment through a requirement of environmental impact assessments and statements </li></ul>PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1151 [PHILIPPINE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY]
  16. 16. <ul><li>These rules and regulations shall take effect after fifteen (15) days from date of publication in the official gazette or a newspaper of general circulation. Approved on this _____ day of ______________ nineteen hundred and ninety eight, Manila, Philippines. </li></ul>IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OF CHAPTER XVIII - “REFUSE DISPOSAL” OF THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES ( P.D. 856)
  17. 17. 3R’s OF ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
  18. 18. R E D U C E <ul><li>Waste prevention, or &quot;source reduction,&quot; means consuming and throwing away less. It includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>purchasing durable, long-lasting goods; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seeking products and packaging that are as free of toxics as possible; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>redesigning products to use less raw material in production, have a longer life, or be used again after its original use. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Source reduction actually prevents the generation of waste in the first place, so it is the most preferred method of waste management and goes a long way toward protecting the environment </li></ul>
  19. 19. R E U S E <ul><li>Reusing items -- by repairing them, donating them to charity and community groups, or selling them -- also reduces waste. Reusing products, when possible, is even better than recycling because the item does not need to be reprocessed before it can be used again. </li></ul>
  20. 20. R E C Y C L E <ul><li>Recycling turns materials that would otherwise become waste into valuable resources. In addition, it generates a host of environmental, financial, and social benefits. Materials like glass, metal, plastics, and paper are collected, separated and sent to facilities that can process them into new materials or products . Recycling is one of the best environmental success stories of the late 20th century. Recycling, including composting , diverted 72 million tons of material away from landfills and incinerators in 2003, up from 34 million tons in 1990. By 2002, almost 9,000 curbside collection programs served roughly half of the American population. Curbside programs, along with drop-off and buy-back centers, resulted in a diversion of about 30 percent of the nation's solid waste in 2001. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Benefits of Recycling <ul><li>Conserves resources for our children's future. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents emissions of many greenhouse gases and water pollutants. </li></ul><ul><li>Saves energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplies valuable raw materials to industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulates the development of greener technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the need for new landfills and incinerators. </li></ul>
  22. 22. C O M P O S T I N G <ul><li>Another form of recycling is composting. Composting is the controlled biological decomposition of organic matter, such as food and yard wastes, into humus, a soil-like material. Composting is nature's way of recycling organic waste into new soil, which can be used in vegetable and flower gardens, landscaping, and many other applications. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Benefits of Composting <ul><li>Keeps organic wastes out of landfills. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides nutrients to the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases beneficial soil organisms (e.g., worms amd centipedes). </li></ul><ul><li>Suppresses certain plant diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the need for fertilizers and pesticides. </li></ul><ul><li>Protects soils from erosion. </li></ul><ul><li>Assists pollution remediation. </li></ul>
  24. 24. D I S P O S A L O P T I O N TRASH CAN RECYCLE BIN COMPOST BIN HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITY
  25. 25. What can we do as students?
  26. 26. We can help by… <ul><li>A ssess our own community on solid waste management. </li></ul><ul><li>B uy things that are only needed </li></ul><ul><li>C are to check waste that can still be used </li></ul><ul><li>D onate things specifically clothes that can still be used to the needy. </li></ul><ul><li>E ncourage people in our community to segregate garbages. </li></ul><ul><li>F acilitate on seminars in the community </li></ul><ul><li>G et the habit of helping the community clean </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>H elp our neighbor in cleaning and segregating their garbage. </li></ul><ul><li>I nsist on buying things that can be recycled </li></ul><ul><li>J am with the youth, they are good source of relaying message to the community about the proper waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>K eep our area clean </li></ul><ul><li>L earn to recycle things </li></ul><ul><li>M ake our place a healthy place to live </li></ul><ul><li>N ever litter… Put trash on the proper place, the trash can. </li></ul><ul><li>O pen doors to new ideas on how to keep our place clean </li></ul><ul><li>P lace the proper trash on the proper segregation </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Q uit buying things that are not needed </li></ul><ul><li>R educe, reuse and recycle </li></ul><ul><li>S ave energy and money by not buying unnecessary things </li></ul><ul><li>T eam up a people in the community to help in aiding the households </li></ul><ul><li>U se those things that can still be used </li></ul><ul><li>V alue our environment </li></ul><ul><li>W atch and learn from the teaching in the school </li></ul><ul><li>X- amine product that we are about to purchase if we really need them </li></ul><ul><li>Y earn to do what do in our community and environment </li></ul><ul><li>Z ero visibility on improperly disposed trash. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Conducting household seminars on solid waste management.
  30. 30. Offering Blood Pressure check-up to assess health in the barangay.
  31. 31. Discussing the importance of proper disposal of garbage and asking what are their concerns in the community.
  32. 32. LET US HELP MAKE A DIFFERENCE HELP SAVE OUR ENVIRONMENT The Future of these children lies in our hands… START SEGREGATING YOUR GARBAGE NOW…

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