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Master thesis presentation 2011.12.21

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Master thesis presentation 2011.12.21

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Master thesis presentation 2011.12.21

  1. 1. Demand Design through Limits Piacenza city area designRELATOREPROF. MASSIMO TADICO-RELATOREPROF. GABRIELE MASERAPROF. DANILO PALAZZO Presented by: ABDUXUKUR . ZAYIT ( Uyghur ) 751975
  2. 2. CHAPTER AINTRODUCTION CHOOSING THE PROJECT
  3. 3. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Choosing A Project | Scope |  Site Relevance/Proximity  From landscape to exterior design An international summer school  The school is open to young final year, graduate and doctoral students from Italian and foreign Architecture;  The relationship among three project sites and urban settlement rules. Area competition for Summer school
  4. 4. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Choosing A Project | Scope | The area for our study case is located on the northern edge of the Roman cast rum, area 1 ; BETWEEN THE CITY AND THE RIVER
  5. 5. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Choosing A Project | Scope |  Landscape design - Rediscover with the Po itself & Improve the landscape of the involved area;  Open Space - Requalification of the ‘ex sports field’ area  Public space face to the Palazzo Farnse as new open space integrated with the different public functions and collective  Housing A Housing involves: - culture -economy - Society -functionality - social life -spatial quality - urban development -aesthetics - environment  Challenging - The density of the infrastructure (constraint) - The risk of flood - Further development of the methodology is needed in order to address correctly the External Losts of visual impact, but that those impact cannot be neglected especially when considering local effects.
  6. 6. CHAPTER BURBAN DESIGN
  7. 7. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |  Global
  8. 8. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |  National ITALY Piacenza  INTRODUCTION Emilia–Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. The capital is Bologna; it has an area of 20,124 km² and about 4.3 million inhabitants. •CITY The city is situated on the right of the Po, near its junction with the Trebbia, in an important strategic position. Agriculture is the chief industry. The cathedral is of the ninth century; it was remodeled by Santa da Sambuceto and others (1122-1223) in beautiful Lombard style.
  9. 9. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |  Regional ITALY Emilia–Romagna  Repeated under the bearing location on the railway line Milan-Bologna and Turin on the cross- Brescia, a rail hub of national and International importance.
  10. 10. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |  The earliest urban settlement may be traced back to the year 218 B.C. ITALY  The Romans had planned to construct them after the successful conclusion of the latest war with the Gauls ending in 219 BC.  In the 13th century, despite unsuccessful wars against Emperor Federick II, Piacenza managed to gain strongholds on the Lombardy shore of the Po River.  During the Middle Ages the town was ravaged quite a few times, fell under the power of the Germanic invaders and suffered the effects of the war between the Goths and the troops of the Eastern Roman Empire. After being under the rule of Ostrogoths and Byzantines, Piacenza became the administrative center of a Longobard dukedom, but its true recovery started in the ninth century, under the Franks.  Piacenza paid a high toll for its remarkable participation in the two World Wars The beginning of the post-war period for the town. (28 April 1945)
  11. 11. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives | Urban development of Piacenza: Sequence of historical maps Roman City Medieval City 1500 1435 1600 1821 2010 1908
  12. 12. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |  2589 square kilometers and is located in the north west of Emilia Romagna, south of the river Po.  The average family size is 2.31 102,268 95,594 103,206  23% of the population have a qualification higher than that of the obligatory school diploma and 3% 2011 have a university degree. 2001  Foreign Population for altitude… hill mountain plane P n ra ia u : 2 .6 7 5 6 Males- 49,217 life events: born- 870 Females- 53,989 death-1,247 Sum – 103,206 wedding-219 C llin : o a Foreign- 17,165 ( childern-3825) 9 8 .5 3 • Employment rate is 49.4% Mn g a o ta n : 930 • Unemployment rate stands at 5.1%
  13. 13. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |On a street viewPiacenza is the intersection of theA1 (Milan-Naples) and A21 (Turin-Brescia). Pan-European Corridors Middle Padania Plain node
  14. 14. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |
  15. 15. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |Built up space-density and rarefaction Open Space System Strong Areas Qualitative
  16. 16. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives | Public Space integration and settlement of the railway system system of urban green spaces connected to the main roads and sliding Highway system Inter urban system Urban Traffic flow Interquater system District system Pedestrian and cycleMobility System paths
  17. 17. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |Site Visit
  18. 18. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |Site Visit
  19. 19. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Location | History | Population | Infrastructure | Site Analysis | Site Visits | S.W.O.T. | Goals and Objectives |Strengths: Weaknesses: Presence of unlimited green area  Between the banks of the Po river and road Different level of land without adequate urban quality. Presence of historical city area  Connection of river with city  Lacking of pedestrians  High density of infrastructure S W Opportunities: O T  Develop Po river bank; Threats:  Po-river can create transformation  Huge potential for the city, exploitable in many  In between(Po river and city) ways (spaces and public places but also new Development residential areas).  Transportation connections with the other  Relationship between city and the river part of the city  Development for the public local events  Flood risks  Development of Public Spaces  Political risks
  20. 20. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Ecosystem Landscape Creation Habitat creation Climate Change mitigation andadaptation Resilience Physical benefitsOPEN PARK IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN/BLUE INFRASTRUCTURES Landscape Bike Green Water 1 2 3 4 Sports Restoration Of on Activiti Nitrogen Focusing Water The Entire quality River es Cycle Morphology SOCIAL NETWORK LINKING DIFFERENT AREAS
  21. 21. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Concept plan 1
  22. 22. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Concept plan 2
  23. 23. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis |  Using existing slope landscape Area to create riverfront recreational spots;  Create small Bars Create water sports facilities (mainly summer) to connect the existing sports field…  Bars & restaurants to serve Piacenza night orDesign weekend life...
  24. 24. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis |Design
  25. 25. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis |Design
  26. 26. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model |
  27. 27. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model | M A S T E R P L A N
  28. 28. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model | Open Park Library Cultural Center Palazzo Farnese Mixed UseCommercial, Office, Social House…etc. Master Plan
  29. 29. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model |
  30. 30. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model | Sight Corridor Sight Corridor
  31. 31. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model | F. Area Ground T. Architecture Area Architectural Usage/Character (Sq m) Floor area Area Ratio Underground Height A Library 4490 3319 19914 4.4 yes 22.50m B Cultural Center 2438 1951 7804 3.2 yes 18.00m C Commercial 16147 12468 49872 3.1 no varies D Residential 4825 3522 21132 4.4 no 15.00m E Public space 14282 F Mixed use 7972 5709 22836 2.9 yes Varies Total 50154 26969 121558 3.6Detailed area allocation for different functions
  32. 32. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Preliminary Thoughts| Analysis and Proposal | Master Plan | Master Plan Analysis | Views & Model |
  33. 33. CHAPTER BARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
  34. 34. Introduction Urban Design’’ Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |Why Library ?  General Libraries General libraries are centralized facilities Piacenza needs library Connections that serve the whole community and its People of Piacenza population. General libraries are the most common type of library facilities and programs. These facilities offer information, materials, collections, and services similar Farnese to general public libraries found in most communities and schools.  Academic Libraries  Technical Libraries Dante, Piacenza  Legal Libraries  Medical Libraries Academic, technical, legal, and medical libraries feature specialized content regarding a unique program.Biblioteca Passerini Landi,Piacenza. Children
  35. 35. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |Public Library Kelsterbach, Germany Public library in Pontivy, France Surry Hills Library, Australia
  36. 36. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | Circulation Overall Meeting place for citizen Resource center for all ages Climate adaptive building and energy adaptive building Public transportation net system Opportunity for a better evaluation growth Lighting Urban Context Skin Connections
  37. 37. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |  The concept for Piacenza library is to create a learning and information centre of excellence to promote long life learning, engendering social inclusion and raising inspiration for the whole community.  The connections of the building with two green spaces, one is on east connected to the building through faç and the ade other one is strongly connected with the building itself.
  38. 38. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | MASTER PLAN
  39. 39. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | BASMENT PLAN
  40. 40. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |GROUND FLOOR PLAN
  41. 41. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |FIRST FLOOR PLAN
  42. 42. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |SECOND FLOOR PLAN
  43. 43. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | THIRD FLOOR PLAN
  44. 44. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals |FORTH FLOOR PLAN
  45. 45. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | SOUTH EAST ELEVATION SOUTHWEST ELEVATION
  46. 46. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | A – A Section B – B Section
  47. 47. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Library Types |Library Examples| Project Requirements |Design Sketches | Drawings | Visuals | C – C Section
  48. 48. CHAPTER CSTRUCTURE DESIGN
  49. 49. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design |  According to the properties of this project, we pursue the following goals: EN 1991 Eurocode 1 : Actions on structures  Structural design should be precise, secure, high EN 1992 Eurocode 2 : Design of concrete structures technology, economic, ensure quality, environment EN 1994 Eurocode 3 : Design of composite steel and friendly; concrete structures  Structural design should consider local technology condition and materials availability;  Ensure the quality of project and security, actively use new structure and technology, material; the material used should be helpful to save money and high speed and short time of construction;  For the selection of the structure, primarily consider lowering weight of the structure; reduce section, and  structural design should be convenient to protect and maintenance;  Structural design should be consider flexibility of architecture and usage;
  50. 50. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design | The building floor height is 4.5 and total height of the building is 22.5m.In building we provided two shear walls opposite direction to each other and here we provided the structure of the building and applied load combinations COMBO1 1.35DL+1.35SDL COMBO2 1.35DL+1.35SDL+1.5LL COMBO3 1.35DL+1.35LL+1.35SDL+1.35WLX COMBO4 1.35DL+1.35LL+1.35SDL+(-1.35)WLX COMBO5 1.35DL+1.35LL+1.35SDL+1.35WLY COMBO6 1.35DL+1.35LL+1.35SDL+(-1.35)WLY
  51. 51. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design |Slab  Flexible  Relatively light, therefore less foundation costs and longer spans are economic  Speed of construction  Fairly slim floor depths  Robustness  Excellent vibration control  Thermal mass  Good for services Area Reinforcement integration  Durable finishes  Fire resistance
  52. 52. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design |Beams Ultimate Limit State verification BendingSections and corresponding bending moment Serviceability Limit States checkPre-dimensioning of longitudinal reinforcement
  53. 53. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design |Columns and Footing Dimension of longitudinal reinforcement Limit States verifications
  54. 54. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Approach | Analysis |Design |  The axial load at the bottom of the column considered is 1800 KN.  Assuming a rectangular plinth, whose dimensions are (a x b x h) = 3.4x3.2x0.8 m the self-weight due to the foundation is  Gplinth = (3.4· 0.8)3.2· m3· kN/m3 = 217.6 kN 25
  55. 55. CHAPTER DTECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN
  56. 56. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting | Average temperature- 24.7C Analysis for ClimateAverage maximum temperature- 31.2  Weather dataMinimum temperatures average- -1.8  Comfort modelRelative humidity- 55% to 82%  Radiation RangeAtmospheric pressure- 1006 to 1013 (Hpa)  Monthly DiurnalPrevailing winds- East  Ground Tempt. Average speed- 4.3 to 8.5%  Relative humidityDays with fog- Average 32 days per yearDays of rain- Spring and Autumn  PsychometricPrecipitation- 6.4 to 167.4 mm chartGlobal radiation- 165 (W/mq ) Climate Consultant Radiation Range
  57. 57. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting | Why do we need to redefine the common concept  Examples of definitions for lowof construction industry? Why do we need to rethink of green Construction? energy building standards What are people expectations in the future?  Renewable Energy gross production Is there a symbiotic relationship between material,function and aesthetic? trend Which technologies will move into future?  Comparison between total and renewable energy electricity gross production  Towards Positive Energy A Towards Positive Energy (TPE) is a  Energy Trends building with greatly reduced energy needs through efficiency gains such that the balance of Different scopes, calculation methods and energy needs can be norms for low energy and passive houses in supplied with renewable technologies selected countries
  58. 58. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |Design PathwaysThermal envelopeSustainable site (Facilitate access torenewable energy)Architectural designExteriorElectric demandWater consumption Basic flow chart of towards positive energy
  59. 59. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting | U -Values 2500.00 Roof 0.23 W/m2 K 2000.00 Vertical Enclosure 0.09 W/m2K 1500.00 Wall Transparent 0.31 W/m2K Ps 1000.00 Pv 500.00 0.00Roof 0.00 1.20 6.20 16.20 26.20 30.20 38.20 46.70 46.70 Glazier Diagram of Green roof 2500.0 2000.0 1500.0 P 1000.0 s 500.0 0.0Vertical Enclosure Wall transparent Glazier Diagram of wall vertical Enclosure
  60. 60. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |Building data for Winter Mean U value: 0.32 W/(m² K) Specific transmission losses: 3532.8 W/K Specific ventilation losses: 7705.6 W/K Sum specific losses: 11238.4 W/K Thermal inertia: 84.0 hours Maximum heating load: 346.0 kW Maximum specific heating load: 36.0 W/m² Maximum cooling load: 469.4 kW Maximum specific cooling load: 48.9 W/m² Limit temperature for heating: 17.5°C Heat energy demand in kWh/m² __________________________________ Energy Flow Diagram for heating January 9.3 February 6.4 March 2.6 April 0.5 October 0.4 November 5.7 December 9.4 __________________________________ Yearly sum 34.3
  61. 61. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |Building data for Summer Mean U value: 0.32 W/(m² K) Specific transmission losses: 3532.8 W/K Specific ventilation losses: 11008.0 W/K Sum specific losses: 14540.8 W/K Thermal inertia: 64.9 hours Maximum heating load: 456.8 kW Maximum specific heating load: 47.6 W/m² Maximum cooling load: 458.8 kW Maximum specific cooling load: 47.8 W/m² Limit temperature for heating: 18.1°C Cooling demand in kWh/m² _____________________________ April 0.1 Energy Flow Diagram for cooling May 1.1 June 2.2 July 4.9 August 4.2 September 1.8 October 0.3 _____________________________ Yearly sum 14.6
  62. 62. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |LightingSun ray in summer A- A section Sun ray in summer C - C section ECOTECT ANALYSISSun ray in winter A - A section Sun ray in winter C - C section
  63. 63. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |
  64. 64. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |Child’s reading Area: Avg. DF value: 16.21% Audio & Video Collection: Avg.DF Value. 10.46%New Book Exhibition & news paper: Avg. DF Value. 13.28% Open Reading Area: Avg.DF Value. 18.70%
  65. 65. Introduction Urban Design Architecture Structure Design Technology Views| Climate | Concept | Energy needs | Lighting |Shadow view 2PM on 21st of December 12PM 1PM10AM 11AM 2PM 3PM
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  82. 82. THE END THANKSA successful design comes from communication and interaction … !

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