Karolina Maliszewska: European Partnership bridging the way from EU policies to local climate work - Perspectives from Poland
European Partnership bridging the wayfrom EU policies to local climate work- Perspectives from PolandKarolina Maliszewska - Sendzimir Foundation
Sendzimir Foundation• We are a knowledge brokering organisation.• We promote local, national and international initiatives that enhance the quality of life with respect to natural balance and rational use of natural resources.• We attach particular importance to building sustainable relationships with public institutions, societies, business and other projects participants, that are based on profound partnership in project implementation.
Sendzimir Foundation &sustainable communities Summer Academy for sustainability professionals in Poland (yearly, intensive course since 1998) agents of change – implementing sustainability in local communities and business. Ecosystem services for sustainable development of cities – increasing awareness of policy makers about the importance of ecosystem services in Polish cities; popularizing good practices of their use for sustainable urban development.
CONTENTS1. Introduction2. European policy, climate change and integrated management3. Challenges in front of European cities – perspective from Poland4. Benefits of European Partnership for integrated management promotion in Poland
’Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.’ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
INTRODUCTION IntroductionIntegrated management and capacity building a way to deal with uncertainty related to climate change The shifts can be Natural Integrated unexpected systems approach dynamics (learning Abrupt changes cycle) have to be taken into account Understanding of the Continuous functioning of Predictions based on models can be capacity natural systems building not adequate
’It is widely recognised that the most successful local authorities use integrated approaches to manage the urban environment by adopting long-term and strategic action plans’ Thematic Strategy on the Urban EnvironmentSeveral supporting However:initiatives: City governments are free European Green Capital to apply integrated Covenant of Mayors management, no penalties for failing to do that Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities Lack of clear explanation what is expected under integrated Urban dimension in Cohesion approach Policy No common standards
EU Climate Policy Goals on the national level (3x20) need implementation on the local level Cities (inhabitants) responsible for big part of emissions Cities very vulnerable to change Cities can be most efficient in implementing the climate policy goals, for example: • District heating efficiency (local issue) • Renewable energy (local issues) • Local governments can be most effective in dissipation of energy sources
Challenges – main aspects• Polish cities – very dynamic changes (since 90’)• Main challenges (public services): QUALITY OF LIFE – Public transportation – Road infrastructure – Waste management HUMAN CAPITAL – Energy and economic security – Social aid CITY ATTRACTIVNESS – Revitalisation of old districts, post industrial and post-military areas Source: Raport o Stanie Miast, czesc I, Wspolnota, no 36/990, September 2010
Climate policycontext Lack of common policies related to energy and climate change in Polish cities: Revitalisation - Low energy efficiency of buildings - Revitalisation of river banks with no climate change risk consideration or important ecosystem services - Growing surface impermeability Transport development Poland urgently needs a shift in attitude towards climate change mitigation and adaptation Cohesion Policy - a chance not to be wasted!
Challenges– tools and practices • Lack of monitoring and sustainability indicators • No priority for climate change mitigation and adaptation • Lack of participation and democracy deficit • No long-term perspective and visioning practices in place • Poor knowledge and good practice sharing between the cities
Integratedmanagement in cities• The sectoral policies are • Decision makers are not not integrated aware of the benefits of – Different assumptions IMS (often no baseline • No educational programs review), different available in Poland timescales • ’Crisis’ public budget, need – Side effects of actions for effectiveness in taken on other policies spending public money• No long-term visions and • Not to repeat the mistakes strategic planning of more developed countries
Sendzimir Foundation& the European Partnership Knowledge brokering organisation take the role of Change Agents (helping innovations to get adapted)• When a new idea is Number SUCCESSFUL of People introduced, initially the Adopting adoption is slow. the Innovation• “Change Agents” convince “Early Adopters” to try it, approve it, use it, etc.• After reaching 15-20% of a target group, the innovation reaches “take- Takeoff off” and spreads quickly, as the number of adopters UNSUCCESSFUL multiplies. Time AtKisson Group materials; Source: Adapted from Everett Rogers, “Diffusion of Innovations,” 1962, Revised 1995, 2003, Free Press
Sendzimir Foundation& the European Partnership Integrated Management System is an innovation that needs to takeoff! Promoting IMS taking into account 5 critical characteristics of a ’good’ innovation (E. Rogers, Diffusion of Innovations)
5 Critical EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIPCharacteristics for integrated sustainability management • needs support and recognition on the political level both Relative regionally and on the European level stronger benefits advantage for the cities • Credibility and power of the network is an advantage • It is a complex and difficult process, a lot of support needs to be available to cities Complexity • Capacity Development Package (CDP) adresses the complexity Trialability • CDP has a strong accent on practical applications • Thanks to the European Partnership the cities can observeObservability others taking the challange of implementing IMS • EP a platform to share knowledge and experience • CDP is compatible with cities management since it wasCompatibility developed with the experience of MUE-25
’Every accomplishment starts withthe decision to try.’Author Unknown Thank you Karolina Maliszewska Sendzimir Foundation www.sendzimir.org.pl/en www.localmanagement.eu