Baltic Cities Environmental bulletin 1/2013


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In this edition the focus is Sustainable Urban Mobility. Our region has several good examples of how we can reduce the use of fossil fuels within sustainable urban mobility systems and create liveable cities. The Bulletin both provides examples of technical solutions and innovative campaigns from the UBC member-cities as well as displaying several externally co-funded mobility projects that covers a series of cities around the Baltic Sea Region.

In the editorial Mr Siim Kallas, EU Commissioner on transport and vice president for the EU Commission, stresses the importance of acknowledging also the economic benefits of developing sustainable urban mobility systems. He further on emphasise the necessity to stimulate markets that foster sustainable mobility supplies and the unpredictable future of fossil fuel as the dominant source for our vehicle fleets.

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Baltic Cities Environmental bulletin 1/2013

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTALwww.ubc-environment.netbulletin No 1, 2013BalticCitiesFocus: Free publictransport in TallinnInnovative cyclinginitiatives in the BalticSea Region page 9 and 12
  2. 2. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/132ENVIRONMENT 1/2013BALTICCITIESEDITORIALClean fuels for the future: Powering Europeantransport to stay competitiveTransport is the largest oil consumer of all economic sectors inthe EU - the road sector most of all. We know oil will most likelybe more expensive to import in the future. So it makes sense todevelop and promote innova ve and cleaner alterna ves.It is also an obvious way to make Europe’s economy more re-source-efficient. Fuels such as electricity, hydrogen, naturalgas, biogas and liquid biofuels can help in the diversifica on ofEurope’s dependency on one type of fuel and significantly cuttransport’s carbon emissions. Energy-efficient technologies alsooffer EU companies a large commercial opportunity.Alterna ve fuels already exist, and in many cases the technologyis mature enough for market deployment. But there is s ll a gapbetween successful demonstra on projects and deployment inthe real market, which the private sector does not yet bridge.Their full-scale deployment has been held back by the high retailcost of such vehicles, low levels of consumer acceptance and alack of infrastructure for recharging and refuelling.Today, Europe’s network to supply electricity, hydrogen andnatural gas for transport is simply not sufficient to enable mar-ket take-up, which is why I am proposing a comprehensive long-term strategy for alterna ve fuels.The idea is to provide a reliable legal environment to s mulateprivate investment in a new market. To create EU-wide condi-ons to boost customer acceptance, we need to set targets tobuild the necessary infrastructure and make it compa ble eve-rywhere.The largest barrier to accelera ng the build-up of future trans-port fuels is uncertain demands from manufacturers, investorsand consumers. It is now me to give clear signals to all of themby crea ng condi ons to get these fuels and vehicles properly onthe EU market. The projects from the Bal c Sea Region shown inthis bulle n are thus crucial in order to show stakeholders, rang-ing from the vehicle manufacturers to consumers that the futureof mobility does not depend on fossil fuels.UBC member cities (as of May 2013)Aalborg • Aarhus •Arendal • Bergen • Botkyrka • Chojnice • Cēsis • Elbląg • Elva • Espoo • Falun • Gargzdai • Gdańsk • Gdańsk• Gdynia• Greifswald • Guldborgsund • Gävle • Haapsalu • Halmstad • Helsinki • Jelgava • Jurmala • Jyväskylä • Jõgeva • Jõhvi• Jēkabpils• Kaliningrad • Kalmar • Karlskrona • Karlstad • Kaunas • Keila • Kemi • Kiel • Klaipėda • Kolding • Koszalin • Kotka• Kristiansand• Kristianstad • Krynica • Kuressaare • Kärdla • Køge • Lahti • Łeba • Liepāja • Linköping • Luleå • Lübeck •Maardu • Malbork• Malmö • Mariehamn • Międzyzdroje • Morska • Nacka • Narva • Norrtälje • Næstved • Oskarshamn • Paide• Palanga • Paldiski• Panevėžys • St Petersburg • Pori • Porvoo • Pruszcz • Pärnu • Rakvere • Reda • Riga • Robertsfors •Rostock • Siauliai • Sillamäe• Sopot • Sundsvall • Szczecin • Söderhamn • Słupsk • Tallinn • Tampere • Tartu • Tierp • Trelleborg• Tukums • Turku • Umeå • Ustka• Vaasa • Viljandi • Vilnius • Visby • Vordingborg • Västervik • Växjö • Võru • Wismar • ÖrebroMr Siim KallasEuropean Commissioner for Transport & Vice-presidentfor the European Commission©PhotographicserviceoftheCounciloftheEUEuropeanUnion
  3. 3. 320-21 Clean Water and EnergyEfficiencyUBC Energy Commission2 Clean fuels for the future: poweringEuropean transport to stay competitive–Editorial by Siim Kallas, Vice president ofthe European Commission4 Exploring avenues towards sustainableurban mobility solutions5 UBC Joint meeting in Tallinn 10-12 April7 Zero-fare public transport in Tallinnand beyond8 Quest supports cities towardssustainable urban transport and mobility10 CIVITAS DYN@MO promotessustainable mobility in cities11 Trolleybus - innovative mode ofsustainable urban transport14 Mobilizing commitment to addresswater resources management in Belarus18 Triple helix actors join forces forCentral Baltic maritime clusterUBC EnvCom Member citiesEditorial informa onBal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/2013 is published by the Union of the Bal c Ci es Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentSecretariat. Chief-Editor:Jeppe Mikel Jensen ( Address: Union of the Bal c Ci es Environment and SustainableDevelopment Secretariat, Bal c Sea House, Vanha Suurtori 7, FIN-20500 Turku, FINLAND, Tel: +358 2 262 3171, Fax: +358 2 262 3425More informa on: ISSN 1455-0903Cover photo: Per Lundberg Layout: Moira ÅkermanPrin ng house: Newprint Oy, in May 2013 on 100 % recycled paper.ENVIRONMENT1/2013BALTICCITIESCONTENTS6 Free public transport - Tallinn greeninitiative9 Sustainable travel provides health,economic and environmental benefits inHalmstad12 Innovative Bike Lanes in Örebro13 Tartu is heading for developingsustainable city transport15 Umeå: One year challenge -MAX50016 Steps towards Sustainable Transportin Panevėžys17 Shared mobility approachesGreifswald19 Malmö demonstrates a sustainablebiogas system24 Active Passengers in Klaipeda -Sustainability Friends25 Electric bicycles tested foremployees and inhabitants in Växjö26 Short NewsNew Baltic Cities EnvironmentalBulletin Format and New website forUBC Commission on Environment22 Mutual interest and trust in the heartof cooperation23 We act for the Baltic Sea - do you?
  4. 4. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/134Exploring avenues towardssustainable urban mobilitysolutionsIn our current pursuits to improve the quality of life in our cities, urban planners often turn tothe urban transport infrastructure for improvements of the life in the city. Urban planners arewise to take it into consideration since it is not unusual that the total sum of land dedicatedto transport exceeds the quantity of land dedicated to buildings in modern cities. Again,Los Angeles is representing the worst-case scenario with more than 60 % of the urban landdedicated transport facilities such as road and parking. This space is primarily used up formotorized transport and therefore excludes social activities that have proven to be vital for agood urban life. At the same time private motorized transport also has a negative effect on ourenvironment, social cohesion, the urban economy and the general health of urban citizens.Text: Jeppe Mikel Jensen Photos: Jeppe Mikel JensenThere are clear environmental, social and economic incen vesfor increasing sustainability within the urban transport sectorand is therefore also high on poli cal agendas in ci es, regionsand na ons.The efficient and sustainable solu onsThere are several opportuni es to improve mobility for our fel-low urban ci zens and adhere to all three aspects of sustain-ability. It is therefore not a one-size-fits-all solu on to alleviatethe current fossil fuel dependency, which is s ll the case in themajority of our ci es today. The entry points for more sustain-able urban mobility are o en a combina on of the five overallmeasures shown below.In brief:►Environmental sustainable transportrequires a lowering of the CO2emission for every kilometer travelled►Social sustainable transport requiresaccess to travel for all segments ofsociety►Economic sustainable transportrequires economically viableinfrastructure investmentsEntry points for increasing sustainability within the transportsector.1. Implemen ng regulatory framework and mobilitymanagement for integrated service solu ons2. Linking transport and urban planning for shortened distances3. Establishing effec ve public transport systems4. Expanding non-motorized transport infrastructure5. Facilita ng more efficient vehicle and fuel technologyThe Bal c Sea Region has a vast variety of sustainable mobilitysolu ons and UBC member-ci es are o en highlighted interna-onally for their innova ve and sustainable solu ons. Acrossthe region we see good examples of how sustain-able measures are adapted to suit the physical aswell as the poli cal landscape in our ci es. Thisbulle n provides several good examples of how wecan mix and match sustainable mobility measuresfor a more sustainable mobility. Since the start of2013 one member-city has especially drawn in-terna onal a en on in their efforts towards sus-tainable transport. Their measures are manifold;however, their specific focus is on establishing aneffec ve public transport system. At the start ofthe year the city of Tallinn, Estonia, made all publictransport free for its ci zens, a bold poli cal deci-sion that has a racted a lot of interest in the Bal cSea Region and beyond, which is also highlightedin this bulle n.4
  5. 5. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 5Text: Jeppe MIkel Jensen Photos: Jeppe Mikel Jensen and Eva HjälmeredMore informa on:Jeppe Mikel Jensen, Communica on and Network ManagerUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment Secretariatjeppe.jensen@ubc.netwww.ubc-environment.netUBC Joint meeting in Tallinn10-12 April - Saving energy and the environmentthrough sustainable transport solutionsSeveral topics were embraced and questioned at the Joint Commission meeting in Tallinn,including optimizing cycling, public transport and maritime under the overall theme ofsustainable transport in the Baltic Sea Region. More than 100 stakeholders from 11 countriesdiscussed this increasingly important topic.The great variety of planning tradi on from the region was ondisplay in Tallinn, where it was made clear that there is not on-ly one but several ways to succeed in planning for sustainabletransport.Tallinn opened the mee ng with a presenta on of the variousposi ve aspects that has entailed in their free public transportini a ve for Tallinn ci zens.Deputy Mayor Taavi Aas and Deputy Mayor Arvo Sarapuu fromTallinn presented the financial figures behind the ini a ve aswell as the unforeseen benefits of le ng the ci zens of Tallinnuse the public transport for free. Only three months a er imple-menta on, it is clear that this ini a ve will be followed closely inthe future by the whole region and beyond.UBC member ci es Gdynia, Ålborg and Halmstad also presentedtheir sustainable transport measures in rela on to EU fundedprojects, including QUEST and CIVIT@S DYNAMO. The projectsproved that there are several ways to u lize Euro-pean funding and projects to catalyse a transi ontowards sustainable urban mobility. The Bal c SeaRegion Covenant Club hosted a parallel discussion onSustainable Urban Mobility Plans and their poten alsynergies with the Covenant of Mayors’ SustainableEnergy Ac on Plans.As the Bal c Sea is a common denominator for allUBC countries, also mari me transport was on theagenda. Experts from all over the region were dis-cussing policies affec ng the mari me industry andthe sector’s contribu on to CO2emissions at the finalSNOOP (Shipping-Induced NOX and SOX Emissions – Opera onalMonitoring Network) Policy Forum.The two intensive days provided the par cipants with variousprac cal and theore cal aspects of sustainable transport fromthe region and food for thought for their daily ac vi es withintheir member ci es.For agenda and presenta ons: www.ubc-environment.net5
  6. 6. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/136Since January 1, 2013, Tallinn started providing free public transport (FPT) to all residents ofthe City.Free public transport -Tallinn Green InitiativeText: Taavi Aas Photo: City of TallinnThis major urban innova on has three dimensions for the city:6More informa on:Mr Taavi Aas, Deputy Mayor of TallinnCity of Tallinn,►Green – decreasing the car traffic in thecentre of the city►Social – providing better mobility to thoseunemployed and with lowerincomes►Economical – stimulates the consumptionof local goods and servicesThe first results of FPT implementa on are most encouraging.According to a survey in January, 14% of the respondents and al-ready 21% in March claimed that they use more public transportcompared to autumn 2012. At the same me traffic at majorcrossroads has decreased by 15%.Further research and a longer monitoring period is s ll requiredfor in depth evalua on, but the ini al success of FPT in Tallinnis evident.Regardless of the strong approval by a local referendum inMarch 2012, the shi to FPT met strong opposi on in the CityCouncil even in the autumn 2012. However, a er a successfulimplementa on of FPT a wide poli cal consensus emerged inthe Council and not a single party opposes FPT anymore.European Network of Free Public TransportIn order to raise the FPT profile and awareness at the Europeanlevel, Tallinn is ini a ng The European Network of Free PublicTransport together with Aubagne (FR) and Hasselt (BE). Theobjec ves of the network are to facilitate a comprehensive FPTresearch, an exchange of the best prac ces and an improvedrecogni on of FPT as effec ve measure for achieving Europeansustainable development goals.To learn from global experience and exper se in FPT, Tallinnestablished contacts with the City of Chengdu in China with apopula on over 14 million. The ini al results of the FPT test inChengdu, which started in October 2012, are promising and mayalso help to bring FPT within the radars of bigger and smallerEuropean ci es.Tallinn enjoyed the enthusias c support of the UBC for the Eu-ropean Green Capital idea in 2006. We are grateful to the UBCTransport and Environment commissions for also ge ng closelyinvolved in the innova ve FPT issues.On August 22, 2013 Tallinn hosts the interna onal FPTconference. The EU Transport Commissioner, Mr Siim Kallas, isexpected to make a keynote speech. For more informa on aboutFPT in Tallinn please visit the city budget the annual extra cost of 12 million Euros ismostly covered by the increase in the number of taxpayers. FPTis for many a strong mo va on to register their place of livingin Tallinn. Since the beginning of 2012 un l April 2013, the reg-istered number of the popula on increased by 9000. It is es -mated that every 1000 residents give approx. 1 million Euros ofpersonal income tax to the municipal coffers annually.
  7. 7. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 7Zero-fare public transport inTallinn and beyondCities worldwide are looking for new innovative transport systems, policies and technologiesdesigned to improve mobility and the City of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, has recentlyintroduces a zero-fare public transport (ZFPT) - also known as free public transport - in aneffort to improve accessibility and mobility for its residents. Since January 1 2013, all Tallinnresidents can use public transport services operated by city-run operators without having topay for their ride. This makes Tallinn, with approximately 420,000 residents, the first Europeancapital and the largest city in the world so far that offers ZFPT services to all of its inhabitants.Text: Dr. Oded Cats Photo: Eva Hjälmered/UBC EnComWhile previous implementa ons of ZFPT shed some light on thean cipated impacts of such a policy measure, there is a lack ofanalysis which limits its validity. A team of researchers from theRoyal Ins tute of Technology KTH (Stockholm, Sweden) - Prof.Jonas Eliasson, Dr. Yusak Susilo and the author - was appointedby the City of Tallinn to conduct a careful analysis and to evalu-ate ZFPT.The case of Tallinn is a full-scale experiment that provides aunique opportunity to empirically evaluate economic, social,mobility and level-of-service aspectsVarious key performance indicators concerning transport perfor-mance and travel pa erns are currently analyzed.Valuable inputs for the public debate on Zero FarePublic TransportThe accumulated experience from Tallinn would be instrumentalin suppor ng the public debate concerned with the ZFPT policy.It should be emphasized that ci es vary considerably in manyrespects which are expectedto influence the ul mate im-pact of ZFPT. This is true evenamong ci es within the Bal cSea Region. Ci es within thisregion face different chal-lenges and opportuni es intheir efforts to develop morea rac ve and efficient publictransport systems. Moreo-ver, subsidy levels vary con-siderably among ci es, with most ci es including Oslo, Stock-holm, Copenhagen, Malmö, Aarhus and Turku having a subsidylevel between 30-60%. In Tallinn, ZFPT was the final stage in a se-quence of steps aimed to make public transport in Tallinn morea rac ve and affordable. The exis ng share of ckets revenuesin financing system opera on costs, the cost of alterna ve travelmodes - in par cular, the private car – and the current fare leveland the sensi vity to varia ons in it, are among the most impor-tant factors influencing the prospect of introducing ZFPT.7More informa on:Dr. Oded CatsRoyal Ins tute of Technology KTHStockholm,
  8. 8. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/138Many European cities are facing challenges when it comes to setting up and implementingtruly sustainable mobility policies and measures. The aim of QUEST is to support cities inmaking real progress towards more sustainable urban transport systems and help them to findsolutions to achieve excellence in sustainable mobility planning.Quest supports cities towardssustainable urban transport andmobilityText: Maija Rusanen Photo: Maija RusanenEnergy savings, a more sustainable lifestyleand a be er quality of life are becoming in-creasingly important for EU ci es and localauthori es. Transport can make a big contri-bu on to meet these goals and to ensure thea rac veness of our ci es as places worthliving in - today and tomorrow. The QUESTproject (2011-2013) has developed a QualityManagement tool to help small and mediumsized ci es to set up and further develop theirsustainable mobility policies with the assis-tance of an external expert - the QUEST audi-tor.QUEST is not a tool box with ready-to-usesustainable mobility solu ons, nor is it a tradi-onal transport engineering tool. Stakeholderinvolvement is at the core of the QUEST tool.It aims at crea ng an understanding of thecommon problems among local stakeholders,and to facilitate the development of viable policy ac ons andimprovements to internal processes in ci es that can be imple-mented. QUEST helps ci es to iden fy what measures are fea-sible and effec ve for achieving energy savings in transport. Ithelps ci es to make the right choices.QUEST is ready to offer exper se to help your city!During the QUEST project nearly 50 ci es, with different levelsof experience and contexts, from 14 European countries wentthrough the QUEST process, demonstra ng that there is a highlevel of demand for advice on sustainable urban mobility plan-ning. The external QUEST auditor facilitated the process andhelped ci es to view the work from different points of view andto find blank and weak spots in their own planning and policyprac ces. Each city going through the QUEST process receivesa tailor-made Ac on Plan indica ng the steps they should takenext and a QUEST cer ficate which recognises their efforts insustainable urban mobility planning.More informa on:Maija Rusanen, Project CoordinatorUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment QUEST network seeks to expand and is therefore looking fornew ci es and auditors. If your city is interested in joining theQUEST family, please contact the project team. QUEST believesthat every city has the poten al to make progress towards sus-tainable mobility!8
  9. 9. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 9Text: Marianne Olovson Photo: Jesper PeterssonSustainable travel provides health,economic and environmentalbenefits in HalmstadThe Municipality of Halmstad asked itself a question: what use do great cyclepaths and an excellent public transport have if people do not discover theirbenefits? The answer was an investment to encourage people to cycle or usepublic transport instead of taking their car.A new organiza on called Sustainable Travel was introducedwith several ac vi es already underway in order to change themobility behaviour of the ci zens of Halmstad. Three of theprojects are ‘Dialogues with households’, ‘Cycling for health’and ‘Winter cyclists’. These all build on personal contact withthe par cipants, providing advice, tes ng of ac vi es and somefringe benefits.Dialogues with householdsIn autumn 2012 commuters on three of Halmstad’s public trans-port routes were given personal advice over the phone. In theseconversa ons they described their daily travel requirements andin return received advice on alterna ves to taking their car, suchas bus routes and cycle paths.Cycling for healthSeventy commi ed car users with at least two kilometres towork have been offered the chance to “cycle for health” fromApril to October 2013. They have agreed to cycle for 80 % oftheir trips, keep a travel journal and take part in a survey with afollow-up. In return, they will get a health check-up before anda er the project, a cycle helmet, rainwear and a cycle computer.Cycling for health was also carried out in 2012, with surprisinglygood results. Of the people who took part 60 % were in be ercondi on a erwards and felt healthier. In total the Cycling forhealth par cipants cycled more than once around the world in-stead of taking their cars.Winter cyclistsMany people in Halmstad put their bikes in storage for the win-ter. The municipality wants to change this unsustainable habitand break the barriers for cycling throughout the winter. In Janu-ary 2013, 70 cyclists unfamiliar to winter cycling were equippedwith studded tyres, lamps and reflec ve vests, with instruc onsto cycle at least three kilometres three mes a week. The munic-ipality had to ensure that pavements and cycle paths were keptas snow-free as possible. The combina on of proper equipmentand a safe infrastructure were to show the great opportuni esto use the bicycle also in the winter.The aim of all the Sustainable Travel projects is for people toleave their cars at home as much as possible. This reduces airpollu on and people’s carbon footprints, plus benefits the in-dividual with be er health and be er personal finances. Theprojects will be followed up and evaluated and hopefully leadto more ci zens of Halmstad discovering the benefits and pleas-ures of travelling in a more eco-friendly way..More informa on:Marianne Olovson, Mobility ManagerCity of Halmstad,
  10. 10. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/131010CIVITAS DYN@MO promotessustainable mobility in citiesText: Kirsi-Marja Lonkila Photo: Walter Eßer, ASEAG.10A new project on sustainable mobility issues has started at the UBC Commission onEnvironment. CIVITAS DYN@MO (2012-2016) is an ambitious project with strategic importanceto sustainable mobility planning in four dynamic European cities.During the DYN@MO project, a Bal c Sea Region CompetenceCentre on Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans will be established.The aim is to promote SUMP for ci es in the region and to sup-port them in the process. The competence centre will be led bythe University of Gdansk and supported by the UBC Commis-sions on Environment and Transporta on and the City of Gdynia.The first event will be aimed at Polish ci es, currently developingtheir new Public Transport Plans.On the project Aachen (Germany), Gdynia (Poland), Koprivni-ca (Croa a) and Palma (Spain) demonstrate their mission tostrengthen sustainable mobility. They will take new electric andhybrid vehicles into use, engage in interac on and collabora onwith ci zens on the basis of the new media and implement inno-va ve transport services in an integrated way for ac ve ci zensof all ages.The CIVITAS DYN@MO project is part of the CIVITAS ini a ve.The UBC Commission on Environment is responsible for the Dis-semina on and Learning on the project.The core of the CIVITAS DYN@MO ac vi es in Gdynia, a UBCmember city taking part in the project, will be to develop a newgenera on of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) and aimat becoming a model case for Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan-ning in Poland. To support the process, a range of communityproject studies for priority ac ons will be conducted and a mo-bility management concept will be applied to create pedestrianareas. A Mobility 2.0 internet pla orm will be set up to conductconsulta ons with the local community.To increase the a rac veness of the beloved trolleybuses inGdynia, trolleybus lines will be extended into areas withoutwired infrastructure. Ba ery hybrid trolleybuses will be con-verted and tested in a residen al area without public transportservice. Furthermore, energy efficiency of the system will be in-creased with innova ve supercapacitor technology.Intelligent Transport Systems and ICT will be deployed in Gdyniae.g. to create a three-level transport model, se ng up an auto-ma c traffic incident detec on system and dedicated bus lanes.More informa on:Kirsi-Marja Lonkila, Project CoordinatorUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment hybrid bus in Aachen, Germany.
  11. 11. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 1111Text: Marcin Wolek Photo: T. PytlakCurrent European transport policies contribute to an increasedinterest in trolleybuses, as they aim to reduce transport relatedemissions by 60% by 2050, as stated in the EU White Paper onTransport. In many European ci es, climate goals and the desireto become independent of oil imports are the main reasons forthe increased popularity of trolleybuses. Numerous technologi-cal innova ons further increase the a rac veness and incen-ves for choosing the trolleybus.Electro-mobility and trolleybusesThere is quan ta ve evidence for the rediscovering of the trol-leybus but the energy efficiency, environmental, opera onal andeconomic advantages are already common knowledge to the cit-ies that already operate them.Trolleybus - innovative mode ofsustainable urban transportThe Trolleybus is a mature solution for sustainable public transport, developed already in1882. It is a mode of public transport between “classic” diesel buses and high capacitytramways. Trolleybuses operate in more than 300 cities around the world. Countries such asRussia, Switzerland, Czech Republic and Italy still have a high number of cities with operationaltrolleybus infrastructures.More informa on:Mr. Marcin Wolek Ph.D, Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Transporta on MarketUniversity of Gdansk, Polandmwol@wp.plwww.trolley-project.euA modern Solaris Trollino bus opera ng in the city of Gdynia,Morska-Estakada trolleybusAr culated trolleybus Solaris Ganz in Tallinn (Estonia) operat-ing in harsh weather condi ons, February 2007The Bal c Sea Region has one of the biggest trolleybus systemsin the world. St. Petersburg operates an extensive huge trolley-bus network with 823 vehicles. Among the UBC network thereare six other trolleybus ci es, including Kaliningrad (RU), Tallinn(EE), Riga (LV), Vilnius and Kaunas (LT) and Gdynia (PL).Trolleybus – pla orm for innova onsOne of the biggest advantages of the trolleybus is that it is in-dependent of one source of energy only (i.e. diesel). If poweredby a renewable energy, the trolleybus is a real “zero-emission”vehicle. Recent developments in ba ery technology allow ex-tending trolleybus opera ons beyond the catenary. Such a testwill be carried in Gdynia in the framework of CIVITAS DYN@MOproject.Other fields of innova ve solu ons include: improvement of ve-hicles (low-floor, higher capacity, modern design), improvementof energy efficiency (storage, auxiliary engines, recupera on),and improvement of exploita on parameters (speed, frequency,reliability, accessibility).In order to make trolleybuses even more popular among Euro-pean ci es there is a need for constant promo on and gainingsocial and poli cal acceptance. Higher ini al costs due to net-work infrastructure might be overcome when a clear vision forsustainable public transport powered by flexible electric energyis set up. Within the TROLLEY project, implemented under theOpera onal Program Central Europe, trolleybus ci es created abackground for interna onal coopera on and exchange of expe-riences to strengthen the arguments for a Trolleybus infrastruc-ture further.
  12. 12. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/1312Text: Anna Åhlgren Photos: City of ÖrebroÖrebro is a city with a high number of cyclists. Every fourth trip in the municipality is madeby bicycle. The proportion of cyclists in the inner city is even higher and can be compared toCopenhagen. Örebro is a city with a growing population and the goal of the City Council is tohave a city more densely-populated. To meet the demands of the growing population and atthe same time make the transport system more sustainable, Örebro constantly implementingmeasures to facilitate cycling in the city. Örebro has developed an innovative cycling networkplan that focuses on four different layers to optimize the cycling network and to meet theneeds of different target groups.Örebro is the first city in Sweden to invest in these types of high-quality cycling corridors (i.e. cycle lanes). An extensive and inno-va ve GIS-analysis is the basis for the network plan. The analysisconsists of travel surveys and sta s cs presen ng the loca on ofresidents and workplaces. The result shows the paths with themost commuters.The cycling corridors have a uniform design with special signageand orange road marking lines, which separate the cycle pathfrom the pedestrian path. Taken together, the fi een corridorswill connect the most important loca ons and provide fast andcomfortable cycling, especially for commuters. Two of the maincycling corridors have already been completed and five more arein the pipeline. Evalua ons show that the cyclists are pleasedwith these new corridors.In addi on to the work to provide the city with a good cycling in-frastructure we are also working on other measures to increasethe number of cyclists. A cycling strategy including several plansof ac on has been developed and will be adopted in 2013. Thiswork is part of the EU-funded project CHAMP, which brings to-gether champion ci es in the field of cycling.Innovative Bike Lanes in Örebro►15 main high-quality cycling corridors– mainly for commuters travelling at highspeed.►City network and regional routes – highavailability and secure travelling betweendifferent parts of the city.►Local network – designed for safe transferto local destinations. Children and theelderly are important groups.►Recreational routes – leisure cycling forthe citizens and visitors.12Reference material:Örebro cycling accountÖrebro cycling strategyFact sheet cycling in ÖrebroMore informa on:Anna Åhlgren, Project ManagerCity of Örebro,
  13. 13. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 1313Tartu is heading for developingsustainable urban transportText: Helle Tolmoff Photo: Mihkel LendokIn recent years, Tartu has held a firm course on environment friendly and sustainabledevelopment. The city’s 30 social workers move from client to client by electric cars and cityofficials drive electric and also gas-powered cars. One of city’s goals is to raise the overallpercentage of gas buses in the public transport significantly.“In decisions about public transport, our main goals are environ-mental protec on and economical management,” says RaimondTamm, Vice-Mayor of Tartu. “I’m glad that as a result of imple-men ng electric and gas cars, our city government has been tak-en as a model, and the number of electric and gas-powered carsin the city has grown constantly. We have developed an electriccar charging network and thanks to the gas buses, one of thefirst CNG sta ons in Estonia has also been based in Tartu.”When Estonia bought 500 electric cars from Mitsubishi i-MiEVtwo years ago from the funds generated from the emission trad-ing scheme, the Ministry of Social Affairs gave those for free useto municipal social workers. Nowadays, the 30 compact carsTartu city government applied for are used by the city’s socialworkers.Bal c Sea Programme supportLately, Tartu has also led intensive interna onal coopera onfor implemen ng biogas-powered buses in public transport. In2009, our city joined the Bal c Biogas Bus project. This year,Tartu par cipates in its follow-up project ’More Biogas Buses’funded by the Bal c Sea programme. For Tartu, the main resultof the project will be the wider implementa on of biogas buses.Currently, there are five gas-powered buses in the city. By 2017,when the next round of public transport procurement will takeplace, the plan is to increase this number to a minimum of 25(half of the bus fleet), fuelling them with biogas. Addi onally, abiogas plant is planned for Tartu that would also help developenvironmentally sustainable (public) transport. By current es -ma ons, the biogas plant should be ready by 2016 for provid-ing Tartu’s gas powered vehicle fleet with an even more greentransport solu on.For the city officials of the department of communal servicesand the city office, city government has bought 4 Nissan Leafelectric cars and this year, Tartu is going to buy 3 gas-poweredOpel Zafiras. Financially speaking, maintaining a gas-poweredcar is about 15% cheaper than a petrol-powered car, but its fuelconsump on can be even 60% lower. The difference in ecologi-cal footprints is also significant: the amount of CO2, CO, NOx andPM in its exhaust emissions is smaller by 20-80%.1313More informa on:Helle Tolmoff, Specialist of Informa on ServiceTartu City Government,
  14. 14. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/1314More informa on:Pekka Salminen, Project ManagerUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment Secretariate-mail: pekka.salminen@ubc.netMobilizing commitment toaddress water resourcesmanagement in Belarus”Joint actions for clean water” was the theme of the Water Management Policy Forum thatwas organized on March 27 2013 in Minsk, Belarus. This was the third public, bilingual forumorganized by the international technical assistance project PRESTO (Project on Reduction ofthe Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea Today) led by the UBC Commission on Environment.Previous forums were Environmental and Technologicalforums concentra ng on eutrophica on of water bodiesand efficient means to prevent it. The PRESTO project de-velops joint ac ons between the EU and Belarus to com-bat transna onal pollu on risk and eutrophica on of theBal c Sea. It also supports the goals of the EU Strategyfor the Bal c Sea Region, the Na onal strategy for sus-tainable development and Water strategy of the Republicof Belarus for the period to 2020. Moreover, the projecthelps Belarusian ci es in their a empt to reach the Bal cMarine Environment Protec on Commission (HELCOM)recommenda on on nutrient removal from their waste-waters.crease the cost effec veness of our common ac ons to-wards be er water management and a be er state of theenvironment.” said Björn Grönholm, Head of Secretariat,UBC Commission on Environment.“Much has been done recently in the field of water re-sources management in Belarus but much more is ahead.We are ac vely working on the implementa on of the ob-jec ves of the Water Strategy for the period up to 2020”said Mr. Sergei V. Zavyalov, Ministry of Natural Resourcesand Environmental Protec on of the Republic of Belarus.The Forum concluded with a panel discussion facilitatedby Ma hias Barjenbruch from the Berlin Technical Univer-sity, leader of the capacity building part of PRESTO. In thefinal panel discussion it was noted that in addi on to anadequate wastewater treatment infrastructure and watertariffs, training and exchange of experiences at differentlevels as well as environmentally sustainable regulatorypolicies are necessary for a posi ve development of thewater environment.Experiencing innova ons and new coopera onperspec vesAc ve collabora on under the framework of PRESTO re-sulted in organising an addi onal public event, the Bela-rusian Country Forum at the world-leading Trade Fair andCongress for Water and Wastewater “Wasser Berlin Inter-na onal”, on March 23 2013 in Berlin (Germany). This bi-ennial exhibi on of innova ve technology in watersupplyand treatment was a ended by some 28 000 visitors andshowcased the cu ng-edge products of more than 660exhibitors from 34 countries.Using this opportunity, and with official representa onfrom the Ministry of Housing and the Communal Servicesof the Republic of Belarus, PRESTO partners had a chanceto develop coopera on possibili es and discuss futuretrends in water management.14”It is impossible to solve the Bal c Sea’s challenges with-out a holis c approach to its en re basin. The EU cannotachieve a healthy status of the Bal c Sea alone and thuscoopera on with Russia and Belarus are of great impor-tance” said Mikhail Durkin from HELCOM.The Water Management Policy Forum was a ended byover 100 invited guests from Belarus and other Bal c SeaRegion countries, including representa ves of Ministries,research organisa ons, funding ins -tu ons and NGO’s.The inten on of the Policy Forum in Minsk was to intensi-fy coopera on between EU member states and Belarus bybringing together experts across the water managementsector. The Forum provided a pla orm for policy dialogueand promoted best prac ces in sustainable managementof water resources.The ming of the forum was apt, as the interna onal fi-nancing ins tu ons had signed contracts with the Be-larusian partners concerning investments in municipalwastewater treatment the previous day. A combina on ofloan and grant money has been given to Brest, Grodnoand Vitebsk water u li es for the moderniza on of theirwastewater treatment plants. Investments for enhancednutrient removal are realized within PURE and PRESTOprojects in these plants during 2013 and 2014, and theseinvestments have been planned so that they support theforthcoming large-scale reconstruc on projects.“Sustainable water management is essen al for our fu-ture and requires interna onal coopera on. The year2013 is officially recognized by the UN General Assemblyas Interna onal Year of Water Coopera on. We hope tointensify the coopera on in the Bal c Sea region to in-Text: Agnieszka Ilola
  15. 15. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 15Umeå: MAX500 - A one yearchallengeBe Green Umeå is Umeå municipality’s project office for hosting a variety of projects orientedtowards sustainable development. In one of the projects called Green Citizens of Europe, Umeåmunicipality aims, together with several local, regional, national and international partners, tofind new solutions for sustainable travelling and living. The overall objective of the project isto demonstrate how environmental policy can be interpreted and implemented into concretecitizen-oriented actions, which motivate and help citizens to change their behaviour towardsmore sustainable lifestyles.Decreasing the number of trips done by privatevehiclesTraffic pollu on is the main reason for the poor air quality inUmeå. By decreasing the number of cars emissions are reduced,air quality is improved and traffic flows faster. Many car trips inthe urban area are short, unnecessary and have o en only oneor two people in the car.To approach this problem Be Green Umeå has started a new ini-a ve. The inten on is for par cipants to reduce their car use.Text: Johanna Lundgren Photo: City of Umeå15More informa on:Johanna Lundgren, Communica on OfficerBe Green Umeå, Swedene-mail: johanna.lundgren@umea.seThe cars involved are not to exceed 5000 kilometers(500 Swedish Miles) during one year.Par cipa ng households will instead increase the share of tripsby more sustainable transport alterna ves such as bus, bicycle,walking, carpooling and car sharing.In this year’s edi on, seven people from Umeå and the surround-ing municipality started the challenge. Each person involvedhas a completely different condi on and is therefore offered apersonalized method of travel in order to find the best solu onfor each individual. The brave seven haveset about a real challenge as the averagemileage for the group is 13420 kilometersa year, based on their es mated kilome-tres driven during 2012.The group started the challenge Febru-ary 25, 2013 and hopefully all will reachthe goal by February 25, 2014. About amonth into the challenge, the par cipantsreceived a free 30 day bus card and theirmission is to evaluate bus travel in orderto see how the bus works as an alterna vefor them.In the upcoming months the par cipantswill get further coaching and since sum-mer is arriving the par cipants will gettheir bikes serviced and all will get theopportunity to try out an electrical bicycle. The project displaysthe sustainable alterna ves for the ci zens of Umeå in order tochange their travel behaviour and improve their own and thegeneral health of the city by choosing sustainable transport so-lu ons.
  16. 16. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/1316Steps towards SustainableTransport in PanevėžysText: Rūta Taučikienė Photo: Rūta Taučikienė and City of Panevėžys.Since May 2012 new ecological buses produced in Poland have been operating in the City ofPanevėžys.Panevėžys City Municipality and Panevėžys Bus Company start-ed a project en tled “Purchase of Ecological Public Transport inPanevėžys City (1st stage)”, which is included on the list of thestate objec ves for the EU structural support for 2007-2013.The es mated cost of the project is over 6,8 million Litas (1.96mEuros), where the EU provides financial support for 85 % of thetotal costs and Panevėžys Bus Company contribute with 15 %.Showing the way with a new sustainable bus fleetThe project aims to modernise public transport services inPanevėžys, improve the quality of services and decrease air pol-lu on. Ecological buses in Panevėžys City will make the level ofpassenger transport services similar to those in advanced EUcountries. The last me Panevėžys Bus Company purchased newbuses was in 1996. By implemen ng the project the Bus Com-pany has been renewed for the first me in sixteen years. Cur-rently, six hybrid buses (Combined diesel and electric driven) areopera ng in the city of Panevėžys. The buses were produced bySOLIARIS Bus & Coach S.A.These buses possess the highest ecological standard, Euro5+EEV, and use about 20 – 25 % less fuel than the usual bus-es. European countries like Switzerland, the United Kingdom,France, Sweden, and Germany have such buses and Lithuania isthe first Eastern European country to implement this standard.According to the representa ve of Solaris Bus and Coach S.A. inLithuania, Jonas Bagdonavičius, Panevėžys is the European citywith the highest number of this par cular kind of bus. The pro-totype of the Polish bus was created only in 2008.Recently, the fleet of Panevėžys Bus Company consisted of six-ty-two vehicles. On a daily basis forty-seven buses operate inPanevėžys. The usual prac ce is that the company purchasestwelve-year-old used buses with an average age of eighteenyears for the fleet . The emission of CO2from old buses equals1018 g/km, while hybrid ones have just 824, 5 g/km and thusprovide a considerable decrease of CO2on a daily basis.One bus drives on average 5600 km in a month and emits 1086kg less of CO2than the old buses, which provides a decrease ofapprox. 13000 kg CO2annually.Nine addi onal new buses were purchased for the alloca onsreceived for selling pollu on permits. They are driven by com-pressed gas. With this new investment, twenty-five buses fromPanevėžys Bus Company’s total fleet have been replaced withcleaner vehicles since 2007.More informa on:Rūta Taučikienė, Head of Ecology DepartmentCity of Panevėžys, Lithuaniaruta.taucikiene@panevezys.lt16
  17. 17. 17Shared mobility approachesGreifswaldFrom the climate protection perspective in Greifswald, individual car traffic is an issue as 31%of the city’s greenhouse gases derive from the transport sector. Furthermore, private carsconsume a lot of public space, especially when not in use. The average German car is used notmore than half an hour per day!Text: Oliver Reif-Dietzel Photo: City of GreifswaldMore informa on:Oliver Reif-Dietzel, Climate Protec on Officerpark management for specialists of the municipali es.City of Greifswald, Germanyreif-dietzel@greifswald.dewww.soziale-stadt-mobil-gemacht.de17Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13Hence, vehicles congest public streets,green spaces and inner courtyards,which might be alterna vely used asboulevards, park areas and playgrounds.Finally, individual car traffic has becomemore and more expensive. Costs for fuels,insurance and maintenance have risenmore than the average costs of living. InMecklenburg-West Pomerania 24% ofall households do not own a car. 55% ofthem state that it would be too costly.Thus, innova ve shared mobilityservices like car and bike sharing mighthelp to alleviate the aforemen oned problems and, if well in-tegrated, foster the whole eco-mobility. These quite new trans-port services have recently become a great success throughoutEurope, however, it remains unclear whether even small ci eslike Greifswald with its 60,000 inhabitants would provide a suf-ficient market poten al.Exploring the poten al for shared mobility op onsin smaller ci esTo answer the ques on about smaller ci es and to find out moreabout the mobility needs, the municipality is currently running aproject called “Soziale Stadt mobil gemacht”. This project is notonly intended to survey the local market poten al but also tointegrate the ci zens’ opinions towards the par cular realisa onof mobility services, the localisa on of vehicles and the linkageto other modes of transport. Hence, three open councils andworkshops with external and regional experts have been carriedout, a comprehensive opinion survey was conducted and an ac-companying project website was launched.The results are encouraging: the survey has shown a significantdemand for both car and bike sharing.37% of the par cipa ng households stated a general interest forcar sharing. 69% of them expressed that they would not buy a(further) car, if car sharing was available, while 31% would re-duce the number of cars. Considering the me aspect, privatecar demand would be concentrated in the a ernoons, eveningsand at weekends, while business demand would be concentrat-ed in the day me on weekdays – a good fit.When it comes to bike sharing the survey revealed that it wouldbe mainly an op on for tourists and local business customers, asthe private bike availability is very high.While conduc ng the project a car sharing and a bike sharingprovider have announced their market entrance in late 2013.Gained knowledge from the project will be included. So nextme you are visi ng Greifswald, you may choose a shared andeco-friendly vehicle to explore the city!Project detailsProject period: 12/2011 – 09/2013Co-funding: Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and UrbanDevelopmentProject partners: University and Hansea c City of Greifswald,Verkehrsbetrieb Greifswald, University of Greifswald, Quar ers-büro Fleischervorstadt, Wohnungsbau-Genossenscha Greif-swald, Wohnungsbau- und Verwaltungsgesellscha Greifswald,Technologiezentrum Vorpommern, City of Osnabrück, City ofLund
  18. 18. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/131818Triple helix actors join forces forCentral Baltic maritime clusterThe SmartComp project aims at supporting smart, environmentally sustainable growth and co-operation of the Central Baltic Region marine cluster. The central project tool is a triple helixco-operation, which encourages maritime cluster businesses, the public sector and universitiesto work together. The project is managed by the UBC Commission on Environment and includeseight project partners in Finland, Estonia and Latvia.Text: Terhi Luukkainen Photo: Prause.In the SmartComp project the different actors cooperate in sev-eral ways. Member of the SmartComp Research Group and Pro-ject Researcher from Turku School of Economics, Eini Laaksonen,states that:“Our first SmartComp Research Report was published in Decem-ber 2012. The report highlighted the need for increased cooper-a on against common challenges amongst the mari me clustersin the Central Bal c region”In the beginning of this year the research con nued with asurvey focusing on the mari me cluster companies in Estonia,Finland and Latvia. The aim of this survey is to gain a company-level insight on the sector’s future developments. The study willcon nue with case company interviews to further focus on thestate of networking between these companies. “A er that, theresearch consor um is to take a look at the big picture of themari me sector and analyse the business links and develop-ments in other strong mari me clusters, such as booming Chinaand the ambi ously developing Russia”, Eini concludes.The Bal c Sea is a common treasureThe work of the Research Group makes the founda on for thena onal and interna onal SmartComp Consulta on Days thatare targeted for relevant mari me companies. During the Con-sulta on Days the companies can benefit from the findings ofthe research. Tallinn University and Tallinn University of Technol-ogy arranged the na onal Consulta on Day in Estonia in coop-era on with Junior Chamber Inter-na onal Estonia. “It becameclear that the SmartComp project and annual JCI Bal c Confer-ence have similar goals and target audiences”, highlighted Com-munica on Expert Esta Kaal from Tallinn University. “There area lot of people, organisa ons and companies who really careabout the future of our common treasure, the Bal c Sea. Amongthe key words from the presenta ons are e.g. sea protec on,sulphur EU direc ve and transporta on.”SmartComp creates policy recommenda ons for suppor ngthe region’s mari me clusters. This is where the public sector,the third part of triple helix coopera on, comes in. The policydevelopment work is based on the combina on of studies ofthe current mari me policies in the Central Bal c Region andon the research carried out during the project. The SmartCompproject also organises two policy development roundtables thatgenerate opportuni es to engage in developing integrated ap-proaches to mari me policy in the region. A triple helix contactdatabase will also be established to help regional networkingbetween different actors.The next SmartComp Policy Development Roundtable is to beorganised in Turku on 22nd of May.I N V E S T I N G I N Y O U R F U T U R EEUROPEAN UNIONEUROPEAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUNDMore informa on:Terhi Luukkainen, Project CoordinatorUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment Secretariatterhi.luukkainen@ubc.netwww.cb-smartcomp.eu1818
  19. 19. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 1919More informa on:Daniel Skog, Communica on OfficerCity of Malmö, Swedendaniel.skog@malmo.sewww.biogassys.seIn Malmö every third trip is done on a bicycle. Also, the local railways and the forthcomingtrams are experiencing increased business but still there is a need for sustainable solutions forbuses and cars in the city and the region.While electric vehicles are foreseen to have a bright future inci es such as Malmö, the biogas powered vehicles have a clearbenefit so far – their mileage is unrivalled. The small biogas pow-ered cars being purchased for the City of Malmö right now havean impressive capacity of 600 kilometers.Locally produced vehicle fuelAnother beau ful feature of biogas is that we can produce itfrom our waste. Malmö is now introducing mandatory foodwaste recycling for all ci zens and businesses. This is of course agreat resource for biogas produc on. In the region of Skåne wesee biogas replacing fossil fuels in the vehicle sector as a greatopportunity for reaching a fossil free energy mix. The regiontherefore intends to upgrade as much of the biogas produced aspossible to a quality suitable for vehicle consump on.In Malmö, 177 city buses have been gas powered since the 80’s.During the later years the share of biogas, replacing fossil naturalgas, has increased and last year reached 62,7 %. In 2015 it willbe 100% biogas.Already today the dust carts, a large por on of the private taxifleet and the municipal vehicle fleet are powered by CNG/bi-ogas. And the interest in private and corporate gas powered carsis increasing.Text: Daniel Skog Photo: Christiaan DirksenThe next step is to introduce 24-metre-long biogas hybrid citybuses in Malmö. Several of the city bus lines in Malmö havereached their top capacity and we need to find a public trans-port for a larger number of passengers. In the short term biogashybrid buses will be the first of their kind, and in the long termtrams will also be included in the CNG powered fleet. Biogaspowered buses and cars not only almost eliminate the climatechange net effect their fossil cousins have, but they also de-crease the emissions of NOx and par cles in the city air which isa very welcome relief.The system of gathering food waste, producing biogas, upgrad-ing it to vehicle quality and not forge ng distribu ng the nutri-ous bio sludge back on farm land, is a remarkable achievementSkåne is proud of and wants to share with the world. Throughthe BIOGASSYS project, the City of Malmö, together with itsneighbouring ci es and actors on the biogas market, thereforeexports this knowledge to the rest of Europe.Malmö demonstrates asustainable biogas system
  20. 20. 20BCB Environment 1/13- UBC Energy CommissionUBCEnergyCommissionText and photos: Eva HjälmeredNews from the EnergyCommissionThe know-how of actions to reduceenergy consumption and greenhousegas emissions are the main objectives ofthe EU Climate-Energy Package, whichare essential for improving energy ef-ficiency and reducing greenhouse gasemissions in the atmosphere. In thisrespect, the strategic documents of theEuropean Union emphasise the im-portance of the public authorities at alllevels, particularly local authorities, andthe role they have to play, as they aredirectly involved in the planning andimplementation of management ac-tions to improve energy efficiency. Theneed to acquire the knowledge fromthe representatives of local authoritiesand public sector workers, and to shareinformation, experiences and best prac-tices on measures to improve energyefficiency is needed due to the differentlevels of advancement of individual EUcountries and regions.We hereby present the activities oftwo of the partners in the project: theFrench municipality of Cluses and theSwedish municipality of Oskarshamn.The EU Climate and Energy Package are considered to be the key to an energy efficientand low-carbon Europe. The three overall objectives have become generally known as 20-20-20 targets: a 20% cut in emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020, compared with 1990levels; a 20% share of renewables; and a 20% cut in energy consumption. The UBC EnergyCommission and the municipality of Oskarshamn are two of the participants in the projectEEMTE (Energy Efficiency in Municipality – Training and Exchange of Experience). Theaim of the EEMTE project is to jointly develop and improve training instruments andtools for authorities and public administration staff. This project is a sub-project to themajor project EnercitEE. EnercitEE seeks to implement the EU targets on energy efficiencypractically. The project and the sub-projects build upon experiences and existing networks.Cluses and their education forfestival volunteersCluses is located in France, Haute-Savoie, at the doors of the Alps. For 12years the municipality has been organ-izing a festival of contemporary musicin the city centre called “Musiquesen Stock”. Each summer, more than30,000 festival-goers come to attendmany concerts scheduled over 4 days.The Mayor, Jean-Claude Léger, has al-ways wanted to make culture accessibleto all: “We started this festival in 2000and it has always been free to people.We handle the budget of the event sothat the festival-goers can gain newmusical experiences and discover non-commercial French and foreign groups”.The municipality also launched in paral-lel a campaign to reduce its water andelectricity consumption. The internalstaff was trained on eco behaviour tolimit their consumption at work. Thecity urban planning largely promotesrenewable energy, energy efficient build-ing and renovation. Cluses raises theawareness of its citizens via communica-tion support. Therefore, organizing ecoevents are in the local policy continually.3 years ago, Musiques en Stock becamean eco-festival. 300 volunteers havebeen trained, as well as the municipalstaff and subcontractors, to reduce thecarbon footprint of the event. Volun-teers are educating people on festivalwaste sorting and are dealing with send-ing waste to the good sectors .Electricity consumption, including thetwo scenes, was measured in order tobe reduced. It is the same for the waterconsumption on site. Free shuttles areavailable to festival late into the night,which reduces CO2emissions and pre-vent accidents linked to alcohol. Con-sumption of soft drinks are available tothose who car-share or car-pool, or usealternative transportation. Restaurantsthat are located on the site only usecompostable dishes. Half of them offerlocal and/or organic food.“Our focus was on all componentsof the event,” explains Bruno Giazzi,Festival Director. “We have halved thecommunication support through de-materialization (emails, Facebook). Theentire textile merchandising is certifiedorganic and fair trade. We also greatlyexpanded the prevention of noise risks,STDs and drugs because it is an integralpart of sustainable development. Ourgoal is to reduce our carbon footprintin each edition . Like all festivals we stillhave room for manoeuvre.”A logo for the commitment of thefestival was created: a “tree guitar”symbolizing eco-festival.The national media are now lookingclosely at this festival in a province thathas reduced its consumption of morethan 3 % each year, who says what it
  21. 21. 21BCB Environment 1/13 - UBC Energy Commissionload is still there when they get back.The sessions were not seen as somethingpositive, rather as an extra chore on topof the busy schedule.The educational management at Novain Oskarshamn decided to rethinkthe structure and think of new waysto educate both politicians and civilservants, but on their conditions. Thesolution became web-tutorials, videosof maximum 15 minutes for each sub-ject that can be downloaded whereveror whenever, a sort of “grab-and-go”-style. Both Nova and the LinköpingUniversity have experience of e-learningand flexible teaching.6 tutorials were filmed: one generalthat is available both in Swedish and inEnglish, and 4 theme specific tutorials.Björn Karlsson, professor at the Depart-ment of Management and Engineeringat Linköping University was the tutoralong with Patrik Thollander, assistantprofessor. The films were uploaded atthe partner website and promoted viaseveral networks, such as the RegionalCounties network of energy and climateadvisors, the regional EnercitEE partnerEnergy Agency of Southeast Swedenand to politicians in all municipalitiesin the region of Småland and Blekinge .More information:Eva HjälmeredUBC Energy Commissioneva.hjelmered@ubcenergy.orgwww.ubcenergy.orgThe UBC Energy Commissionis part of the Union of BalticCities, for more informationplease visit: and does what it says in order toreduce its emissions of greenhouse gasemissions, without reducing the qualityof its programming and organization!Oskarshamn and their tutori-als towards politicians andcivil servants.Oskarshamn aimed at having joint sem-inars for politicians and civil servants inorder to raise the awareness of energyefficiency of buildings and of eachother’s parts in making these actions.The common understanding of life-cycle costs, investments and pay-off andthe know-how and experience was onthe agenda. The Linköping University,with vast experience in energy systemsand working with both industries andmunicipalities, was hired to plan andgive the sessions. The first session wasplanned and promoted. The focus onthe first session was:“With increased energy prices andincreased awareness about the ongoingclimate change, it becomes all moreimportant to find measures that lead tosustainable energy systems in a sustain-able society as a whole. There are manymeasures that both give economic prof-its and reduced climatic impact. But allmeasures do not become implemented,despite the fact that they are profitable.How does one go from potential pro-posals to implemented measures? Whatis the mystery with driving spirits?How do we create sustainable energysystems?”The interest was lower than expectedand therefore the first session was post-poned. A new date was set and this waspromoted. The interest was once againlow and the comments from the politi-cians were that the topic is interestingand important, but it is very difficultto find the time for a day-long session.The comments from the civil servantswere also about the time. It is a veryimportant topic, but if they take a dayoff from the core business, the workLessons learnt / Recommen-dationsWhen planning for the sessions and ar-ranging the web tutorials the followingissues became noticeable:• Top-down or bottom upWho decided about the action?Has the issue been carriedthrough and implementedthroughout the organization?Is there a common agenda?• Managerial preferencesAre the activities mandatory or voluntary? Are the activities/issues ontop of the agenda? Or maybe “a lotof talk, but no actions”.• FlexibilityThe message needs to be delivered/available according to the audience.For us a “grab-and-go”-style wasthe answer.• ResourcesTime!! Will the civil servants havesubstitutes during the training?A Grab-and-go online tutorial
  22. 22. 22 Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13Mutual interest and trust in theheart of cooperationText: Stella Aaltonen Photo: Environment Committee, St Petersburg8 years of coopera on for air quality improvementsCo-opera on on air quality has increased knowledge and skillsof personnel and improved methodologies and data quality onambient air monitoring and modelling in St Petersburg. Duringthe project the monitoring of 5 new pollutants (e.g. fine par -cles) has been started, the overall amount of analyses has in-creased from 32 to 94 and the data captured has improved from70 % to 93 %. By following the Finnish examples in the openingof the environmental informa on to the public, local ambientair quality informa on has been made available on the website and for the Finnish Meteorological Ins tute. A jointevalua on report on the air monitoring has been developed.Mutual interests in hazardous wastes andenvironmental permi ngThe coopera on in rela on to hazardous waste was focused ontwo issues: on solvent treatment and recycling and treatmentand recycling of the ba eries and accumulators. The measuresundertaken over the last year enabled a systema c under-standing of the solvent treatment to be implemented and alsoincreased the coopera on between St Petersburg and Finnishcompanies in the field.The environmental control project increased the mutual sharingof the prac cal measures in rela on to environmental control,preven on of viola ons and legisla on changes. The side visitsThe longstanding Environmental cooperation between the city of St Petersburg and the FinnishMinistry of Environment has resulted in much advancement. The latest year of 20 years ofcooperation has been focused not only on developing the ground for new openings but also onlooking back and reflecting on the outcomes of cooperation.More informa, the project increased further understanding of the currentsitua on and enabled a deeper discussion of the difficul es inrela on to the environmental control.Environmental awareness raising ac vi esThe UBC Environment Commi ee has been involved in develop-ing the environmental awareness by raising ac vi es togetherwith the city of the Commi ee for Nature Use, EnvironmentalProtec on and Ecological Safety of the city of St. Petersburg overthe past six years. The coopera on has resulted in several out-comes, one of the biggest being the official status for the environmental portal in the year 2011. The portal wasjointly developed and is now serving as a good example of rais-ing awareness for different target groups.Over the years the different projects have also created severalgames, tools, materials and training programmes which can alsobe used by all the members of the UBC. The outcomes of thelast project, Bal c Sea Needs Ac ons, can be read in the follow-ing ar cle.Joint seminars have increased the mutual understanding andlead to prac cal ac ons.
  23. 23. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 23Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 23Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 23Text: Stella Aaltonen Graphics: Sari SariolaWe act for the Baltic Sea– do you?Baltic Sea Needs Actions – project (2012-2013) focused on creating usable, practicalmaterials in Russian and English for teachers and educators. The materials focused oncreating actions towards improving the state of the Baltic Sea. The city of St Petersburgtogether with the UBC Commission on Environment Secretariat welcomes everyone to use thematerials and join efforts in acting for the Baltic Sea.O y the O er mobile gameThere was a need to create a mobile game which had a learn-ing goal, was fun to play, a rac ve and would be interes ng for7-12 year olds. The idea behind the game is based on the waterfoot print, as it was discovered that the level of understanding ofwhat water foot print means is very low at the moment.The aim of O y the O er game is to travel from Turku to St Pe-tersburg using as li le water as possible. In the game O y theO er has 3000 litres of water for use. O y can trade his waterfor food items in order to keep up his energy. He saves his watersupply by trying to eat food with a small water footprint.Interviews on YoutubeFive expert interviews in Finland and five interviews with famouspeople in Russia were created. They aim to raise the importanceof personal ac on in order to improve the state of the sea fromdifferent points of views. The interviews are available on You-Tube in English, Russian and Finnish, with a tag #WAFTBS you canMore informa on:Stella Aaltonen, Project ManagerUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment all of the videos as a playlist. Everyone is encouraged to cre-ate their own interviews and place them with the tag #WAFTBSon YouTube.Bal c Sea Needs Ac onsThere was a need to create a presenta on that could be freelyused by everyone. The presenta on is focused on younger tar-get groups. It has five topics: vulnerability of the Bal c Sea, theuse of the sea, most urgent problems, what is done to protectthe sea and what you can do yourself. The interviews createdare linked to the ppt-presenta on with symbols. Also, a role-playgame based on the form of a courtroom was created for 13-16year olds.
  24. 24. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/132424Text: Gintaras Neniskis Photo: City of KlaipedaOn a daily basis Klaipeda Passenger Transport moves up to100 000 passengers from A to B. The passengers thus providevaluable knowledge about the daily proceedings in the publictransport system. When entering the website, (the accumulatednumber of the site visits is 3 million – more than the Lithuanianpopula on) it is possible to leave a message in the “Guest Book”and thereby provide direct informa on to the transport authori-es of Klaipeda. In the ”Guest Book” visitors can also see all thecomments and answers from other local u lity companies, andlearn about other people’s concerns as well. The principle of aninterac ve and open ques on and answer applica on creates asolid and open community of service providers and customers,which is a top priority in Klaipeda.A wri en e-le er automa cally gets sent to “the wai ng room”on the web page. This discussion forum is operated with pre-modera on, which allows us to safeguard a respec ul and busi-ness-like environment in the “Guest Book”. The e-commentsare given rapid and efficient answers avoiding such wordings as“perhaps” and “maybe”. Though it takes a lot of me, it providesthe “results of the clients’ daily audit”, in order to maintain qual-ity in the opera on of the public transport system.Dozens of free-line telephone calls reach the city every day.The public par cipa on process also includes internet surveyson the website asking to evaluate changes in the transport sys-Active Passengers in Klaipeda- Sustainability Friendstem, as well as sharing opinions about the planned novel es oraltera ons. Such surveys help to monitor the level of supportci zens give to ongoing and future projects. Passengers perceivethat public transport works for them and their opinions are trulyimportant to the mobility organizers. The analysis of the surveysand internet comments help to arrange the metables and busstops in the most sustainable way.Thanks to the “Guest Book”, good interconnec on tradi onshave been formed. There are lots of public transport fellows.Several acknowledgements and recommenda ons are beingreceived through the “Guest Book” applica on. People ask forthe promos to demonstrate them, which signals that the ci -zens clearly support this type of par cipatory improvement ofthe public transport services. Today, it is clear that the feed-backand the passengers – Company ‘interrela on’ are among thebest tools to improve the quality of services and the sustainablemobility in Klaipeda.Among the major goals of Public Institution Klaipeda Passenger Transport was to form a feed-back relationship with the final recipients of our services – the passengers. It was essential totruly know how well the transport system functions and what can be improved. For this reasona flexible feed-back internet communication system was established, which allowed problemsto be solved.More informa on:Gintaras Neniskis, DirectorKlaipeda Public TransportCity of Klaipeda,
  25. 25. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 2525Ramzi Nammas will test riding on an electric bicycle for 3weeks. The municipality of Växjö lent out 28 pedelecs to em-ployees and inhabitants from the municipality on March 22nd.Text: Mats Persson and Camille Delepierre Photo: Mats PerssonElectric bicycles tested foremployees and inhabitants inVäxjöWithin the EU South-Baltic project ELMOSthe municipalities of Växjö and Karlskronain Sweden, Rostock in Germany andTrabki Wielkie and Malbork in Poland areintroducing electric mobility through thelending out of electric bicycles as well as theelaboration of electric mobility strategies.Let’s zoom on how the municipality of Växjö isreaching these goals.2500 people will try an electric bicycle in the city ofVäxjö during 2013 and 2014!People who live or work in Växjö who would explore alterna veways of their usual means of transporta on are offered the op-portunity to borrow a pedelec (electric bicycle) for three weeks.The lending out of the 25 pedelecs happened on 22 March.About 2500 people will try a pedelec in 2013 and 2014. “A erthe term of the loan we will evaluate how pedelecs was per-ceived, how much the travel pa ern has changed, possibili esto purchase an own pedelec etc.”, says Mats Persson – projectleader on the Traffic department in Växjö municipality.Why pedelecs?The reason for the municipality to lend out pedelecs is that ifmore people discover how fast, easy and convenient it is totravel with pedelecs in Växjö, most likely more will choose thatmode of transporta on in the future. There are several advan-tages with a pedelec. The cost for charging the electric ba eryamounts to no more than 0.03 Euros per 10 kilometres. Also forthe environment and health there are major advantages. Ac-cording to Greenpeace, the environmental impact of pedelecs isonly a 1/60th of a regular car. [textbox] As you need to pedal toget help of the electric motor, both fitness and fresh air are pro-vided in the bargain. However the difference between a regularbicycle and a pedelec is that you don´t arrive sweaty at work ormee ngs, the electric motor allows you to easily manage bothinclines and headwinds, effortlessly.A pedelec garageA survey of 1000 commuters who regularly travels to and fromVäxjö sta on shows that a secure bike storage probably wouldincrease the number of cyclists to and from the sta on area bymore than 40%.In order to s mulate the use of public transporta on combinedwith electric and conven onal bicycles a pedelec garage is beingbuilt at Växjö’s train sta on. It is expected to be in use i June2013, it will hold 62 bicycles and be equipped with charging fa-cili es for pedelecs and storage cabinet for bicycle helmets.5 electric mobility strategiesIn order to create future condi ons for planning and develop-ment of electric mobility, an e-mobility strategy will be adoptedin all 5 partner ci es of the ELMOS project. The strategy is ex-pected to be completed in the spring/fall of 2014.Find more about the project on www.elmos-project.euMore informa on:Mats Persson, Project ManagerCity of Växjö,
  26. 26. 26 Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13New Baltic Cities Environmental Bulletin Format andNew website for UBC Commission on EnvironmentThe UBC and its commissions are changing gradually in or-der to meet the changing requirements from member ci es.It is therefore me also to change the outlook of the prod-ucts the Commission on Environment is providing to mem-ber ci es and project partners.New UBC EnvCom WebsiteThe website of the UBC Commission on Environment has inrecent years been overloaded with informa on as a resultof an expanding project por olio. This is a posi ve sign forthe UBC and the Commission on Environment. However, itcalls for a thorough update and a structure where all thisinforma on can be easily accessed for member ci es as wellas other relevant stakeholders. The outlook and the struc-ture are therefore intended to be renewed in the summer of2013 and as shown on, the design has already been dra ed.New bulle n FormatIn line with the new website, the Bal c Ci es EnvironmentalBulle n is also set to change in 2013. This edi on is there-fore the last one of its kind. In the name of the Commis-sion on Environment the prin ng will be minimized to savepaper. Instead of having the current printed edi ons bian-nually, the format is focused on smaller, so -copy edi onsthat will be summed up in one annual edi on once a year. Anumber of online edi ons will be made ready for downloadand a selected number of ar cles will be collected for thean-nual printed edi on.The bulle n does not exist without the contribu ons fromthe UBC member-ci es. All member-ci es are therefore re-quested to con nue the fine support and contribu on of ar-cles. The UBC Commission on Environment is looking for-ward to renew the outlook of both the website and bulle nand is always interested in hearing your ideas to improve ourservice for its member-ci es.More informa on:Jeppe Mikel Jensen, Communica on and Network ManagerUnion of the Bal c Ci es Commissionon Environment SecretariatJeppe.jensen@ubc.netShort News26
  27. 27. Bal c Ci es Environmental bulle n 1/13 27s Environmental bulle n 1/13 27UBC ENVIRONMENT ANDSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTSECRETARIATUnion of the Bal c Ci es (UBC) is a network of 107 ci es from allten Bal c Sea countries, with an overriding goal of contribu ngto the democra c, social, cultural and environmentallysustainable development in the Bal c Sea Region. UBCCommission on Environment (UBC EnvCom) is one of the 13commissions of the UBC.Prac cal work of the Commission is carried out by UBCEnvironment and Sustainable Development Secretariat. Itsservices for the ci es include for example organising mee ngsand policy work, preparing documents and publica ons,ini a ng and running projects, and consul ng and training. TheSecretariat carries out Bal c Ci es Sustainable DevelopmentSurveys biannually, publishes Bal c Ci es Environmentalbulle n, and offers Good Prac ce Database for local authori esat current staff of Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentSecretariat consists of 16 professionals working full me forthe UBC.www.ubc-environment.netOur address is:UBC Environment and SustainableDevelopment SecretariatBal c Sea HouseVanha Suurtori 7FIN -20500 Turku, FinlandTel: +358 2 262 3172Fax: +358 2 262 3425ContactusOuraimsProjectsPRESTO - PURE - CHAMP - CIVITAS DYNAMO - BaltCICA - Eltis+- QUEST - NETCOM - SMARTCOMP... just to mention a few.UBCWheelwww.ubcwheel.euUBC Good Prac ce Database (UBCWheel) is a database full of prac cesthat cover sustainable developmentin Bal c Sea ci es including all topicsfrom transport to health and from socialaspects to economic instruments; all di-mensions of the Aalborg Commitments.At the moment, there are 500 cases in-serted in the database.EnvCom,Turku
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