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Sust 4103 capstone project poster shoemaker


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Sust 4103 capstone project poster shoemaker

  1. 1. DESIGN OF AN EDUCATIONAL WATER FEATURE FOR THE BOTANICAL GARDENS OF THE OZARKS Jason Corral, Dawn Shoemaker, Lauren Tessaro, Vanessa VanWilpe Senior Design Team 2012, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, FayettevilleIntroduction System Components Components and Testing Outcomes ProducedThe Botanical Gardens of the Ozarks was created by the The first part of the system employs three power To find the RPM turning the pump shaft: 3) Electric Power GenerationBotanical Garden Society of the Ozarks (BGSO), a self components: For the bike wheel (30.5cm radius) to the pump shaft The shaft of the wheel turns the generator, lighting the LEDdescribed homegrown, grassroots organization 1) Human (19.05mm radius), with angular rotation (ω), light display.established in 1994. The Botanical Gardens are located Power in → kilocalories=813 kcal/day While all the engineeredon 100 acres of property at the south east edge of Lake ω1 * r1 = ω2 * r2 components to the system haveFayetteville. Power out → Joules per second (watts)=63.01 Watts of Rearranged, been prototyped, a complete,The Botanical Gardens provides lifelong learning with energy available as calculated. aesthetic design is still being ω2 = ω1 * r1 / r2workshops, lectures, and classes. The local school From the estimated energy available* - 813 kcals/day, finalized with input from ourchildren are offered programs at school and at the So, with 20% usable for 2 minutes at a time, we get: client.Garden including a broad array of garden-related topics, ω2 = 45.88RPM * 0.305m / 0.01905m = 734.56 RPM kcal day hrwith wild plants, animals in the garden, health and 162.6 2 min = 1.8066 kcal To check power output using force and RPM found:wellness, sustainability, and garden and floral design. day 3 hr 60 minThe Little Sprouts is offered for younger children. P = Tω 735.56 4.185𝐾𝐽 min 1000J 315J P = (40.85N )(0.019m)(2π ) = 59.78W 1.806 𝑘𝑐𝑎𝑙 = = 63.01 W 60 𝑘𝑐𝑎𝑙 60 sec KJ sec The power calculation estimate is consistent with the 2) Bicycle testing done on the pump at differing RPM. The human energy is converted to mechanical energy Power vs. RPM at Variable Heads Flow vs. RPM at Variable Heads losing 5% efficiency, when the child pedals the bike. 160 25 The final outcome from the energy taken in as Calories will be 140 Power in → 63.01Watts 120 100 20 an LED light display. 15 Power Flow (Q) 80 Head=1.244m Head=1.244m (Watts) (gal/min) 10 Power out → 63.01Watts x 95% eff. = 59.86Watts 60 Head=1.816m Head=1.816m Future Enhancements 40 Head=2.235m Head=2.235m 5 20 0 0 The low estimate for revolutions per minute (RPM) input 0 500 RPM 1000 1500 0 2 4 RPM 6 8 10 to the pedals is 40 RPM from the child, with a gear ration Our team would like to see the addition of a solar pump to fill of 34:39 so, the RPM of the tire, as equal to the rear gear, Graph 1 shows power generated increasing exponentially with the reservoir. We would also like to incorporate a wind turbine calculates as, RPM, but not greatly affected by head at the values tested. into the design, as we feel these additions would greatly add to (40 RPM) (39/34) = 45.88 RPM Graph 2 shows flow increasing linearly with RPM. the renewable energy education we wish to provide with this The water is pumped to a reservoir where it becomes potential feature. Using the power equation P=Tω, where P=power; energy.Entrance to the Botanical Gardens T=torque, ω=angular momentum, and T=Force x distance, the force between the tire and the pump is SustainabilityThe Project found as: The successful completion of this project will benefit the RPMThe goal for our senior design team on this project was to P = Tω = F ∗ d ∗ 2π Botanical Gardens, and it’s visitors by enhancing theinvolve kids in learning about the production of energy. We 60 overall aesthetic and educational values of the Botanicalintroduce the basics of hydroelectric power, and propose Insert substitutions and rearrange, Gardens which are important aspects of the Botanicalalternative energy sources. In pursuing this goal, we must keep P Gardens’ mission statement. Learning centers andin tune with the aesthetic values of the Botanical Gardens F= RPM community gathering places are essential to the social d ∗ 2πwhere it is to be displayed. 60 aspects of sustainability.In the United States, the primary source of fuel for electricity Substitute values, The educational value of this water feature can have Power and flow test set-up with variable RPM motor input, then set up with bikegeneration is fossil fuel. However, alternative forms of energy 59.86W power input. ecological benefits to the managed systems by givinggeneration are gaining ground as a legitimate alternative to F= = 40.85N people a greater understanding of the amount of work 45.88fossil fuel energy generation. If fossil fuel is to be largely (0.305m)(2π) 60𝑠 The second portion of the system employs three required to generate even a small amount of energy. Thisreplaced by alternative energy, the public must be aware of and components also: understanding could lead to energy conservationsupport the efforts made towards that change. One method of decisions being consciously made by people who use thisaccomplishing this is with an interactive, educational, 1) Reservoir educational water feature.alternative energy generator. With the input of Gerald Engineers are taught to address the sustainability of builtKilngaman at the Botanical Gardens of the Ozarks and Dr. The water is pumped to the reservoir, and is considered potential energy. This can be estimated by; systems while evaluating the life of their designs, and theCostello and Steve Green of the University of Arkansas, an most efficient and friendly use of the materials available.alternative energy display was developed that uses human PE = mass x gravity x headpower as the initial input, and finally produces electricity. We have not calculated this yet as our final location is yetIn the final design, a child will ride a stationary bicycle that is undecided.directly connected to a positive displacement pump. Pedaling Bike set up on trainer with pump Force is applied from the tire to pump attached. shaft.the bicycle will cause the pump to deliver water through a 2) Waterwheelsystem of pipes that releases the water into a reservoir above awooden water wheel. When the sluice gate on the reservoir 3) Pump is lifted, the potential energy beginsWhen the water is released, the force of the water contacting We used a positive displacement pump, so the power to create power as the forces of thethe water wheel will cause the wheel to turn which will turn a output is directly related to the RPM turning the shaft of water turn the wheel. The wheelgenerator. This generator will then power a series of lights to the pump. transfers energy to the shaft as itallow the children to see their muscle power manifest as rotates. Power in → 59.86Wattselectricity. Power out → 59.78 Watts (should equal power in here) Artistic rendition of proposed water wheel design for the Botanical Gardens. This poster was prepared in partial fulfillment of SUST 4103 Sustainability Capstone