Chapter 2 : Social Work and Other Helping Professions

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What is social work?
The primary mission of social work is to enhance
human well-being and help meet the basic needs of
all people, with particular attention to the needs and
empowerment of people who are vulnerable,
oppressed, and living in poverty (NASW Code of
Ethics).

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Chapter 2 : Social Work and Other Helping Professions

  1. 1. Chapter 2: Social Work andOther Helping Professions Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  2. 2. Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  3. 3. Social Work: A Competency- Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) - Defines Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAs) - Developed 10 “Core Competencies” and 41 Related “Practice Behaviors” Every student should master the Practice Behaviors and Core Competencies before completing the program Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  4. 4. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice Behaviors and Competencies - “Competency Notes” at the end of the chapter help put the Practice Behaviors and Competencies in practical context Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  5. 5. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed with the text provides assignable exercises that assist in mastering the Practice Behavior and Competencies Additional on-line resources can be found at: www.cengage.com/socialwork Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  6. 6. Chapter 2: Social Work and Other Helping Professions Why do people have problems? • Genetics and heredity – psychobiology • Socialization • Cultural differences • Environmental factors • Opportunity structure (the accessibility of opportunities in one’s environment EP 2.1.3a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  7. 7. What is social work?The primary mission of social work is to enhancehuman well-being and help meet the basic needs ofall people, with particular attention to the needs andempowerment of people who are vulnerable,oppressed, and living in poverty (NASW Code ofEthics). EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  8. 8. The early years of social work• Thomas Chalmers in Scotland – personalized involvement with the poor• Charity Organization Society (COS) -“scientific philanthropy” and “friendly visiting,” individual assessment, coordinated service plan, follow up• Mary Richmond – COS leader, Social Diagnosis, social casework EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c . Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  9. 9. The early years of social work• Settlement house movement• Jane Addams, founder of Hull House• First schools of social work (early-1900s)• Emphasis on casework; group work (late-1920s) community organization (late-1930s)• National Association of Social Workers (NASW) established in 1955 EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1.c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  10. 10. Underpinnings of the profession• Values and ethics (NASW Code of Ethics)• Liberal arts foundation• Knowledge about human behavior, policy, research, practice, social and economic justice, cultural diversity, populations at risk• Practice skills and process of planned change• Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) guides curriculumEP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1.c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  11. 11. Purposes of the social work profession• Enhance human well-being and alleviate social injustice• Enhance social functioning and interactions of individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities• Formulate and implement social policies, services, and programs that meet basic human needs and develop human capacities EP 2.1.3a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  12. 12. Purposes of the social work profession (cont’d)• Advocate for policies, services, and resources that promote social and economic justice• Develop and use research, knowledge, and skills that advance social work practice• Develop and apply practice in the context of diverse cultures (Council on Social Work Education, 2006) EP 2.1.3a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  13. 13. Social work methods• With individuals and families (casework)• With groups (group work)• Community organization• Research• Administration and planning EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c, 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  14. 14. Professional issues in social work• Types of social agencies that serve clients• Education and levels of social work practice: - BSW – entry level, generalist practice - MSW – advanced practice - PhD and DSW – advanced practice, research, and teachingEP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c, 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  15. 15. Social work careers• One of fastest-growing professions• Growth areas include health care and aging• Fields of practice include child welfare, health, corrections, substance abuse, developmental disabilities, family counseling, and public assistance programs in private and public agencies and settings• Private Practice EP 2.1.1c . Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  16. 16. Collaboration with other professionals• Psychiatrists and psychologists• Pastoral counselors• Employment counselors• Sociologists• School and rehabilitation counselors• Attorneys• Nurses EP 2.1.8b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  17. 17. Need for Professional Diversity• Clients need attention of practitioners from a variety of areas• Specialization important given diverse needs of clients• Cooperation and respect among professionals are critical EP 2.1.8b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  18. 18. BSW Social Workers• Advocates• Brokers• Case managers• Counselors• Enablers• Evaluators• Problem solvers EP 2.1.8b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .

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