Chapter 10:The needs of children, youth,       and families   Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
Social Work: A Competency-           Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE)  - Defines Educational Po...
Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice ...
Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed  with the text provides assignable exer...
DefinitionA family may be defined as a group of individuals whoare bonded together through marriage, kinship,adoption, or ...
Family frameworks• Systems/ecological framework• Life-span development frameworkEP 2.1.7a            Copyright © 2012 Ceng...
A healthy family     •   Opportunity to express ideas and feelings     •   Absence of family secrets     •   Valuing of ev...
Defining family problems •   Cultural attitudes •   Community norms and values •   Attitudes and values •   Legal definiti...
Causes of family problems• Families have problems for many reasons• Some families experience similar problems for  differe...
Impact of culture and gender on       risk of experiencing family problems• Single women and people of color with children...
Changing family situations•   Divorce and separation•   Single parenting•   Gay and lesbian parenting•   Step-parenting an...
Family problems affecting children• Substance abuse• Spouse abuse• Child maltreatment EP 2.1.7a, b, 2.1.8a             Cop...
Factors that contribute to                 child abuse and neglect•   Child previously reported•   Parent abused as a chil...
Factors that contribute to          child abuse and neglect (cont’d)• Separation of a parent or child for a long period• P...
Child maltreatment•   Physical abuse•   Sexual abuse•   Psychological or emotional abuse•   Child neglectEP 2.1.7a, b     ...
Psychological maltreatment•    Rejecting•    Isolating•    Terrorizing•    Ignoring•    Corrupting    EP 2.1.7a, b        ...
Neglectful parents•   Apathy-futility syndrome•   Impulse-ridden behavior•   Mental retardation•   Reactive-depressive beh...
Problems associated with adolescents•   Violence and crime•   Suicide•   Runaways and homelessness•   School-related•   Te...
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Chapter 10 The Needs of Children, Youth and Families

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This chapter considers general issues and trends involving the needs of children, youth, and families; the types and extent of problems that influence children and adolescents and their families; and factors that place families at risk for encountering problems.

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Chapter 10 The Needs of Children, Youth and Families

  1. 1. Chapter 10:The needs of children, youth, and families Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  2. 2. Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  3. 3. Social Work: A Competency- Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) - Defines Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAs) - Developed 10 “Core Competencies” and 41 Related “Practice Behaviors” Every student should master the Practice Behaviors and Core Competencies before completing the program Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  4. 4. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice Behaviors and Competencies - “Competency Notes” at the end of the chapter help put the Practice Behaviors and Competencies in practical context Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  5. 5. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed with the text provides assignable exercises that assist in mastering the Practice Behavior and Competencies Additional on-line resources can be found at: www.cengage.com/socialwork Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  6. 6. DefinitionA family may be defined as a group of individuals whoare bonded together through marriage, kinship,adoption, or mutual agreementEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  7. 7. Family frameworks• Systems/ecological framework• Life-span development frameworkEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  8. 8. A healthy family • Opportunity to express ideas and feelings • Absence of family secrets • Valuing of everyone’s opinions and feelings • Flexible rules enforced with consistency • Positive energy • Opportunity for growth and change EP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing.
  9. 9. Defining family problems • Cultural attitudes • Community norms and values • Attitudes and values • Legal definitions • Availability of resourcesEP 2.1.7a, 2.1.7b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  10. 10. Causes of family problems• Families have problems for many reasons• Some families experience similar problems for different reasons• Problems often go together• Families experiencing one problem may have other problems as wellEP 2.1.7a, 2.1.7b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  11. 11. Impact of culture and gender on risk of experiencing family problems• Single women and people of color with children – feminization of poverty• Families who live in poverty• Children who grow up in families with little or no social supports EP 2.1.7b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  12. 12. Changing family situations• Divorce and separation• Single parenting• Gay and lesbian parenting• Step-parenting and blended familiesEP 2.1.7a, b, 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  13. 13. Family problems affecting children• Substance abuse• Spouse abuse• Child maltreatment EP 2.1.7a, b, 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  14. 14. Factors that contribute to child abuse and neglect• Child previously reported• Parent abused as a child• Age of the parent• Family composition• Domestic violence• Child-rearing approaches EP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  15. 15. Factors that contribute to child abuse and neglect (cont’d)• Separation of a parent or child for a long period• Parent’s or caretaker’s substance abuse• Physical, mental, or emotional impairment of the child• Physical, mental, or emotional impairment of the parent EP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  16. 16. Child maltreatment• Physical abuse• Sexual abuse• Psychological or emotional abuse• Child neglectEP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  17. 17. Psychological maltreatment• Rejecting• Isolating• Terrorizing• Ignoring• Corrupting EP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  18. 18. Neglectful parents• Apathy-futility syndrome• Impulse-ridden behavior• Mental retardation• Reactive-depressive behavior• Psychotic behaviorEP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing
  19. 19. Problems associated with adolescents• Violence and crime• Suicide• Runaways and homelessness• School-related• Teen pregnancy• Involvement in gangsEP 2.1.7a, b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing

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