Extreme Close Up: 1.Person - shows either head or head & Close Up: Film ShotsShows part of object in extremely close detail. shoulders. Full Shot: Shows the full height of the subject.Mid Shot: Waist or knees up.Long Shot: Overall view from a distance of Establishing Shot/Extreme Long Shot: contains whole scene. a lot of the landscape.
2. Camera AnglesLow Angle: Camera shoots up at subject. Used Overhead Angle / Birds-eye-view Angle to increase size, power, status of subject. Eye-level (no angle): standardHigh Angle: Camera shoots down at subject. Used to increase vulnerability, powerlessness, decrease size. Canted Angle: off kilter
Camera MovementThe Tilt: Movement up or down from a Panning: Camera moves from side to side stationary position. from a stationary position. Zooming: The camera is stationary, the lens moves closer to the subject (zoom in) or further away from the subject (zoom out). This is used frequently throughout the film and often rapidly. Camera Track/Crane Work: This enable the camera to move, arc and swoop in a fluid motion.
Moving On… Now lets look at how these camera shots and angles are used to position the audience and enhance the symbolism in “What’s Eating Gilbert Grape”
First of all… What is Symbolism? Symbolism can take place by having the theme of a story represented on a physical level. A simple example of this might be the occurrence of a storm at a critical point when there is conflict or high emotions.Examples: A river in a scene could represent the flow of life, from birth to death. Flowers can symbolize youth or beauty. Transition from day to night could symbolize goodness to evil or hope to despair.
Forms of Symbolism Visual Written Music and sound effects Non-verbal Verbal
Symbols around usThink of some symbols that are in our everydaylives?A green light tells you it is your turn to goA bell may signal the beginning of the schooldayA gold cross on a necklace suggests the weareris a Christian
Line of Caravans heading through the town Journey is initially perceived through the effective long shot of the endless road that stretches towards the horizon symbolically suggesting possibilities and opportunities or in other words freedom. However they appear just out of reach of Gilbert who remains stationary in the foreground, sitting while Arnie, his mentally-handicapped brother, is strutting around impatiently. As the caravans come into view in the distance the peaceful music picks up and the caravans seem to be ‘sparkling’ from their reflectors. This symbolizes a form of escape.
Mumma Symbolises personal, psychological journey from emotional entrapment and basically a prisoner in her own home- which is basically was gilbert is – trapped in this small town where there is nothing to do and nowhere to grow as a person.Mid shots are used mostly to position the audience that the size of themother takes up the whole shot- symbolising her major domineering roleand dependency role on her children.Long shots are also used, to show the true scale of the mother’s sizecompared to objects and other characters.
Symbolism Endora- Extreme Long shot and Panning which stops at the sign Endora Pharmacy- “End of Line Drugs” Becky- Close ups of emotion Fire as a Threat & Cleanser- Extreme Long shot of house burning The Water Tower and Arnie- Long shot of tank then zooms in on Arnie on the top
Activity:Choose 4 Symbolic features to examineWrite a paragraph on each symbol on what itrepresents (4-6 sentences)What is the symbolic feature and where does it fitinto the plot?How does it contribute to the overall theme of themovie?How does the shot angles used position theaudience and enhance the symbolism in thatscene/s