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Tech4101 1 93292-amira

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Tech4101 1 93292-amira

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department www.alaasadik.net alaasadik@squ.edu.om
  2. 2. Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
  3. 3. Background: 1.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century (see Wikipedia) → 2.Developments in various fields of technology (give examples) → 3.Offered new solutions for delivering instruction → 4.Learners’ interests (in what?) were enhanced → 5.Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education → 6.Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
  4. 4. What is distance education or distance learning? Defining the meaning of distance education may provide a good starting point to recognise its elements. Use Google to search for: define:distance education Defining Distance Education
  5. 5. Defining Distance Education ‘a term that covers the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms, but which, benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organisation’ (Holmberg, 1977, p. 9).
  6. 6. Defining Distance Education  Distance education is a method of education in which the learner is physically separated from the teacher by space and time.  Distance education materials are often structured in ways that facilitate learning at a distance. Rumble (1989)
  7. 7. Defining Distance Education  the majority of educational communication between the teacher and students occurs non-contiguously.  involve two-way communication technology between the teacher and students for the purpose of facilitating and supporting the educational process. Garrison and Shale 1990, p. 25
  8. 8. In Conclusion  The separation of teacher and learner;  The separation among learners;  The use of technology to deliver the subject matter; and  The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  9. 9. What is distance education or distance learning? Defining Distance Education mode of delivering education and instruction, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional setting such as a classroom. Distance learning provides "access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance, or both.
  10. 10. Distance Education Distance education : is when a student is not required to be physically present to attend regular classes and can appear for exams only. In certain cases, the student can attend weekend classes (if provided by the university). Distance education is basically designed keeping in mind the off-campus students, who unable to attend regular classes.
  11. 11. Distance Learning Distance Learning is :more like self-study, relying on course material sent from the University itself. But distance education comes as a boon not only for young aspiring students, but for many working professionals, housewives, school drop-outs as well.
  12. 12. Distance Education (old technology) Distance education dates back to at least as early as 1728 when an advertisement in the Boston Gazette promoted "Caleb Phillips, Teacher of the new method of Short Hand," who sought students who wanted to learn through weekly mailed lessons
  13. 13. Examples of Old Technology
  14. 14. Distance Education (modern technology) There's nothing new about that: human brains have been changing, adapting and developing in response to outside stimuli for centuries. Electronic devices and pharmaceutical drugs all have an impact on the micro- cellular structure and complex biochemistry of our brains. And that, in turn, affects our personality, our behavior and our characteristics. In short, the modern world could well be altering our human identity Read more:
  15. 15. Examples of Modern Technology
  16. 16. Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
  17. 17. Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.

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