The implementation of e learning


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The implementation of e learning

  1. 1. The implementation of<br />e-learning in the Arab Universities<br />Challenges and opportunities<br />Done by:<br />Abeer AL Maawali<br />Amal AL Hosni<br />Ruqaia AL Hashmi<br />Muna AL Dhouri<br />
  2. 2. Arab countries ande-learning<br />Arab countries face a critical need for open learning opportunities<br />Why ?!<br />
  3. 3. Demographic growth poses a challenge to the education systems.<br />Arab States have to ensure educational opportunities to 88 million students.<br />
  4. 4. competing demands for resources to ensure other basic needs such as nutrition, housing, health services<br />Arab States suffered from persistent troubles and conflicts, embargoes, occupation and wars.<br />
  5. 5. Most of the Arab countries’ population are amongst the poorest in the world.<br />Most services are concentrated in the towns.<br />In some countries, more than 75 % of the country’s telephone lines are concentrated in the capital city.<br />
  6. 6. Another systemic problem is that road, rail, and air transport networks are limited, costly to use, and often in poor condition<br />Most Arab countries have proven unable to meet the needs of all students<br />Establishing new educational institutions in Arab countries is hard and costly especially in rural areas which are in more need for such facilities.<br />
  7. 7. Challenges facing the implementation of e-learning in the Arab countries<br />ICT Infrastructure<br />Culture, Leadership and e-Learning Strategy.<br />The Local Content:<br />Copyright Issues<br />Instructors & Learners<br />
  8. 8. ICT Infrastructure<br />Globalization furthermore dictates the increasing use of technology, which is the most efficient means for production and communication.<br />
  9. 9. Culture, Leadership and e-Learning Strategy<br />
  10. 10. E-Learning is also a new way of thinking about learning, a totally new culture for learning.<br />We need to have the culture which will embrace e-Learning means and build the leadership support for that culture.<br />Culture, Leadership and e-Learning Strategy<br />
  11. 11. Many leaders have underestimated the complexities of the interactions between e-Learning and the working environment, and how truly difficult it is to change people's attitude.<br />Culture, Leadership and e-Learning Strategy<br />
  12. 12. Culture, Leadership and e-Learning Strategy<br />With so many stakeholders and business variables in the mix, a more strategic approach is necessary.<br />Building an e-Learning strategy requires us to address:<br />New approaches to e-Learning.<br />Learning architectures.<br />Infrastructure.<br />Learning Culture, and Management Ownership.<br />Sound business case.<br />Reinventing the training organization<br />
  13. 13. The Local Content<br />Very few organizations actually use the Internet for real education or business activities.<br /><ul><li>limited number of local people have access to the Internet,
  14. 14. limited skills available for digitizing and coding pages,
  15. 15. high costs of local Web-hosting services.</li></li></ul><li>The Local Content<br />Arab States face the problem of the usage of foreign language as the technological medium.<br />Citizens in Arab countries first and foremost prefer to access content that relates to their environment.<br />
  16. 16. Copyright Issues<br />
  17. 17. Copyright Issues<br />Copyright is a legal term describing rights given to creators for their literary and artistic works.<br />Copyright is one of the very important challenges for the e-Learning especially for the Arab countries.<br />Authors and trainers make greater use of the Web, they face greater risks involving copyright law.<br />
  18. 18. Continue<br />Having a clear copyright policy for the online training is mandatory.<br />great attention should be paid to the issue of the copyright ownership for the material of a web-based courses.<br />A special copyright agreement should be done between the different parties to resolve such problems.<br />
  19. 19. Instructors & Learners<br />e-Learning is not just introducing new technology for learning, but also a new way of thinking about learning.<br />E-Learning needs special specifications of the way of designing its content and also the way of receiving the content.<br />The quality of e-Learning relies heavily on the preparation and the talent of the instructor.<br />
  20. 20. continue<br />Instructors who deal with e-Learning should have special skills.<br />
  21. 21. Characteristics for E- learner<br />Being able to learn independently and view learning positively.<br />Being able to make the best use of their time, have self-disciplined, and enjoying working alone most of the time.<br />Being able to clearly express themselves in writing.<br />Having good computer and Internet skills.<br />
  22. 22. Having the need for knowledge, but incapable of attending traditional training or education.<br />Being revel in solving problems.<br />
  23. 23. Opportunities of the e-learning in the Arab countries<br />We can classified the opportunities of e-learning in the Arab countries into two main categories:<br />Business opportunities <br />Flexible learning environments<br />
  24. 24. First: Business opportunities <br />1. Enhancing the ICT Infrastructure.<br />community centers or private cyber cafes<br />projects for Internet Exchange Points “IXP”:<br />limited band width<br />reduce the cost for the ISPs<br />
  25. 25. Cont. <br />2. Local Content Development:<br />Projects for digitizing the Arab countries cultural heritage.<br /><ul><li>raising the level of education
  26. 26. Overcoming the illiteracy problem
  27. 27. raising the awareness between citizens</li></li></ul><li>Cont.<br />3. Support Services Providers:<br />Translation services<br />Content localization service .<br />Why??<br />
  28. 28. Cont.<br />4. Technical Support Providers:<br />Web developers, software developers, multimedia developers, graphics designers, database administrators,<br />WAN and LAN administrators, networks security systems specialists,<br />maintenance specialists & technicians, networks installation<br />
  29. 29. Cont.<br />5. Marketing Support Providers:<br />Providing e-learning requires a support from marketing and publicity agents like:<br /><ul><li>market surveying, data analysis, strategies and plans,
  30. 30. designing publicity brochures, marketing and sales kits, advertising campaigns.
  31. 31. preparing mailing lists and arranging for conferences and exhibitions</li></li></ul><li>Second: flexible learning environments<br />The combination of Information that are easily, quickly, and inexpensively reachable through WWW and the Computers network had the greatest impact on the drive towards “e-Learning”.<br />
  32. 32. References :<br />The implementation of e-learning in the Arab Universities:<br />Challenges and opportunities<br />Paper to be presented at DLI 2006, Tokyo, Japan<br />Ahmed Yousif Abdelraheem<br />Sultan Qaboos University<br />College of education<br />Instructional and Learning technologies Department<br />P.O. Box 32, Postal Code 123<br />Alkhoud, Sultanate of Oman<br />Email:<br />Tell#: + 96892220197<br />Fax #: +96824413817<br />Tokyo, November 2006<br />