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Human Development Index Visualization

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Presentation of website project that introduces the concept of Human Development Index, which includes an interactive visualization (choropleth and cartogram) and a table with sparklines (of some selected countries).

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Human Development Index Visualization

  1. 1. Human Development Index A Brief Introduction Omar Sosa-Tzec School of Informatics & Computing Indiana University Bloomington info i590 Data Visualization Instructor: YY Ahn - T.A.: Vikas Rao Pejaver Indiana University Bloomington Fall 2014
  2. 2. Motivation Is there a way to understand a complex situation? To what extent is important to understand that situation? What approach to follow?
  3. 3. Malala Yousafzai, Nobel Peace Prize 2014
  4. 4. Mexico Rhetoric Situation Poverty GNI WB Data
  5. 5. GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Country 1990 2000 2013 Canada 20,430 22,530 52,200 USA 24,150 36,090 53,670 Mexico 2,740 5,690 9,940 Norway 26,010 35,860 102,610 China 330 920 6,50
  6. 6. Purchasing power parity Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amounts of goods and services in the domestic market as U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Country 1990 2000 2013 Canada 1.25 1.23 1.237 USA 1 1 1 Mexico 1.43 6.09 7.99 Norway 9.70 9.11 9.04 China 1.63 2.74 3.5
  7. 7. Mexico Rhetoric Situation Data Education UNESCO
  8. 8. Number of graduates from tertiary education Country 1999 2006 2013 Canada 225,050 N/A N/A USA 2,069,033 2,639,006 3,308,494 Mexico 274,648 414,838 533,867 Norway 28,609 33,529 40,346 China N/A 5,622,795 9,135,720
  9. 9. Graduates in relation to population Country 1999 2006 2012 Canada 0.73% N/A N/A USA 0.74% 0.88% 1.05% Mexico 0.27% 0.37% 0.44% Norway 0.64% 0.72% 0.80% China N/A 0.43% 0.68%
  10. 10. According to income-based measures of poverty, 1.2 billion people live with $1.25 or less a day. However, according to the UNDP Multidimensional Poverty Index, almost 1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries are living in poverty with overlapping deprivations in health, education and living standards. And although poverty is declining overall, almost 800 million people are at risk of falling back into poverty if setbacks occur. Many people face either structural or life-cycle vulnerabilities. UNDP Human Development Reports
  11. 11. Mexico Rhetoric Situation Poverty GNI WB Education UNESCO Quality of Life HDI? The World Data
  12. 12. UNDP Human Development Reports Human Development Index
  13. 13. A possible approach to comprehend the idea of “wealth” in a broader sense UNDP Human Development Reports Human Development Index
  14. 14. Related Work What has been done? What has caught my attention?
  15. 15. UNDP HDR Public Data Explorer
  16. 16. UNDP HDR Public Data Explorer
  17. 17. UNDP HDR “Map”
  18. 18. UNDP HDR “Map”
  19. 19. Worldmapper Population Cartogram
  20. 20. Worldmapper Population Cartogram
  21. 21. Inspiration: Visions of Humanity
  22. 22. Inspiration: Visions of Humanity
  23. 23. Other sources of inspiration
  24. 24. Approach, Design and Methods
  25. 25. Ideation Sketching Observation D3 Examples Data Collection Search Re!lection & Analysis Tweaking Choropleth Cartogram Data HTML/CSS Web brochure! JS
  26. 26. Sketches
  27. 27. Data •HDI values from the UN website: [0,1] •Education indexes from UNESCO: disregarded •Total Population from the World Bank •Primary dataset: HDI trends by UNDP HDR •Data available: 1980,1990, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013 •Secondary dataset: total population from WB •Data available for all the HDI values
  28. 28. Initial digital sketching
  29. 29. Digital sketching
  30. 30. Digital sketching: visualization rationale
  31. 31. Results
  32. 32. Final visualization http://tzec.com/hdi
  33. 33. Insights
  34. 34. From the visualization •Besides China, India, and USA, the population from the rest of the world seems to increase slowly. •It seems that everyone is doing it well. HDI seems to increase “linearly” for everyone, slowly though. •In terms of HDI, India seems to be behind in the BRIC •There are issues in the center of Africa
  35. 35. From making the visualization •Tempted to use the cartogram for the HDI. Yet, I decided to follow the “population” as in a normal cartogram •I wasn't pleased, and have to tweak the cartogram until I felt I was “not misleading”. There're rhetorical decisions in data/ information visualization. •Color, typography and composition are relevant. •I found e!fective the use of small multiples, sparklines, linear representation for quantities, pre-attentive processing, layering, redundancy
  36. 36. http://tzec.com/hdi The images here shown are property of their author, and some of them have been taken from the results of a web search. All of them are employed for mere academic purposes. Thank you!

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