Domestic abuse presentation

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As part of out module on New Approaches to Crime, we was asked to produced a presentation on Domestic Abuse

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  • Domestic abuse presentation

    1. 1. Anne Watson Tymika Lax Pamela Bates Hollie Gornall
    2. 2. According to the oxford dictionary Domestic Abuse is; violent or aggressive behaviour within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner (Oxford Dictionary, Online, 2013) 
    3. 3.  The Government defines domestic violence as "Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality." This includes issues of concern to black and minority ethnic (BME) communities such as so called 'honour killings'. (Domestic Violence London, Online, 2013)
    4. 4.  Physical abuse in a domestic setting is continual hitting, punching, kicking, or any form of non accidental physical touching which is performed to harm and intimidate with in the relationship.  Two women are killed by their violent partners or an ex-partner in England and Wales every week. (Women’s Aid).
    5. 5.  Financial Abuse can come in many forms, the main form is the perpetrator keeping control of all earnings to gain control of their spouse. Other aspects of Financial Abuse would be the perpetrator to stop their spouse from entering any paid work or education to stop them from gaining confidence to leave. Another form of Abuse would be the refusal to contribute toward house hold expenses, leaving the financial strain to the victim.
    6. 6.  Emotional Abuse allows one person to gain power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually undermine the other’s self respect. Emotional abuse can be difficult to identify, as there is no scars or marks, and the torment can continue indefinitely. (Counselling Directory, Online, 2013)
    7. 7. Psychological Abuse can be verbal or nonverbal. Its aim is to chip away at the confidence and independence of victims with the intention of making them compliant and limiting their ability to leave.  Many Psychologically Abused women define the psychological effects of domestic abuse as having a ‘more profound effect on their liveseven where there have been life-threatening or disabling physical violence . (Domestic Violence London) 
    8. 8.  Verbal abuse creates emotional pain and mental anguish. It is a lie told to you or about you. Generally, verbal abuse defines people telling them what they are, what they think, their motives, and so forth. The best way to deal with a verbally abusive relationship, whether you are the target of verbal abuse or the perpetrator, is to find out everything you can about verbally abusive relationships and their dynamics. Usually one person is blaming, accusing, even name calling, and the other is defending and explaining. (Verbal Abuse, Online, 2013)
    9. 9. Tracy Chapman illustrates domestic abuse in her song ‘Behind The Wall’ http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=vv0_G88vFk 4
    10. 10. Domestic violence is a widespread problem comprising 18% of all violent incidents. It has the highest rate of repeat victimisation of any crime with 44% of victims victimised more than once in the past 12 months. Whilst victims can apply for civil remedies to protect themselves from perpetrators, preventing domestic violence will bring significant benefits in terms of public protection and reducing health and criminal justice costs. The consultation will focus on whether a national scheme should be introduced to protect women from serial domestic abuse perpetrators by establishing a recognised and consistent process for the police to disclose information to potential victims about previous violent offences committed by a partner.
    11. 11.  Emotional and Verbal abuse statistics are hard to find.  There is not many cases of this type of abuse reported.  This is because it is often concealed and there is no standard definition but is yet the most common.
    12. 12.  Any one  Any where  Can fall in to being a victim of Domestic Abuse
    13. 13. Victims can be in different types of relationships. These include Heterosexual relationships, Same sex relationships, Transgender relationships and teenager relationships The majority of victims of domestic violence are women. Women who fall victim to domestic violence do so and it does not matter about their Ethnicity, religion, class, age, sexuality, disability or lifestyle.
    14. 14. Perpetrator's of domestic violence come from all different walks of life. To the outside the perpetrator can seem like any other person until they are behind closed doors. The majority of perpetrators in domestic abuse incidents are found to be men. This results in it being 92% of males who are perpetrators in domestic abuse cases.
    15. 15.   Domestic violence may start when one partner feels the need to control and dominate the other. Abusers may feel this need to control their partner because of low self-esteem, extreme jealousy, difficulties in regulating anger and other strong emotions, or when they feel inferior to the other partner in education and socioeconomic background. Some men with very traditional beliefs may think they have the right to control women, and that women aren’t equal to men. This domination then takes the form of emotional, physical or sexual abuse. Studies suggest that violent behaviour often is caused by an interaction of situational and individual factors. That means that abusers learn violent behaviour from their family, people in their community and other cultural influences as they grow up. They may have seen violence often or they may have been victims themselves.
    16. 16. Children who witness or are the victims of violence may learn to believe that violence is a reasonable way to resolve conflict between people. Boys who learn that women are not to be valued or respected and who see violence directed against women are more likely to abuse women when they grow up. Girls who witness domestic violence in their families of origin are more likely to be victimized by their own husbands.  Alcohol and other chemical substances may contribute to violent behaviour. A drunk or high person will be less likely to control his or her violent impulses. 
    17. 17.  Helena Bonham Carter voiced an advert for MTV highlighting the severity of Verbal Abuse within the home.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cm BgPsK-Im0
    18. 18.  “Emotional abuse is underneath all other types of abuse - the most damaging aspect of physical, sexual, mental, etc. abuse is the trauma to our hearts and souls from being betrayed by the people that we love and trust.” Burney, R (1995).
    19. 19.  Emotional abuse is: "any act including confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation, infantilization, or any other treatment which may diminish the sense of identity, dignity, and self-worth. Hidden Hurt (2012).
    20. 20.  Feeling of depression  Withdrawal from social interaction  Isolation from friends and family  Low self-esteem  Fearfulness  Increased anxiety  Guilty feeling  Feeling of shame  Mood changes  Nervous feeling  Not trusting others  Frequent blaming on others  Self-blaming  Pessimistic behaviour  Substance or drug abuse  Extreme dependence on others  Avoiding eye-contact  Telling lies  Aggressive behaviour  Emotional instability  Suicidal attempts
    21. 21.          Actions of ignoring, ridiculing, disrespecting, and criticizing others consistently. A manipulation of words. Purposeful humiliation of others. Accusing others falsely for the purpose of manipulating a person’s decision making. Manipulating people to submit to undesirable behaviour. Making others feel unwanted and unloved. Threatening to leave the family destitute. Placing the blame and cause of the abuse onto others. Isolating a person from some type of support system, consisting of friends or family.
    22. 22.    The Criminal justice system is made up of several organisations working together to help victims of domestic abuse, including the Police, Women’s Aid, Witness Service and the CPS to name a few Charities such as Women’s Aid have in place MARAC – MULTI AGENCY RISK ASSESSMENT CONFERENCES. MARAC risk assess high risk Domestic Violence victims and situations, bringing in multiple agencies to implement a coordinated safety plan. The conferences include social services, the police and many more. If a Domestic Violence situation is of low to medium risk, help and assistance will still be given to aid the victim.
    23. 23. The Police have specially trained officers to assist in Domestic Abuse cases and can help refer you to get the full extent of help needed, ie – housing, injunctions or further advice.  The CPS decide whether there are substantial grounds to prosecute the perpetrator. The CPS have many rules on which they deem to be Domestic Violence,  -Throwing articles whether they miss or not. -Harming or threatening to harm a pet. -Prevention from seeking medical attention. -Secret administration of drugs. -These are just a few rules the CPS adhere to use.
    24. 24. Media generally portrays Domestic Violence as Physical or Sexual Abuse, rarely focusing on Emotional and Verbal Abuse. Only with new legislation being brought in by the government on the 31st March 2013 changing domestic abuse definition and a change in the age, have the media started to delve more into domestic violence. Most media coverage of Domestic Abuse covers abuse to celebrities or murders from abusive relationships.
    25. 25.  The media highlights perpetrators and how it is a strength for victims to find justice for themselves. But in reporting celebrity acts of domestic violence it doesn’t show much justice with the sentences handed out being community service. For a victim truly terrified of their perpetrator community service would not seem enough justice.
    26. 26. This image is to highlight that domestic abuse happens in any type of relationship regardless of colour or religious affiliation. It is used on internet media sites as a link to the Foundations website.
    27. 27. When celebrities tell their personal stories of abuse to the media it tends to get a lot of media coverage which can be damaging to victims who are not acknowledged, making them believe their invisible but on the other hand can be beneficial of highlighting domestic abuse and agencies available.
    28. 28. “Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass, but is not limited to, the following types of abuse:  psychological  physical  sexual  financial  emotional 
    29. 29.  As a group are recommendations are:  To continue with Domestic Abuse Awareness using;  Posters and Leaflets in a variety of public places.  Raising the awareness of the different types of abuse within classrooms in schools.
    30. 30. British Medical Journal, 2010. Domestic Abuse is not rare. [Online] Available at: http://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011/11/03/domestic-abuse-not-rare [Accessed 27 02 2013]. Burney, R., 2008. Joy2MeU. [Online] Available at: http://www.joy2meu.com/emotional_abuse.html [Accessed 16 03 2013]. Crown Prosecution Service, 2013. CPS Policy for Prosecuting Cases of Domestic Violence. [Online] Available at: http://www.cps.gov.uk/publications/prosecution/domestic/domv.html#header [Accessed 27 03 2013]. Dex, R., 2012. The Independant. [Online] Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/007-sir-roger-moore-was-victimof-domestic-violence-8130816.html [Accessed 17 03 2013]. Domestic Violence London, 2013. Emotional or Psychological Abuse. [Online] Available at: http://www.domesticviolencelondon.nhs.uk/1-what-is-domestic-violence-/3emotional-or-psychological-abuse.html [Accessed 11 04 2013].
    31. 31. Hidden Hurt, 2012. Emotional Abuse. [Online] Available at: http://www.joy2meu.com/emotional_abuse.html [Accessed 15 03 2013]. Home Office, 2012. gov.uk. [Online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/157807/consultati on-responses.pdf [Accessed 12 03 2013]. Home Office, 2012. gov.uk. [Online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/97923/english-3steps.pdf [Accessed 12 02 2013]. inc, B. a. M. F., 2013. Shining the light on Domestic Violence. [Online] Available at: http://www.blackandmissinginc.com/wordpress/2012/10/shining-the-light-ondomestic-violence/ [Accessed 27 03 2013]. Lane, L., 2013. Emotional Abuse. [Online] Available at: http://www.lilaclane.com/relationships/emotional-abuse/ [Accessed 27 03 2013].
    32. 32. Smith, L., 2012. The Mirror. [Online] Available at: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/justin-lee-collins-guilty-ex-girlfriend-1370429 [Accessed 24 03 2013]. Smith, M. & Segal, J., 2013. Domestic Violence and Abuse. [Online] Available at: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm [Accessed 11 04 2013]. Women's Aid, 2013. Domestic Violence: The Myths. Bristol: Women's Aid Federation of England. Women's Aid, 2013. Local Services. [Online] Available at: http://www.womensaid.org.uk/azrefuges.asp?section=00010001000800060002&region_code=01Q Q&x=6&y=8&ref=8030 [Accessed 27 03 2013]

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