Ecoprueba

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Ecoprueba

  1. 1. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Mountain Watch Report and the Bishkek Global Mountain Summit                                                                 
  2. 2. Mountains of the World Source: Mountain Watch (UNEP-WCMC 2002) Categories of mountain terrain Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems
  3. 3. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems The Importance of Mountain Environments <ul><li>Cover about a quarter of the world’s land surface </li></ul><ul><li>Provides services to lowland peoples, including clean </li></ul><ul><li>water, energy, food, recreation, and protection from </li></ul><ul><li>natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Important areas for biodiversity are concentrated in </li></ul><ul><li>mountain regions (areas of diversity and endemicity for </li></ul><ul><li>plants, birds and amphibians) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Exceptional biodiversity in mountain regions - EBAs, CPDs and amphibian hotspots Source: WWF-IUCN (1994), Stattersfield et al . (1998), Duellman (1999) Areas of importance
  5. 5. <ul><li>Ecosystem services: mountains influence rainfall patterns and mountain forests prevent erosion & floods </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain communities are marginalised, with little </li></ul><ul><li>access to urban resources and limited agricultural land </li></ul><ul><li>Language diversity in mountains is high, and </li></ul><ul><li>threatened languages are common in mountain </li></ul><ul><li>regions </li></ul>The Importance of Mountain Environments Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems
  6. 6. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Mountain languages Based on data collated by Matthew Dryer (University at Buffalo) at http://linguistics.buffalo.edu/people/faculty/dryer/dryer/atlas.locations; number of speakers from Ethnologue (2001)
  7. 7. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Mountains Under Threat A pressure scenario: infrastructural development <ul><li>The ‘Markets First’ scenario from UNEP/GRID-Arendal simulates the impact of development of roads, dams, </li></ul><ul><li>pipelines and other infrastructure on biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>The scenario suggests that the abundance of wildlife in mountain regions by 2035 could be seriously affected by development </li></ul><ul><li>In Australasia and South East Asian, nearly half the mountain area experienced a high impact on biodiversity under the model </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Infrastructure impacts, 2035 Source: GLOBIO data from UNEP/GRID-Arendal, as UNEP (2002)
  9. 9. Synthesis of pressures <ul><li>Seven pressure variables were brought together: fires, earthquake hazard, climate change, human conflict, suitability for agriculture and infrastructure development. The most severe impacts from each were combined in a single map. </li></ul><ul><li>In the tropics the northern Andes, the African Rift Valley and Sumatra stand out. In temperate regions Eurasia, </li></ul><ul><li>including the Balkans, the Middle East, and the high </li></ul><ul><li>mountains of Central Asia experience a high number of </li></ul><ul><li>pressures </li></ul>Mountains Under Threat Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems
  10. 10. Integrated pressures for mountain regions Source: Mountain Watch (UNEP-WCMC 2002) Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems No. of severe pressures
  11. 11. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Mountains Under Threat Pressures and biodiversity values <ul><li>The integrated pressure map was brought together with the biodiversity map to highlight areas that are experiencing multiple pressures </li></ul><ul><li>The areas of exceptional biodiversity under particularly severe pressure include the forest ecosystems of the north-west Andes, California and the Caucasus region. </li></ul><ul><li>Such areas should be considered as priorities for global </li></ul><ul><li>conservation action in mountain areas. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Integrated pressures and values for mountain regions Source: Mountain Watch (UNEP-WCMC 2002)
  13. 13. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Bishkek Global Mountain Summit <ul><li>War, poverty, hunger, climate change and environmental </li></ul><ul><li>degradation are threatening the web of life that mountains </li></ul><ul><li>support. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bishkek Global Mountain Summit will be the final </li></ul><ul><li>global event of the 2002 United Nations International </li></ul><ul><li>Year of Mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing together the ideas and recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>generated throughout the year, from all levels and </li></ul><ul><li>sectors of society. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Bishkek Global Mountain Summit The agenda includes: <ul><li>New international and regional agreements and </li></ul><ul><li>co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>As well as topics like tourism, biological and cultural </li></ul><ul><li>diversity, and conflicts in mountain areas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bishkek Global Mountain Summit Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Confirmed key speakers include: <ul><li>Askar Akaev, President of the Kyrgyz Republic </li></ul><ul><li>His Highness the Aga Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Koichiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Klaus Töpfer, Executive Director of the UNEP </li></ul><ul><li>Hans van Ginkel, Rector of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Maria Figueres, Managing Director, </li></ul><ul><li>World Economic Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Zmarek Shalizi, Director, World Development </li></ul><ul><li>Report 2002, World Bank </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Bishkek Global Mountain Summit <ul><li>The Bishkek Mountain Platform : a framework for action for sustainable mountain development. </li></ul><ul><li>A draft resolution to the United Nations General Assembly on sustainable development of mountain regions. </li></ul><ul><li>International Partnership for Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions , based on the Platform and on the partnership initiative launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), with identified stakeholders and actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a network of Mountain Developing States (MODS). </li></ul><ul><li>The Central Asian Mountain Charter </li></ul>Envisaged outcomes:
  17. 17. Bishkek Global Mountain Summit Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems
  18. 18. Mountain Watch The first global assessment of mountain ecosystems Mountain Watch Report and the Bishkek Global Mountain Summit 29 th October to 1 st November 2002 Presspack information and Images: 15 Photographs and images with captions http://www.unep-wcmc.org/mw_bishkek_presspack Moving Images TVE International (Television Trust for the Environment) Robert, Lamb Executive Director TVE  Tel: +44 (0)20 7586 5526 email robert.lamb@tve.org.uk

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