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The Evolving Landscape of Course Content

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  • Hi Don, thanks for your input. If you look more closely at slide 5, you'll see that I did accurately state that the figure reflects student budgets, not student spending, and clearly cited the source where readers can learn more about the statistic.
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  • __Hi Nicole, Slide 5 is a misleading factoid which has lead many others [including BCcampus] into believing and to misquoting “Students spend $1200/yr on textbooks”. Textbook sales are not $23B. The average U.S. student spending on new textbooks is approx. $300 - when estimated by dividing Higher Education publishing sales [approx. $6B] by the number of students [approx.19.5 million]. When citing the College Board Survey figure, $1,207, please add “Note that the data for books and supplies [-] are estimates, often based on estimates of student budgets by financial aid offices.” [NCES National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/2006153.pdf ].
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The Evolving Landscape of Course Content

  1. 1. The Evolving Landscape of Course Content @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Nicole Allen (@txtbks) Director of Open Education, SPARC Charleston Conference | November 6, 2014 Except where otherwise noted...
  2. 2. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Physics: Principles With Applications, 7th Edition by Douglas C. Giancoli
  3. 3. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://uncg.bncollege.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/BNCBTBListView
  4. 4. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://uncg.bncollege.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/BNCBTBListView
  5. 5. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for the 2013-2014 academic year Source http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate- budgets-2013-14
  6. 6. while tuition and fees increased by 89 percent and overall consumer prices grew by 28 percent. Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 8
  7. 7. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  8. 8. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  9. 9. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-williamson/ dp/9780132992787
  10. 10. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-williamson/ dp/9780132992787
  11. 11. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
  12. 12. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “Market Failure” www.sparc.arl.org
  13. 13. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 2 in 3 Students say they decided against buying a textbook because the cost is too high Source http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  14. 14. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks Source http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  15. 15. Students can’t learn from materials they can’t afford @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  16. 16. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  17. 17. Teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Hewlett Foundation
  18. 18. Free, immediate online access to scientific & scholarly articles with full reuse rights Budapest Open Access Initiative @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1. Free (no cost, no barriers) 2. Open (right to fully use)
  20. 20. The$5Rs$ The “5R” Permissions Retain • Make and own copies Reuse • Use in a wide range of ways Revise • Adapt, modify, and improve Remix • Combine two or more @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Redistribute • Share with others Adapted from slides by David Wiley, available under CCBY. See www.opencontent.org for full 5R definition.
  21. 21. open licenses that work with © to enable free sharing and reuse www.creativecommons.org @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  22. 22. ADVANCING OER @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  23. 23. 1. Creating OER (open textbooks, open courses) @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  24. 24. Open Textbook (Example) @txtbks | sparc.arl.org • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  25. 25. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
  26. 26. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/ • Building 20 open textbooks for high enrollment courses • Tools to support books • Authors compensated with up-front payment • $30 million saved by students
  27. 27. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://opencourselibrary.org/
  28. 28. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://opencourselibrary.org/ • Funded by state legislature • 81 highest enrollment courses • Free and low cost materials • $7M+ savings to date, 4x original investment
  29. 29. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oli.cmu.edu/courses/
  30. 30. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oli.cmu.edu/courses/ • Free and open courses • Data driven design that include real time feedback • Data used to improve materials • Data also used in research on how students learn
  31. 31. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 2. Sharing OER www.sparc.arl.org (OCW, repositories)
  32. 32. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  33. 33. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from
  34. 34. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.oercommons.org
  35. 35. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/
  36. 36. 3. Supporting OER @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  37. 37. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce costs to both institutions and learners, while at the same time improving student success. However, many institutional leaders are unsure what to do to help their institutions, faculty, and learners take full advantage of OER. This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Dr. David Wiley and education technology strategist Kim Thanos, Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. After years of pioneering work in open education as individuals, David and Kim collaborated on the Next Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative in 2012 to replace textbooks with OER in community college classrooms. Project goals included lowering textbook costs by 50% and improving student success rates. No one was quite prepared for the actual project outcomes, which resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks to $0 and improving average student success rates by over 10% compared to student performance in the same courses offered by the same instructors in prior years. You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative on the Successful Projects page. http://www.lumenlearning.org Adding this concrete proof to the body of evidence supporting OER, David and Kim decided to join forces to help more educational institutions and students realize gains like these. Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty address the major challenges of OER adoption:
  38. 38. • Startup company provides soup to nuts support for OER adoption • Template courses that faculty adapt • Performs assessments on outcomes @txtbks | sparc.arl.org About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce costs to both institutions and learners, while at the same time improving student success. However, many institutional leaders are unsure what to do to help their institutions, faculty, and learners take full advantage of OER. This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Dr. David Wiley and education technology strategist Kim Thanos, Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. After years of pioneering work in open education as individuals, David and Kim collaborated on the Next Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative in 2012 to replace textbooks with OER in community college classrooms. Project goals included lowering textbook costs by 50% and improving student success rates. No one was quite prepared for the actual project outcomes, which resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks to $0 and improving average student success rates by over 10% compared to student performance in the same courses offered by the same instructors in prior years. You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative on the Successful Projects page. http://www.lumenlearning.org Adding this concrete proof to the body of evidence supporting OER, David and Kim decided to join forces to help more educational institutions and students realize gains like these. Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty address the major challenges of OER adoption:
  39. 39. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  40. 40. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu • Catalog of open textbooks containing 100+ • Faculty reviews • Runs workshops at campuses across the country
  41. 41. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/ sparc-libraries-oer-forum
  42. 42. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org IMPACT
  43. 43. Tidewater Community College is making college more affordable. The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more than the rates of inflation, health care, new home prices, and college tuition. More and more, college students are unable to afford their textbooks, and as many as 70% of students have reported avoiding buying at least one textbook for their courses. Not surprisingly, these students do not do as well academically. As of May 2013, if a TCC student purchased all of the textbooks required for a business administration degree, that student would spend $3,678.95 on new books. While used textbooks may lower this price, their availability is, at best, uneven. But the problem with printed textbooks goes beyond financial cost; textbooks “ cost” students and teachers in other ways as well. Beginning in Fall 2013, TCC became the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based solely on open educational resources (OER), academically vetted and publicly licensed content. After a one-semester pilot project, the true measures of accomplishment are @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Because textbooks are frequently written for broad audiences in the hopes that they will fill the learning support needs and be adopted by large numbers of faculty and departments, they are filled with content and exercises that are superfluous to a specific course’ s learning outcomes. The cost here is in teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Fortunately a solution to both problems exists. • student success • and increased instructor effectiveness. Source http://www.tcc.edu/news/press/2014/zdegreecbn.htm Early data suggest the Z-Degree will meet both goals. Z Courses experienced greater student retention and fewer student withdrawals. Grades were comparable with textbook-based courses. Almost 99% of students
  44. 44. Supporting Adoption @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842 Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a and learners, while at the same time improving unsure what to do to help their institutions, This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, After years of pioneering work in open education Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded textbooks with OER in community college 50% and improving student success rates. resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks 10% compared to student performance in You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Adding this concrete proof to the body of help more educational institutions and students Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty ! Finding quality content and mapping around the country to review and aggregate into Open Courses that match general course frameworks online. This process individual or institution to download and ! Incorporating OER into academic consulting services to help institutional sense to introduce OER into courses
  45. 45. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://pm4id.org/
  46. 46. The Medieval Lecture @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Laurentius_de_Voltolina_001.jp g (public domain)
  47. 47. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org The Modern Lecture http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:5th_Floor_Lecture_Hall. jpg (CC BY-SA)
  48. 48. “Open” enables all that technology makes possible @txtbks | sparc.arl.org

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