@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Educational
Resources
Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org)
Director of Open Education, SPARC
N...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic
Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Macroeconomics (5th Edition) by Stephen D. Williamson
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-
williamson/dp/9780132992...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-
williamson/dp/9780132992...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.studentpirgs.org/sites/student/files/reports/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution_4.pdf
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368
Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textboo...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
$1,207
Average student budget for books and
supplies for the 2013-2014 academic
year
Source http:/...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
1 in 2
Students say they have at some
point taken fewer courses due to
the cost of textbooks
http:...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
65% of students report skipping a
required textbook because of the
high price
Source http://www.st...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
You can’t learn from
materials you can’t
afford
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
“Broken Economics”
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image CC BY-SA by Willi Heidelbach from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Metal_movable_type.jpg
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-437380p1.htmlwww.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://tansyfiredragon.blogspot.com/2012/07/chchchchanges.html
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image CC BY-SA by Anita Hart from https://www.flickr.com/photos/anitakhart/4315463180/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image CC BY-SA from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Encyclopaedia_Britannica_15_with_2002.jpg
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://www.wikipedia.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image CC BY by woodleywonderworks https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/3894173886/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://sfbay.craigslist.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Then vs. Now
Analog  Digital
Tethered  Mobile
Concealing  Sharing
Isolated  Connected
Generic ...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
“For the first time in human
history we have the tools to
enable everyone to attain all
the educat...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
How do we enable
everything the digital
environment makes
possible?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OPEN
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
“OER are textbooks and
other academic materials that
are published online for
everyone to use, ada...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
1. Free
(no cost, no barriers)
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
2. Open
(right to fully use)
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-07/11/copyright-hub-lacks-cc-options
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
“All Rights Reserved” is
like “Call Me Maybe”
Source http://www.soundmagonline.com/copyedit-your-s...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Licensing
Amends the default terms of © to
“Some Rights Reserved” to allow
free and open use
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
(easy-to-use open licenses)
www.creativecommons.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Licenses
• Permission to freely and openly use
• In advance
• To all users (the public)
• For...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
See www.opencontent.org for full definition.
The “5R’s” of Openness
All users have the right to:
•...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://pm4id.org/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Barriers for OER
• Awareness of OER as an option
• Discovery of appropriate OER
• Evaluating the q...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Two parts:
1. Creating OER
2. Adopting OER
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OER Creation Models
• Business models
• Government funding
• Institution funding
• Author incentiv...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OER Adoption Models
• Individual seek-and-find
• Professional development
• Librarian support
• In...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OpenCourseWare
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.oeconsortium.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/translated-courses/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://cnx.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
• Online platform where anyone
can post materials
• Tools to assemble, edit, and
share materials
•...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Publishing
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
• 20 open textbooks for high
enrollment courses
• Compar...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Textbook (Example)
• Free online
• Free PDF
• Free ePub
• Print $49.73
• Instructor can adapt...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&lang...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-c...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-c...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.webassign.net/opentexts
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Public Funding
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/
• 81 highest enrollment
courses
• Materials cost $30 o...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Institutional Initiatives
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more
than the rates of ...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Supporting Adoption
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://www.teleread.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/bookstorerummage.jpg
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
About Lumen Learning
Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Supporting Adoption
Developmental Math Results"
Percentage passing with C or better
48.40%
60.18%
...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
• Offers mini gran...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
• Goal to save students $250K in
2 years
• Students voted to use fees to
hire fu...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://open.umn.edu
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
What course content do you
use? Can you include OER?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
What kind of educational
content do you produce? Can it
be open?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Advancing our systems
for sharing information
toward openness
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Educational
Resources
Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org)
Director of Open Education, SPARC
N...
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Overview of Open Educational Resources (NSCC Faculty Institute, 6/10/14

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Overview of Open Educational Resources (NSCC Faculty Institute, 6/10/14

  1. 1. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC North Shore Community College | June 10, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…
  2. 2. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. www.sparc.arl.org
  3. 3. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Macroeconomics (5th Edition) by Stephen D. Williamson
  4. 4. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  5. 5. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  6. 6. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d- williamson/dp/9780132992787
  7. 7. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d- williamson/dp/9780132992787
  8. 8. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
  9. 9. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.studentpirgs.org/sites/student/files/reports/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution_4.pdf
  10. 10. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent.
  11. 11. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for the 2013-2014 academic year Source http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate- budgets-2013-14
  12. 12. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  13. 13. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 65% of students report skipping a required textbook because of the high price Source http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market The vast majority of these students thought it could hurt their grades
  14. 14. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  15. 15. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org You can’t learn from materials you can’t afford
  16. 16. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “Broken Economics”
  17. 17. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image CC BY-SA by Willi Heidelbach from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Metal_movable_type.jpg
  18. 18. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-437380p1.htmlwww.sparc.arl.org
  20. 20. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://tansyfiredragon.blogspot.com/2012/07/chchchchanges.html
  21. 21. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image CC BY-SA by Anita Hart from https://www.flickr.com/photos/anitakhart/4315463180/
  22. 22. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from
  23. 23. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image CC BY-SA from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Encyclopaedia_Britannica_15_with_2002.jpg
  24. 24. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://www.wikipedia.org
  25. 25. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image CC BY by woodleywonderworks https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/3894173886/
  26. 26. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://sfbay.craigslist.org
  27. 27. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  28. 28. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Then vs. Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Concealing  Sharing Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consuming  Creating Closed  Open Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent
  29. 29. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “For the first time in human history we have the tools to enable everyone to attain all the education they desire” — Wiley, Green & Soares http://www.americanprogress.org/wp- content/uploads/issues/2012/02/pdf/open_education_reso urces.pdf
  30. 30. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org How do we enable everything the digital environment makes possible?
  31. 31. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  32. 32. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “OER are textbooks and other academic materials that are published online for everyone to use, adapt and share freely”
  33. 33. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1. Free (no cost, no barriers)
  34. 34. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 2. Open (right to fully use)
  35. 35. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-07/11/copyright-hub-lacks-cc-options
  36. 36. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “All Rights Reserved” is like “Call Me Maybe” Source http://www.soundmagonline.com/copyedit-your-song-titles-maybe-a-history-of-the-comma-in- no-1-pop-songs/ (used without permission under fair use) You have to ask permission before using © material
  37. 37. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Licensing Amends the default terms of © to “Some Rights Reserved” to allow free and open use
  38. 38. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (easy-to-use open licenses) www.creativecommons.org
  39. 39. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Licenses • Permission to freely and openly use • In advance • To all users (the public) • Forever • With attribution to the author
  40. 40. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org See www.opencontent.org for full definition. The “5R’s” of Openness All users have the right to: • Retain • Reuse • Revise • Remix • Redistribute …with attribution as specified • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The$5Rs$
  41. 41. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821
  42. 42. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821
  43. 43. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://pm4id.org/
  44. 44. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  45. 45. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Two parts: 1. Creating OER 2. Adopting OER
  46. 46. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OER Creation Models • Business models • Government funding • Institution funding • Author incentives • Open licensing of existing materials
  47. 47. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OER Adoption Models • Individual seek-and-find • Professional development • Librarian support • Incentives • Search tools • Awareness campaigns
  48. 48. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare
  49. 49. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.oeconsortium.org
  50. 50. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  51. 51. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  52. 52. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/translated-courses/
  53. 53. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://cnx.org
  54. 54. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org • Online platform where anyone can post materials • Tools to assemble, edit, and share materials • Acess in html, pdf, epub, hardcopy • CCBY license
  55. 55. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Publishing www.sparc.arl.org
  56. 56. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
  57. 57. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/ • 20 open textbooks for high enrollment courses • Comparable quality, features to traditional texts • Sustainability through commercial partners • Authors are compensated for their work • $2.3 million student savings
  58. 58. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  59. 59. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
  60. 60. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-costs-enhance-learning
  61. 61. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-costs-enhance-learning • OSU Library, Press, and Extended Campus • Pilot to publish 4 books in 2014- 2015 • Authors receive $5-15K budget transfer and royalties on print sales • Books published free digitally under open license
  62. 62. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.webassign.net/opentexts
  63. 63. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Public Funding www.sparc.arl.org
  64. 64. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/
  65. 65. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/ • 81 highest enrollment courses • Materials cost $30 or less per course • New materials CCBY • State invested $750,000 • $5.5M savings
  66. 66. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Institutional Initiatives
  67. 67. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more than the rates of inflation, health care, new home prices, and college tuition. More and more, college students are unable to afford their textbooks, and as many as 70% of students have reported avoiding buying at least one textbook for their courses. Not surprisingly, these students do not do as well academically. As of May 2013, if a TCC student purchased all of the textbooks required for a business administration degree, that student would spend $3,678.95 on new books. While used textbooks may lower this price, their availability is, at best, uneven. But the problem with printed textbooks goes beyond financial cost; textbooks “ cost” students and teachers in other ways as well. Because textbooks are frequently written for broad audiences in the hopes that they will fill the learning support needs and be adopted by large numbers of faculty and departments, they are filled with content and exercises that are superfluous to a specific course’ s learning outcomes. The cost here is in teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Fortunately a solution to both problems exists. Beginning in Fall 2013, TCC became the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based solely on open educational resources (OER), academically vetted and publicly licensed content. After a one-semester pilot project, the true measures of accomplishment are • student success Tidewater CommunityCollege ismakingcollegemoreaffordable.
  68. 68. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Supporting Adoption
  69. 69. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.teleread.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/bookstorerummage.jpg
  70. 70. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce costs to both institutions and learners, while at the same time improving student success. However, many institutional leaders are unsure what to do to help their institutions, faculty, and learners take full advantage of OER. This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Dr. David Wiley and education technology strategist Kim Thanos, Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. After years of pioneering work in open education as individuals, David and Kim collaborated on the Next Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative in 2012 to replace textbooks with OER in community college classrooms. Project goals included lowering textbook costs by 50% and improving student success rates. No one was quite prepared for the actual project outcomes, which resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks to $0 and improving average student success rates by over 10% compared to student performance in the same courses offered by the same instructors in prior years. You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative on the Successful Projects page. Adding this concrete proof to the body of evidence supporting OER, David and Kim decided to join forces to help more educational institutions and students realize gains like these. Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty address the major challenges of OER adoption: ! Finding quality content and mapping it to course learning outcomes. Lumen works with faculty http://www.lumenlearning.org
  71. 71. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Supporting Adoption Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent
  72. 72. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
  73. 73. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777 • Offers mini grants to faculty to switch to OER/affordable materials • Workshops and consultation sessions for faculty • 30+ faculty participants • $1,000,000 student savings
  74. 74. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  75. 75. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org • Goal to save students $250K in 2 years • Students voted to use fees to hire full time OER librarian to coordinate • Hit goal within first year
  76. 76. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  77. 77. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org What course content do you use? Can you include OER?
  78. 78. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org What kind of educational content do you produce? Can it be open?
  79. 79. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Advancing our systems for sharing information toward openness
  80. 80. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC North Shore Community College | June 10, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…

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