@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Educational
Resources
Nicole Allen
Director ...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic
Res...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/galler...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Except…
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368
Figure 1: ...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
-50%
0%
50%
100%
150%
200%
250%
300%
350%
400%
19...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://www.springer.com/us/librarians/journal-pri...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Shouldn’t digital technology
solve this problem?
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Of course there are
workarounds….
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
“65% of students said that they had
decided again...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
We need a
better solution.
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
OPEN EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Educational Resources
(OER) are textbooks an...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open License
Amends the default “All Rights
Reser...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Four “R’s” of Open
Reuse
Revise
Remix
Redistribut...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Textbook (Example)
• Free online
• Free PDF
...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/Pr...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
OpenCourseWare
• Teaching and learning materials ...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
OER Repositories
• Connexions: http://cnx.org
• O...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Free, immediate
online access to
research article...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Advantages of OER
• Affordable: free online, free...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Advantages of OER
• Born Digital: easier to updat...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Barriers for OER
• Awareness of OER as an option
...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Libraries & OER
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=8...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Education Initiative
• Call for applications...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Education Initiative
• 30 faculty participan...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Similar Projects
• Temple University
• UCLA
• Kan...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Digital Coursepack Pilot
• Began to support an iP...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Digital Coursepack Pilot
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://open.umn.edu
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://open.umn.edu
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://open.umn.edu
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/o...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Oregon State University
• Pilot program that faci...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Oregon State University
• Each will be made avail...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Oregon State University
• First open textbook was...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
http://opensuny.org
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Barriers for OER
• Awareness of OER as an option
...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
How Libraries Can Support OER
• Awareness of OER ...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Libraries transformed the
conversation around acc...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Educational Resources
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Libraries & OER Forum
Public discussion list inte...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
OER Campus Project List
Resource describing libra...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
OER Campus Tour
SPARC staff will be traveling acr...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Open Education 2014
• Annual OER conference
• Nov...
@txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic
Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
Other Resources
http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Open Educational Resources Overview (Penn Libraries, 2014-04-09)

984 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
984
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
291
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Open Educational Resources Overview (Penn Libraries, 2014-04-09)

  1. 1. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC UPenn Libraries April 9, 2014
  2. 2. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication.
  3. 3. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  4. 4. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  5. 5. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  6. 6. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  7. 7. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-437380p1.html
  8. 8. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Except…
  9. 9. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent. 8 These price increases occurred from December 1986 to December 2004.
  10. 10. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  11. 11. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Year MIT Libraries Materials Purchases vs. CPI % Increase 1986-2006 Consumer Price Index % + Serial Expenditures % + # Serials Purchased % + # Books Purchased % + Book Expenditures % + Journal expenditure Inflation
  12. 12. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.springer.com/us/librarians/journal-price-list
  13. 13. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Shouldn’t digital technology solve this problem?
  14. 14. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  15. 15. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  16. 16. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  17. 17. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  18. 18. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Of course there are workarounds….
  20. 20. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  21. 21. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org “65% of students said that they had decided against buying a textbook because it was too expensive… 94% were concerned that doing so would hurt their grade.” -- 2014 report by U.S. PIRG http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  22. 22. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  23. 23. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org We need a better solution.
  24. 24. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  25. 25. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources (OER) are textbooks and other academic materials that are published online for everyone to use, adapt and share freely
  26. 26. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open License Amends the default “All Rights Reserved” terms of copyright to “Some Rights Reserved,” granting blanket permission in advance to everyone to use the material
  27. 27. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Four “R’s” of Open Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute (With attribution to the author)
  28. 28. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  29. 29. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
  30. 30. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare • Teaching and learning materials made available under an open license and presented in a course format • 200+ institutions • 30,000 modules http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  31. 31. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Repositories • Connexions: http://cnx.org • OER Commons: http://www.oercommons.org • Open Textbook Library: http://open.umn.edu • Many more…
  32. 32. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Free, immediate online access to research articles coupled with full reuse rights Open Access Articles
  33. 33. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Advantages of OER • Affordable: free online, free to download, hardcopies cost $20-40 • Accessible: all students have access starting day one of the course • Flexible: instructors can tailor the material to suit the curriculum
  34. 34. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Advantages of OER • Born Digital: easier to update, integrate multimedia • Worry Free: copyright permission granted in advance
  35. 35. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  36. 36. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER
  37. 37. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
  38. 38. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • Call for applications from faculty for mini-grants • Two one-hour workshops reviewing OER and other low-cost resources • Consultation sessions with librarians and library partners • Adoption of OER & low cost materials
  39. 39. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • 30 faculty participants • 44 courses • $46,000 invested, $700,000+ saved by 5000+ students • Faculty said 4.36 on a scale of 5 “Student performance improved compared to past semesters when a traditional textbook was used”
  40. 40. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Similar Projects • Temple University • UCLA • Kansas State University • University of Oklahoma • Tacoma Community College • More…
  41. 41. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  42. 42. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot • Began to support an iPad project and specific classes/instructors (Fall 2012). • Expanded to include a variety of campus partners (Copyright Permissions, Bookstore). • Includes a variety of content types. • Integrated into Moodle (CMS) environment. • Support services developing around open content and other alternative course content.
  43. 43. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot
  44. 44. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  45. 45. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  46. 46. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  47. 47. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-costs-enhance-learning
  48. 48. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Pilot program that facilitates the development of open access textbooks • Collaboration between OSU Libraries, OSU Press and OSU Extended Campus • Publication of the first four open textbooks will take place in 2014-2015
  49. 49. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Each will be made available in four free digital formats - HTML, PDF, iBooks & ePub • Print-on-demand through OSU Press • Authors will receive royalties on print-on- demand sales and a $5,000-$15,000 budget transfer
  50. 50. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • First open textbook was developed from an existing OSU Press book as part of this project • “Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest” by Robert S. Yeats • Available at:http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/oer/Earthquake .pdf
  51. 51. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://opensuny.org
  52. 52. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  53. 53. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org How Libraries Can Support OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  54. 54. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries transformed the conversation around access to research, they can do the same for learning materials
  55. 55. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources
  56. 56. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum Public discussion list intended for academic and research librarians interested in OER. Sign up: http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc- libraries-oer-forum
  57. 57. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Project List Resource describing library initiatives to advance OER, for release in April. Add your campus: http://www.sparc.arl.org/issues/oer/cam pus-project-form
  58. 58. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Tour SPARC staff will be traveling across the country to educate librarians, students and others about OER. Interested? nicole@sparc.arl.org
  59. 59. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education 2014 • Annual OER conference • Nov 19-21, 2014, Washington, DC • Track dedicated to Libraries & OER Learn more: http://www.openedconference.org
  60. 60. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Other Resources http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources Nicole Allen nicole@sparc.arl.org 401-484-8104 @txtbks

×