Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Through OER

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The cost of college textbooks has grown to a point that virtually every campus is now seeking solutions. While many institutions have successfully reduced costs for students through stop-gap measures such as rental programs, lending libraries and licensing deals, the greatest potential for permanently solving the problem lies in Open Educational Resources (OER). Institutions of all kinds have begun to leverage OER to reduce costs for students, expand access to information, and enable faculty to better tailor materials to their courses. This talk will provide an overview of the OER movement to date, including important definitions, major projects, and what the most successful institutions are doing. It will also help frame the opportunity for regional collaboration and provide specific advice for members of the audience to take back to campus.

Published in: Education
  • Thanks Nicole ;)
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  • For Mac users there is an app called 'PDF to Keynote' that converts a PPT from PowerPoint or Keynote into a Keynote file. It only captures slides as images (no builds, for example) but it then becomes possible to use the resulting *.key file in more innovative ways than a PDF. URL: http://www.cs.hmc.edu/~oneill/freesoftware/pdftokeynote.html
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  • Done. I *do* know better than to use PDF, but sometimes I'm overcome by vanity to preserve the nicely formatted fonts. :) In my defense, we should recognize that while PPT is more practical for reuse, it’s not actually an open standard while PDF is. Though to your point, reuse is more important now, and if all goes well the need for these slides will stop long before Microsoft stops making software!
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  • Hi Nicole - great deck! Will you please upload the PPT (or keynote) file ... so we can easily reuse some of your slides? PDF doesn't work well for reuse.

    Many thanks!

    Cable
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Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Through OER

  1. 1. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Through OER Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC NERCOMP | September 22, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…
  2. 2. SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  3. 3. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  4. 4. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  5. 5. while tuition and fees increased by 89 percent and overall consumer prices grew by 28 percent. Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 8
  6. 6. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for the 2013-2014 academic year Source http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate-budgets- 2013-14
  7. 7. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Macroeconomics (5th Edition) by Stephen D. Williamson
  8. 8. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  9. 9. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  10. 10. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.studentpirgs.org/sites/student/files/reports/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution_4.pdf
  11. 11. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  12. 12. Conventional Measures % Student Savings Over New Print Text @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 25% 61% 52% 39% E-Readers E-Books Rentals Used Books http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/cover-cover-solution
  13. 13. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-williamson/ dp/9780132992787
  14. 14. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-williamson/ dp/9780132992787
  15. 15. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
  16. 16. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Market Failure
  17. 17. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 2 in 3 Students say they decided against buying a textbook because the cost is too high Source http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  18. 18. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks Source http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  19. 19. Students can’t learn from materials they can’t afford @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  20. 20. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  21. 21. We can do better. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  22. 22. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  23. 23. Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others” @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  24. 24. Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others” @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  25. 25. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1. Free (no cost, no barriers) 2. Reuse Rights (open license or public domain)
  26. 26. Open Licensing @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Uses copyright to enable free sharing and reuse
  27. 27. (easy-to-use open licenses) www.creativecommons.org @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  28. 28. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org most free least free Slide adapted from Cable Green http://www.slideshare.com/cgreen OER not OER
  29. 29. Retain • Make and own copies Reuse • Use in a wide range of ways Revise • Adapt, modify, and improve Remix • Combine two or more @txtbks | sparc.arl.org The “5R” Permissions Redistribute • Share with others See www.opencontent.org for full definition. The$5Rs$
  30. 30. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  31. 31. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare
  32. 32. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  33. 33. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med
  34. 34. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med/m1/patients-pop-decision-making/ fall2011/materials
  35. 35. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DFU7fUff7PA
  36. 36. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OER Repositories
  37. 37. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://cnx.org
  38. 38. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.oercommons.org
  39. 39. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbooks www.sparc.arl.org
  40. 40. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
  41. 41. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  42. 42. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
  43. 43. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student- costs-enhance-learning
  44. 44. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Courses www.sparc.arl.org
  45. 45. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oli.cmu.edu/courses/free-open/introductory-psychology-course- details/
  46. 46. Institutional Initiatives @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  47. 47. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 81 Courses Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/
  48. 48. Tidewater Community College is making college more affordable. All OER 2-Year Degree @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more than the rates of inflation, health care, new home prices, and college tuition. More and more, college students are unable to afford their textbooks, and as many as 70% of students have reported avoiding buying at least one textbook for their courses. Not surprisingly, these students do not do as well academically. As of May 2013, if a TCC student purchased all of the textbooks required for a business administration degree, that student would spend $3,678.95 on new books. While used textbooks may lower this price, their availability is, at best, uneven. But the problem with printed textbooks goes beyond financial cost; textbooks “ cost” students and teachers in other ways as well. Because textbooks are frequently written for broad audiences in the hopes that they will fill the learning support needs and be adopted by large numbers of faculty and departments, they are filled with content and exercises that are superfluous to a specific course’ s learning outcomes. The cost here is in teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Fortunately a solution to both problems exists. Beginning in Fall 2013, TCC became the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based solely on open educational resources (OER), academically vetted and publicly licensed content. After a one-semester pilot project, the true measures of accomplishment are • student success • and increased instructor effectiveness. Early data suggest the Z-Degree will meet both goals. Z Courses experienced greater student retention and fewer student withdrawals. Grades were comparable with textbook-based courses. Almost 99% of students
  49. 49. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Funder Policies www.sparc.arl.org
  50. 50. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/
  51. 51. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.californiacommunitycolleges.cccco.edu/Portals/0/DocDownloads/PressReleases/SEP2013/ PRESS_RELEASE_CreativeCommonsBY_090913_FINAL.pdf
  52. 52. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Faculty Support
  53. 53. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.teleread.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/bookstorerummage.jpg
  54. 54. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 100+ open textbooks http://open.umn.edu
  55. 55. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce costs to both institutions and learners, while at the same time improving student success. However, many institutional leaders are unsure what to do to help their institutions, faculty, and learners take full advantage of OER. This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Dr. David Wiley and education technology strategist Kim Thanos, Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. After years of pioneering work in open education as individuals, David and Kim collaborated on the Next Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative in 2012 to replace textbooks with OER in community college classrooms. Project goals included lowering textbook costs by 50% and improving student success rates. No one was quite prepared for the actual project outcomes, which resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks to $0 and improving average student success rates by over 10% compared to student performance in the same courses offered by the same instructors in prior years. You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative on the Successful Projects page. Adding this concrete proof to the body of evidence supporting OER, David and Kim decided to join forces to help more educational institutions and students realize gains like these. http://www.lumenlearning.org Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty address the major challenges of OER adoption: ! Finding quality content and mapping it to course learning outcomes. Lumen works with faculty around the country to review and aggregate the best OER from around the web, design these resources
  56. 56. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
  57. 57. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Impacts www.sparc.arl.org
  58. 58. $1M student savings, and counting @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  59. 59. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% Supporting Adoption 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842 Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a and learners, while at the same time improving unsure what to do to help their institutions, This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, After years of pioneering work in open education Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded textbooks with OER in community college 50% and improving student success rates. resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks 10% compared to student performance in You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Adding this concrete proof to the body of help more educational institutions and students Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty ! Finding quality content and mapping around the country to review and aggregate into Open Courses that match general course frameworks online. This process individual or institution to download and ! Incorporating OER into academic consulting services to help institutional sense to introduce OER into courses
  60. 60. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://pm4id.org/
  61. 61. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org The Medieval Lecture http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Laurentius_de_Voltolina_001.jpg (public domain)
  62. 62. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org The Modern Lecture http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:5th_Floor_Lecture_Hall.j pg (CC BY-SA)
  63. 63. Advance our systems for sharing information @txtbks | sparc.arl.org toward openness
  64. 64. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org What can you do?
  65. 65. What course content are faculty @txtbks | sparc.arl.org members using? Can it be supplemented or replaced with OER?
  66. 66. What PD and instructional design services are offered? Can OER be part of them? @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  67. 67. Where is content being created @txtbks | sparc.arl.org on campus? Can it be licensed as OER?
  68. 68. How does your campus disseminate content? Can it support sharing OER? @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  69. 69. 2014 theme is “Generation Open” @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.openaccessweek.org
  70. 70. November 19-21 | Washington, D.C. Day-long track on Libraries & OER @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org www.openedconference.org
  71. 71. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc-libraries- oer-forum
  72. 72. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org Be part of the solution www.sparc.arl.org/membership
  73. 73. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Through OER Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC NERCOMP | September 22, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…

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