2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference)

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  • 2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference)

    1. 1. Open Educational Resources: Overview and Impact on Graduate Students Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbks NAGPS National Conference 2012 November 2, 2012 • Duke Universitywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    2. 2. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    3. 3. Textbooks cost HOW much?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    4. 4. Textbook Cost Increases vs. InflationTextbook wholesale 600%prices have been rising 500% Textbooksfour times the rate of 400%inflation for the last three Inflationdecades. 300% 200%Source: U.S. Department 100%of Labor Statistics 0% www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    5. 5. Avg. student budget for books & supplies is $1,168* per year * Publishers and bookstores estimate actual spending is lower, but…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    6. 6. 7 in 10 students skip buying one or more textbook due to costwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    7. 7. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    8. 8. The average introductory textbook costs $176www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    9. 9.      really???  www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    10. 10. Bundled textbooks cost 10-50% more than the book alone (not even counting lost buyback potential)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    11. 11. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    12. 12. E-textbooks cost more on avg. than renting print textbookswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    13. 13. But how can publishers get away with this?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    14. 14. $8.8 Billion Industrywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    15. 15. 5 Playerswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    16. 16. “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    17. 17. Normal Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    18. 18. “Broken” Textbook Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    19. 19. Wish I could exploit people like that…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    20. 20. It’s the 21st century! Aren’t e- books solving this problem?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    21. 21. OER & OA: Similarities• Prices have risen rapidly, resulting in consumers losing access• Root of the problem is a “broken” market• Faculty are the lynchpin• The solution lies in new publishing models
    22. 22. Solving the Textbook Cost Crisiswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    23. 23. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    24. 24. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    25. 25. Cost-Saving Measures E-Readers 39% E-Books 52% Rentals 61%Used Books 25%www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    26. 26. Students have many ways to save, which is good…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    27. 27. But to solve the problem, we need something betterwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    28. 28. Open Educational Resources (OER)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    29. 29. Educational materials offered under a license allowing the public to freely use, adapt and distribute the contentwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    30. 30. Definition: “Educational Resources”• Textbooks • Tutorials• Assessments • Video lectures• Study guides • Graphics• Online courses • Slides• Lecture notes • And so on… www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    31. 31. Definition: “Open License”Legal permission from the copyrightowner to use the resource freely in thefollowing ways (known as the “4 R’s”)• Reuse • Remix• Revise • Redistribute www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    32. 32. Open Educational Resources1. Open Textbooks 3. OER RepositoriesOER textbooks Mix and match• 3,400 adoptions • CNX.org• 1,800 institutions • MERLOT.org• 100+ high-quality books • OERCommons.org • Curriki.org2. OpenCourseWareExisting materials made open• 250+ universities• 17,000+ universities www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    33. 33. OER & OA: Differences• Educational content (interchangeable) vs. scholarly research (unique)• Emphasis on creating new content, rather than open-licensing existing content• Creating OER isn’t enough to solve the problem; it must be promoted to get used
    34. 34. Open textbooks are the “beachhead” for OERwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    35. 35. Example: Open Textbookwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    36. 36. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    37. 37. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    38. 38. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    39. 39. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    40. 40. Open Textbook Publishing Modelswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    41. 41. Publishers (for-profit)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    42. 42. Read full bookfree online
    43. 43. Option to buyextra items
    44. 44. Publishers (non-profit)
    45. 45. Solves the “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    46. 46. State-Sponsored Programs
    47. 47. Faculty Editorial Boards
    48. 48. Individual Authorswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    49. 49. Open Textbook Adoptionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    50. 50. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    51. 51. What You Can Dowww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    52. 52. What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    53. 53. What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get involved in local OER initiativeswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    54. 54. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    55. 55. What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get local OER initiatives3. Continue helping students save moneywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    56. 56. What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get involved in local OER initiatives3. Continue helping students save money4. Engage students as advocateswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    57. 57. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    58. 58. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    59. 59. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    60. 60. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
    61. 61. An Overview of the Textbook Market and Strategies to Reduce Costs Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbks Textbooks and Their Stakeholders November 1, 2012 • Northeastern Universitywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |

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