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US History Ch 9.3


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US History Ch 9.3

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 9: Citizenship & the Constitution Section 3: Rights & Responsibilities of Citizenship
  2. 2. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Anyone born in the United States or its territories is a citizen </li></ul>
  3. 3. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Naturalized Citizen —a person born in another country who has been granted citizenship </li></ul>
  4. 4. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>People born in a foreign country can become U.S. citizens if one of their parents is a U.S. citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign born people whose parents are NOT citizens can go through naturalization to become U.S. citizens </li></ul>
  5. 5. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Legal immigrants have many of the same rights as citizens with a few exceptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can not vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can not hold political office </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><ul><li>Can be deported </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deport —send back to the country of origin </li></ul>
  7. 7. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Natural Born vs. Naturalized citizens: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can lose citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can not be President or Vice President </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What’s wrong with this picture?
  9. 10. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Naturalization —a long process to gain citizenship: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal immigrants 18+ can apply for citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must live in the U.S. for 5 years </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Naturalization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be able to financially support self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USCIS oversees process and conducts a hearing </li></ul></ul>United States Citizenship and Immigration Services is a part of the Homeland Security Department
  11. 12. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Naturalization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law abiding citizen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read, write, and speak English </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Naturalization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic understanding of U.S. history and government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background check </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Becoming a U.S. Citizen <ul><li>Take oath of allegiance and receive naturalization certificate </li></ul>
  14. 15. Duties of Citizens
  15. 16. Duties of Citizens <ul><li>Electing leaders </li></ul>
  16. 18. Duties of Citizens <ul><li>Obeying laws </li></ul>
  17. 19. How can you try to change a law? <ul><li>Speak with leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Petition leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Elect new leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge in the courts </li></ul>
  18. 20. Duties of Citizens <ul><li>Know the law </li></ul><ul><li>Pay taxes </li></ul>
  19. 21. Duties of Citizens <ul><li>Defend the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Draft —requirement of military service </li></ul>
  20. 22. Duties of Citizens <ul><li>Jury Duty </li></ul>
  21. 23. Citizens & Elections <ul><li>Elections form the basis of our representative democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Political Action Committee —groups that collect money to give to candidates that support certain issues </li></ul>
  22. 25. Citizens & Government <ul><li>Interest groups </li></ul><ul><li>Write letters </li></ul><ul><li>Attend public meetings </li></ul>
  23. 26. Community Service