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US History Ch 8.4


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US History Ch 8.4

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 8: Forming a Government Section 4: Ratification of the Constitution
  2. 3. Federalists & Antifederalists <ul><li>Antifederalists —people who opposed the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 4. Federalists & Antifederalists <ul><li>Complaints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had gone too far </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central government too powerful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No bill of rights </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Federalists & Antifederalists <ul><li>Most were small farmers and debtors </li></ul>
  5. 6. George Mason Richard Henry Lee
  6. 7. Samuel Adams Patrick Henry
  7. 8. “ I acknowledge that licentiousness is dangerous and that it ought to be provided against. I acknowledge also the new form of government may effectually prevent it: yet there is on thing it will effectually do: it will oppress and ruin the people.” --Patrick Henry, June 1788
  8. 9. “ I smell a rat!” --Patrick Henry
  9. 10. Federalists & Antifederalists <ul><li>Federalists —people who supported the Constitution </li></ul>
  10. 11. Federalists & Antifederalists <ul><li>Reason for support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US needed a stronger government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good balance of state and national power </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. James Madison George Washington
  12. 13. Benjamin Franklin Alexander Hamilton
  13. 14. John Jay
  14. 15. The Federalist Papers <ul><li>85 essays written in support of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Written by “Publius” </li></ul>
  15. 16. Alexander Hamilton James Madison John Jay
  16. 20. The Ratification Debate <ul><li>The process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required approval of nine states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All states except RI held conventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antifederalists participated </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. The Ratification Debate <ul><li>December 7, 1787: Delaware becomes the first state to ratify Constitution </li></ul>
  18. 24. The Ratification Debate <ul><li>June 1788: With the ratification of 9 states, Constitution goes into effect </li></ul><ul><li>NY, NC, RI, & VA hold out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NY: important trade center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VA: largest population </li></ul></ul>
  19. 26. The Ratification Debate <ul><li>May 1790: RI becomes last state to ratify </li></ul>
  20. 27. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Antifederalists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not believe constitution will not protect personal freedoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand bill of rights </li></ul></ul>
  21. 28. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Federalists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State constitutions promised rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document written to protect rights </li></ul></ul>
  22. 29. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Madison understood bill of rights needed for ratification </li></ul>James Madison
  23. 30. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendments —official additions, changes, or corrections </li></ul>
  24. 31. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approved by 2/3 of both houses of Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratified by 3/4 of the states </li></ul></ul>
  25. 32. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Declaration of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul>
  26. 33. Demanding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>September 1789: Congress proposes 12 amendments </li></ul><ul><li>December 1791: 10 of 12 amendments ratified </li></ul>Bill of Rights