US History Ch 8.2


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US History Ch 8.2

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 8: Forming a Government Section 2: Problems in the New Nation
  2. 2. What are some reasons that the United States is the world’s most powerful country?
  3. 4. A Lack of Respect <ul><li>Congress could not force states to provide soldiers for an army </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to protect citizens & interests </li></ul>The Articles of Confederation
  4. 5. A Lack of Respect <ul><li>Difficult to enforce international treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain would not give up forts </li></ul>Singing the Treaty of Paris
  5. 6. A Lack of Respect <ul><li>Spain closed the lower Mississippi River to US ships </li></ul>View of the Mississippi River
  6. 7. Trouble with Trade <ul><li>Great Britain closed many of its ports to American ships </li></ul><ul><li>American merchants forced to pay high tariffs on U.S. exports </li></ul>
  7. 8. Trouble with Trade <ul><li>Farmers no longer able to export goods to British West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to hire expensive British ships to carry goods to British markets </li></ul>
  8. 9. Trouble with Trade <ul><li>Great Britain closed many of its ports to American ships </li></ul><ul><li>American merchants forced to pay high tariffs on U.S. exports </li></ul>
  9. 10. Trouble with Trade <ul><li>British selling goods cheap goods in America </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt American businesses </li></ul>
  10. 11. Trouble with Trade <ul><li>Congress did not have the power to pass tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs —taxes on imports or exports </li></ul>
  11. 12. Economic Problems at Home <ul><li>Congress had no power to regulate interstate commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate Commerce —trade between two or more states </li></ul>
  12. 13. Economic Problems at Home <ul><li>Each state followed their own commercial interests </li></ul><ul><li>Made business difficult for merchants doing business across state lines </li></ul>
  13. 14. Economic Problems at Home <ul><li>States struggled with war debt and tax collection </li></ul><ul><li>Printed large amounts of papers money </li></ul>
  14. 15. Economic Problems at Home <ul><li>Inflation —increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money </li></ul>
  15. 16. 1934
  16. 17. Today
  17. 18. <ul><li>Congress powerless to stop states from issuing paper money </li></ul><ul><li>Paper money was almost worthless </li></ul>Economic Problems at Home
  18. 19. Economic Problems at Home <ul><li>Debtors —people who owe money </li></ul><ul><li>Creditors —people who lend money </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation and loss of trade lead to a depression </li></ul>
  19. 20. Debt in Massachusetts <ul><li>Massachusetts did not print paper money </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to pay for war debt by collecting taxes on land </li></ul>
  20. 21. Debt in Massachusetts <ul><li>Hit farmers hard </li></ul><ul><li>Had to pay debts in gold or silver </li></ul>
  21. 22. Debt in Massachusetts <ul><li>Courts forced people to sell land or go to prison </li></ul>
  22. 23. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Angry farmers began to revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Shut down courts in western part of state </li></ul>
  23. 24. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Daniel Shays—leader of rebels </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer and Revolutionary War veteran </li></ul>Daniel Shays
  24. 25. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Massachusetts government asked national government for help </li></ul><ul><li>Little it could do </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness of Confederation government </li></ul>
  25. 26. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Reactions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example of citizens freely expressing their opinions about government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embarrassment </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. A Push for Change <ul><li>1786: Virginia calls for a national conference to change the Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1786: 5 states send delegates to Annapolis Convention </li></ul>Annapolis Convention Report
  27. 28. A Push for Change <ul><li>Annapolis convention calls on all 13 States to send delegates to a Constitutional Convention in May 1783 </li></ul>Maryland Statehouse—site of Annapolis Convention