US History Ch 7.4

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  • Question for thought: How might you try to defeat a more powerful army?
  • US History Ch 7.4

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 4: The Patriots Gain New Hope
    2. 2. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>November 1776: Howe captured New York </li></ul><ul><li>Settle in for winter </li></ul>General William Howe
    3. 3. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>New Jersey left in Hessian control </li></ul>
    4. 4. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>Battle of Trenton —battle in which Washington’s troops crossed the Delaware to launch a surprise attack </li></ul>
    5. 5. Victory in New Jersey December 25, 1776: Washington & troops cross icy Delaware River
    6. 11. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>Battle of Trenton: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriot victory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>900 Hessians captured, 5 American casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morale boost </li></ul></ul>
    7. 12. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>Battle of Princeton —battle in which Patriots circled a British camp in the dark & attacked in the morning </li></ul>
    8. 14. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>Battle of Princeton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campfires left burning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circles behind British troops </li></ul></ul>
    9. 16. Victory in New Jersey <ul><li>Battle of Princeton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriot Victory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second of Washington’s three battlefield victories </li></ul></ul>
    10. 17. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>British embarrassed </li></ul><ul><li>Devise plan to cut off New England </li></ul>
    11. 18. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>General John Burgoyne to recapture Ft. Ticonderoga & move south </li></ul>
    12. 19. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>A second for will march east from Lake Ontario </li></ul>
    13. 20. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>General Howe will move north from New York City </li></ul>
    14. 21. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>All three forces to converge at Albany </li></ul>
    15. 22. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>July 1777: Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga </li></ul><ul><li>Path to Albany difficult </li></ul>John Burgoyne
    16. 23. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>Howe decides to attack Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Meets George Washington along the way </li></ul>General William Howe
    17. 24. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>September 11, 1777: Patriots defeated at Brandywine Creek </li></ul>
    18. 25. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>Howe & force from Ontario area delayed </li></ul><ul><li>Burgoyne greatly outnumbered </li></ul>
    19. 26. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>Battle of Saratoga —marked a major turning point in the Revolutionary War </li></ul>
    20. 27. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>General Horatio Gates drove back a British attack </li></ul>Horatio Gates
    21. 28. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>Benedict Arnold staged a charge that led to a British retreat </li></ul>Benedict Arnold
    22. 30. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>October 17, 1777: Burgoyne surrenders to Gates </li></ul>
    23. 31. Turning Point at Saratoga <ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Morale boost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased foreign support </li></ul></ul>
    24. 32. Foreign Aid France Spain
    25. 33. Foreign Aid <ul><li>Bernardo de Galvez </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish governor of Louisiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacked British forts along Mississippi River & Florida </li></ul></ul>Bernardo de Galvez
    26. 34. Galveston Island named in honor
    27. 36. Foreign Aid <ul><li>Marquis de Lafayette: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrived Summer 1777 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wounded at Brandywine Creek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave money to support Revolution </li></ul></ul>Marquis de Lafayette
    28. 37. Winter at Valley Forge <ul><li>December 1777: troops settle at Valley Forge for winter </li></ul><ul><li>Food & clothing shortages </li></ul><ul><li>1/5 of soldiers died </li></ul>
    29. 41. Winter at Valley Forge <ul><li>Friedrich von Steuben: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prussian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught troops drill procedure </li></ul></ul>Friedrich von Steuben
    30. 43. The War at Sea <ul><li>Navy & Marines established 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1776: only 8 ships </li></ul><ul><li>British had large navy </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: attack individual ships </li></ul>
    31. 44. The War at Sea <ul><li>John Paul Jones —responsible for much of America’s naval success </li></ul>John Paul Jones
    32. 45. “ I have not yet begun to fight!”

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