US History Ch 6.3

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  • US History Ch 6.3

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 6: Conflicts in the Colonies Section 3: Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
    2. 2. Raising Taxes <ul><li>George Grenville: prime minister who decided to tax colonists to pay for debts from the French & Indian War </li></ul>
    3. 3. Raising Taxes <ul><li>Sugar Act: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duties on molasses & sugar imported by colonists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law intended to raise money in the colonies </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Raising Taxes <ul><li>Vice-admiralty courts granted greater powers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No jury trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guilty until proven innocent </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Taxation without Representation “ The supreme power cannot take from any man any part of his property, without his consent in person or by representation. “ --Samuel Otis, The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Provided, 1764
    6. 6. Taxation without Representation “ The very act of taxing, exercised over those who are not represented, appears to me to be depriving them of one of their most essential rights, as freemen; and if continued, seems to be in effect an entire disfranchisement of every civil right. “ -- Samuel Otis, The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Provided, 1764
    7. 7. Taxation without Representation <ul><li>Samuel Adams: person whose ideas helped inspire the slogan “No taxation without representation. ” </li></ul>Samuel Adams
    8. 8. Taxation without Representation <ul><li>Committees of Correspondence : shared ideas & information with groups in other colonial towns about British laws & ways to challenge them </li></ul>
    9. 11. Taxation without Representation <ul><li>Boycott —refusal to buy certain goods </li></ul>
    10. 12. The Stamp Act <ul><li>1765: Grenville proposes the Stamp Tax as an alternate tax plan </li></ul>Stamp Act stamp
    11. 13. The Stamp Act Embossed Stamp
    12. 15. The Stamp Act <ul><li>Sons of Liberty: used violent means to stop tax collection </li></ul>
    13. 18. The Stamp Act <ul><li>Patrick Henry: presented resolutions to the House of Burgesses suggesting the Stamp Act was unjust </li></ul>Patrick Henry
    14. 19. &quot;Caesar had his Brutus, Charles the First his Cromwell, and George the Third…” --Patrick Henry
    15. 20. “ TREASON!”
    16. 21. “ If this be treason, make the most of it.&quot; --Patrick Henry
    17. 22. Repealing the Stamp Act <ul><li>October 1765: Stamp Act Congress convenes </li></ul><ul><li>British merchants hurt boycott & urge repeal </li></ul>
    18. 23. Repealing the Stamp Act <ul><li>1766: Stamp Act repealed </li></ul><ul><li>Declaratory Act issued </li></ul>
    19. 24. Repealing the Stamp Act … the said colonies and plantations in America have been, are, and of right ought to be, subordinate unto, and dependent upon the imperial crown and Parliament of Great Britain; and…Parliament…hath…full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the colonies and people of America, subjects of the crown of Great Britain, in all cases whatsoever. --Declaratory Act, 1764
    20. 25. Reasons for Taxation British Tax Laws Colonial Response 1. 2.

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