US History Ch 5.4

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  • US History Ch 5.4

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 5: Life in the English Colonies Section 4: The Great Awakening
    2. 2. Words of the Great Awakening <ul><li>Revival —public church gathering to hear a minister’s message </li></ul>
    3. 3. Words of the Great Awakening <ul><li>Colonists experienced a “Great Awakening” in their religious lives </li></ul><ul><li>Message: salvation could only be achieved through the acceptance of God’s grace & confession of sins </li></ul>
    4. 4. Words of the Great Awakening George Whitefield Jonathan Edwards
    5. 6. Old & New Lights <ul><li>Disagreement over new religious ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Old Lights” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ New Lights” </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Old & New Lights <ul><li>Charles Chauncy —thought the Great Awakening was an inappropriate way to gain salvation </li></ul>Charles Chauncy
    7. 8. Old & New Lights <ul><li>Gilbert Tennant —Presbyterian minister who published a pamphlet attacking traditionalists </li></ul>
    8. 9. Old & New Lights <ul><li>The Presbyterian Church split into two groups : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Old Side” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ New Side” </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Old & New Lights <ul><li>Increased church membership </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling preachers took revivals to frontier </li></ul>
    10. 11. The Great Awakening & Society <ul><li>Attracted people of different classes, races, and sexes </li></ul><ul><li>Communication & education </li></ul><ul><li>Political issues </li></ul>
    11. 12. Religious leaders believe colonists are losing their faith Preachers speak about spiritual equality Disagreement over teachings of Great Awakening Cause Effect

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