US History Ch 5.3

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  • US History Ch 5.3

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 5: Life in the English Colonies Section 3: The Colonial Economy
    2. 2. Agriculture in the Southern Colonies <ul><li>South had warm climate and long growing season </li></ul>Southern Colonies
    3. 3. Agriculture in the Southern Colonies <ul><li>Cash crops —crops grown mainly to be sold for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: tobacco, rice, indigo </li></ul>
    4. 4. Agriculture in the Southern Colonies <ul><li>Indigo introduced by Eliza Lucas Pinckney </li></ul>Indigo Plant
    5. 5. Agriculture in the Southern Colonies <ul><li>Slaves performed most plantation labor. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Agriculture in the Southern Colonies <ul><li>Slave Codes —laws to control slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia: allowed runaway slaves who resisted capture to be killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Carolina: slaves could not hold meetings or own weapons </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Industry & Trade in New England <ul><li>Harsh climate </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky soil </li></ul><ul><li>Little farming </li></ul><ul><li>Little demand for slaves </li></ul>New England Colonies
    8. 8. Industry & Trade in New England <ul><li>Trade: locally & overseas </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul>
    9. 9. Industry & Trade in New England <ul><li>Apprentices —young boys who learned a skilled trade from a master craftsman </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Middle Colonies <ul><li>Mix of New England & Southern </li></ul><ul><li>Good growing season, rich lands </li></ul>Middle Colonies
    11. 11. The Middle Colonies <ul><li>Staple Crops —crops that are continuously in demand </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: wheat, barley, oats </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Middle Colonies <ul><li>Slaves more important than in New England </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured servants </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul>
    13. 13. Women & the Economy <ul><li>Some women ran farms & businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Nurses & midwives </li></ul>
    14. 14. Women & the Economy <ul><li>Restrictions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Married women could not work without husband’s permission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Husbands could keep wages </li></ul></ul>

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