US History Ch 4.2

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  • US History Ch 4.2

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 4: The English Colonies Section 2: The Pilgrims’ Experience
    2. 2. Protestant Protest
    3. 3. Background King Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Catherine Howard Catherine Parr
    4. 4. Puritans & Pilgrims <ul><li>Puritans —Protestant group that wanted to reform the Church of England </li></ul>
    5. 5. Puritans & Pilgrims <ul><li>Separatists —Protestant group that cut all ties with the Church of England & developed their own churches </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims: a group of Separatists </li></ul>
    6. 6. Puritans & Pilgrims <ul><li>1608: Pilgrims escape to Netherlands to freely practice religion </li></ul>
    7. 7. Puritans & Pilgrims <ul><li>Immigrants —people who leave their original country to live in another country </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims unhappy in Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Formed a joint-stock company & returned to England </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Founding of Plymouth <ul><li>Sept. 16, 1620: 100+ men, women, children leave England aboard Mayflower </li></ul><ul><li>William Bradford: Pilgrim leader </li></ul>William Bradford statue
    9. 9. The Founding of Plymouth <ul><li>Mayflower Compact written because colonists landed too far away from Virginia to be ruled by its government. </li></ul>Original Mayflower Compact
    10. 10. The Founding of Plymouth <ul><li>Mayflower Compact —documents creating a new political society signed by the Pilgrims </li></ul>Signing the Mayflower Compact
    11. 11. The Founding of Plymouth <ul><li>Pilgrims land in present-day Massachusetts in late 1620 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Pilgrims & American Indians <ul><li>No Indian interaction for long time </li></ul><ul><li>March 1621: Indian walks into Pilgrim community speaking English </li></ul><ul><li>Introduces Pilgrims to Squanto </li></ul>Samoset walking into Pilgrim community
    13. 13. Squanto <ul><li>1605: Kidnapped by English explorers & taken to England </li></ul><ul><li>1614: Returned to New England </li></ul><ul><li>1615: Kidnapped & sold into slavery in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>1619: Returned home to find tribe wiped out by disease </li></ul>
    14. 14. Pilgrims & American Indians <ul><li>Squanto aided colonists by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching colonists to use fertilizer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping establish peace between the Pilgrims & Massasoit </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Pilgrims & American Indians <ul><li>First Thanksgiving </li></ul>
    16. 16. The Pilgrim Community <ul><li>Poor conditions for farming & fur trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Many families </li></ul><ul><li>Family center of life </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Pilgrim Community <ul><li>Women had more rights in the Plymouth Colony than they had in England: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Own property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring cases before court </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. England Netherlands America

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