US History Ch 15.3

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  • US History Ch 15.3

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 15: New Movements in America Section 3: Reforming Society
    2. 2. Prison Reform <ul><li>2 nd Great Awakening inspired people </li></ul><ul><li>Reform efforts led by middle class women </li></ul>
    3. 3. Prison Reform <ul><li>Dorothea Dix : campaigned to improve the treatment of mentally ill people throughout the country </li></ul>Dorothea Dix
    4. 4. Prison Reform <ul><li>Mentally ill jailed with common criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Mental hospitals built </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment of young offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Education of prisoners </li></ul>
    5. 5. Campaigning against Alcohol Abuse <ul><li>Alcohol seen as cause of social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Temperance Movement —social reform effort that encouraged people to use self-discipline to stop drinking liquor </li></ul>
    6. 6. Campaigning against Alcohol Abuse <ul><li>Lyman Beecher: Alcoholics “neglecting education of their families—and corrupting their morals” </li></ul><ul><li>Some states ban alcohol sales </li></ul>Lyman Beecher
    7. 7. Education in America <ul><li>Poor public education </li></ul><ul><li>Education produces good workers & citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Low expectations </li></ul>
    8. 8. Education in America <ul><li>Availability & quality varied </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers untrained young men </li></ul><ul><li>McGuffey’s Readers </li></ul>McGuffey’s Readers
    9. 9. The Common-School Movement <ul><li>Common-School Movement —effort to have children of all backgrounds in the same school </li></ul><ul><li>Horace Mann: leading advocate of movement </li></ul>Horace Mann
    10. 10. Women’s Education <ul><li>Few women had beyond a grade school education </li></ul><ul><li>Catharine Beecher: led women’s education reform </li></ul>Catherine Beecher
    11. 11. Women’s Education <ul><li>Emma Willard : started the first college level institution for women in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Troy Female Seminary —first college level institution for women in the U.S. </li></ul>Emma Willard
    12. 12. Women’s Education <ul><li>Mary Lyon : founder of Mount Holyoke Seminary </li></ul><ul><li>Oberlin College : first co-educational college in the U.S. </li></ul>Mary Lyon
    13. 13. African American Schools <ul><li>Expanded education opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans attended separate schools </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely attended college </li></ul>
    14. 14. African American Schools <ul><li>Oberlin College & Harvard accept African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Black colleges open </li></ul><ul><li>Few obtained education in South </li></ul>
    15. 15. Teaching People w/ Disabilities <ul><li>Samuel Gridley Howe : worked to improve education of visually impaired Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Gallaudet : worked to improve lives & education of hearing impaired </li></ul>Thomas Gallaudet

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