US History Ch 15.1

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  • US History Ch 15.1

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 15: New Movements in America Section 1: America’s Spiritual Awakening
    2. 2. The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>Second Great Awakening: movement of Christian renewal that began in the 1790s and became widespread in the U.S. by the 1830s </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>Charles Grandison Finney : one of the most important leaders of the Second Great Awakening </li></ul>Charles Grandison Finney
    4. 4. The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>Finney’s message: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals responsible for salvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sin was avoidable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate faith by good deeds </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>Church membership increased </li></ul><ul><li>Women & African Americans drawn to movement </li></ul>
    6. 6. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities <ul><li>Transcendentalism —the idea that people can rise above the material things in life </li></ul>
    7. 7. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities <ul><li>Transcendentalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important Figures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Margaret Fuller </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged people to look within for guidance & to live simply </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>“ I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>— Henry David Thoreau, Walden </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities <ul><li>Utopian Communities —place where people worked to establish a perfect society </li></ul>
    10. 10. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities <ul><li>Most Transcendentalist communities were failures : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brooke Farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community founded for Shakers by Ann Lee </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The American Romantics <ul><li>Artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on the American landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Cole </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The American Romantics Nathaniel Hawthorne The Scarlet Letter Herman Melville Moby-Dick Edgar Allen Poe The Raven
    13. 13. The American Romantics <ul><li>Other noted poets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emily Dickinson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Wadsworth Longfellow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Greenleaf Whittier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walt Whitman </li></ul></ul>

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