US History Ch 13.3

2,084 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,084
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
25
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
98
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • US History Ch 13.3

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 3: The Transportation Revolution
    2. 2. New Ways to Travel <ul><li>Transportation Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of rapid growth in the speed & convenience in travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a boom in business </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. New Ways to Travel <ul><li>Roads, canals built </li></ul><ul><li>New inventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steamboat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroad </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. New Ways to Travel <ul><li>Shipping times reduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1817: shipping cargo from Cincinnati, OH to New York, NY took two months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1850s: One week </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. New Ways to Travel <ul><li>Shipping costs reduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overland: $100 to ship a load of goods by land across NY state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canal: $5 </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The Steamboat <ul><li>Steamboat : one of the first breakthroughs of the transportation revolution </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Steamboat <ul><li>Robert Fulton : inventor who developed a steam-powered boat </li></ul>Robert Fulton
    8. 8. The Steamboat <ul><li>1803: tested a steamboat in France </li></ul>Fulton demonstrating his steamboat to Napoleon Bonaparte
    9. 9. The Steamboat <ul><li>Clermont: full-sized commercial steamboat </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Steamboat <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move quickly against the current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not rely on wind power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorter travel time, reduced costs </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) <ul><li>Thomas Gibbons: operated a steamboat between NJ & Manhattan using a federal license </li></ul><ul><li>Did not have a state license from NY </li></ul>
    12. 12. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) <ul><li>Aaron Ogden: had been granted a monopoly on the steamboat business by NY state </li></ul><ul><li>Ogden sues Gibbons </li></ul>Aaron Ogden
    13. 13. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) <ul><li>Supreme Court rules in favor of Gibbons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assertion of Congress’ power to regulate interstate commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal law overruled state law </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. American Railroads <ul><li>1800s: Steam-powered trains developed in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>1830: Peter Cooper builds the Tom Thumb </li></ul>Peter Cooper
    15. 15. American Railroads <ul><li>Steam-powered trains became popular after Cooper raced the Tom Thumb against a horse-drawn railcar </li></ul>
    16. 16. American Railroads <ul><li>1840: 2000 miles of track laid </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers built faster, more powerful locomotives </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents common because engineers would travel too fast </li></ul>
    17. 17. American Railroads <ul><li>1860: 30,000 miles of track laid </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping goods to distant markets </li></ul><ul><li>Helped cities grow </li></ul>

    ×