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US History Ch 13.1


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US History Ch 13.1

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 1: The Industrial Revolution & America
  2. 2. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>1700s: Most Europeans & Americans were farmers, few skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for manufactured goods grows </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Industrial Revolution : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of rapid growth in manufacturing & production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occurred in response to a demand for manufactured goods </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Breakthroughs in textiles </li></ul><ul><li>James Hargreaves: patented spinning jenny in 1770 </li></ul>Spinning Jenny
  5. 6. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Richard Arkwright: patented the water frame </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered costs, increased production </li></ul>Water Frame
  6. 7. Slater & His Secrets <ul><li>Samuel Slater : British immigrant & mechanic who opened a mill at Pawtucket, Rhode Island </li></ul>Samuel Slater
  7. 8. Slater & His Secrets <ul><li>New England had many fast-flowing rivers to supply power </li></ul><ul><li>Few mills in South—foucsed on farming </li></ul>
  8. 9. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Manufacturing done by hand, parts differed </li></ul><ul><li>1790s: war with France possible </li></ul>
  9. 10. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Technology —tools designed to produce goods or to do work </li></ul>
  10. 11. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Interchangeable Parts —process developed by Eli Whitney that called for making each vital part of a machine exactly the same </li></ul>Eli Whitney
  11. 12. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Acquired contract to build 10,000 guns in two years </li></ul><ul><li>Failed to fulfill contract </li></ul>
  12. 13. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Mass Production —efficiently making large numbers of identical goods </li></ul>
  13. 14. A Slow Start for Manufacturing <ul><li>Manufacturing grew slowly in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High price of labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of capital </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. The War of 1812 & Manufacturing <ul><li>British blockaded ports </li></ul><ul><li>Americans begin to buy items from American manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers expand, investors lend more money </li></ul>
  15. 16. “ To be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves. We must now place the manufacturer side by side of the agriculturist.” --Thomas Jefferson