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TX History Ch 21.3


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TX History Ch 21.3

  1. 1. Chapter 21: The Cattle Kingdom Section 3: Ranches, Rangers, & Cowboys
  2. 2. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>Cattle Kingdom —ranches on the open range from Texas to Canada </li></ul>BEVO—it’s what’s for dinner!
  3. 3. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>King Ranch —very important South Texas ranch </li></ul>King Ranch is located in Kennedy County
  4. 4. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>More than one million acres at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Presently 825,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Larger than state of Rhode Island </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>The owners of King Ranch donated land for the towns of Kingsville & Raymondville </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Removal of Indians opened up Panhandle to ranching </li></ul><ul><li>Grass & flat open land good for cattle ranching </li></ul><ul><li>Ogallala Aquifer provided water </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Farming in the Panhandle expanded after the appearance of windmills. </li></ul>Windmill
  8. 8. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>John Adair & Charles Goodnight established the JA Ranch in Palo Duro Canyon </li></ul>Charles Goodnight
  9. 9. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>XIT Ranch —Panhandle ranch bought for the cost of a new state capitol in Austin </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Covered 3 million acres </li></ul><ul><li>Almost the size of Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>150,000 cattle </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ranchers & Cowboys <ul><li>Bose Ikard —African American trail driver & rancher </li></ul>Bose Ikard
  12. 15. Cowboy Culture <ul><li>Cowboy Culture popularized in America by inexpensive novels that glorified cowboy life. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Cowboy Culture <ul><li>Myth: cowboys lived fearless, happy, & worry free lives roaming through rugged but gorgeous landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: faced many dangers, worked long hours, and received little pay </li></ul>