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Texas History Chapter 1.2:  Using Maps
The Celina Bobcats have made the playoffs and are playing the Hondo Owls.  The game will be played in Hondo, Texas.  How w...
Google Map showing location of Hondo, Texas
Why are we studying this? Maps are essential tools for geographers and many other professionals.
Map Grids <ul><li>Map —A graphic representation of a place or an area that illustrates the land, seas, and even space </li...
Map Grids <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative Location —where a place is place is in relation to other places ...
Map Grids <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute Location —the exact on earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exam...
Map Grids <ul><li>Grid System —map has lines running north/south & east/west.  There are numbers and letters placed on the...
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude and Longitude are used to determine an exact spot on earth.  Imaginary lines circlin...
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude —imaginary lines that run east-west around the globe and measure distance north and ...
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Longitude —Imaginary lines that run north-south around the globe and measure distance east an...
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude & longitude are used to determine  absolute location. </li></ul>
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Equator —an imaginary line circling the globe exactly half way between the North and South Po...
Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Prime Meridian —imaginary line that runs around the globe from the North Pole, through Greenw...
Parts of a Map <ul><li>Compass Rose —Points to all four cardinal directions </li></ul>
Parts of a Map <ul><li>Scale —is the relationship between measurement on the map and the actual distance on the earth’s su...
Parts of a Map <ul><li>Legend —key; explains the symbols on the map </li></ul>
Types of Maps <ul><li>Reference Maps —maps used to find locations </li></ul>Political Map Physical Map
Types of Maps <ul><li>Thematic Map —shows a specific topic, theme, or spatial distribution of an activity </li></ul>Themat...
Types of Maps <ul><li>Map Projections —means by which mapmakers create flat representations of the earth’s surface </li></ul>
Describe how different map parts help decode a map Latitude & Longitude Lines Compass Rose Scale Legend
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TX History Ch 1.2

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TX History Ch 1.2

  1. 1. Texas History Chapter 1.2: Using Maps
  2. 2. The Celina Bobcats have made the playoffs and are playing the Hondo Owls. The game will be played in Hondo, Texas. How will you make and plan your travel to Hondo?
  3. 3. Google Map showing location of Hondo, Texas
  4. 4. Why are we studying this? Maps are essential tools for geographers and many other professionals.
  5. 5. Map Grids <ul><li>Map —A graphic representation of a place or an area that illustrates the land, seas, and even space </li></ul>
  6. 6. Map Grids <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative Location —where a place is place is in relation to other places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Celina is 13 miles north of Frisco </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Map Grids <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute Location —the exact on earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Celina High School is on the corner of Preston Road and Pecan Street </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Map Grids <ul><li>Grid System —map has lines running north/south & east/west. There are numbers and letters placed on the grid </li></ul>
  9. 9. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude and Longitude are used to determine an exact spot on earth. Imaginary lines circling the globe are measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude —imaginary lines that run east-west around the globe and measure distance north and south of the equator </li></ul>Lines of Latitude
  11. 11. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Longitude —Imaginary lines that run north-south around the globe and measure distance east and west of the prime meridian </li></ul>Lines of Longitude
  12. 12. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Latitude & longitude are used to determine absolute location. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Equator —an imaginary line circling the globe exactly half way between the North and South Poles </li></ul>Red Line = Equator
  14. 14. Latitude & Longitude <ul><li>Prime Meridian —imaginary line that runs around the globe from the North Pole, through Greenwich, England, and the South Pole </li></ul>Yellow Line = Prime Meridian
  15. 15. Parts of a Map <ul><li>Compass Rose —Points to all four cardinal directions </li></ul>
  16. 16. Parts of a Map <ul><li>Scale —is the relationship between measurement on the map and the actual distance on the earth’s surface </li></ul>
  17. 17. Parts of a Map <ul><li>Legend —key; explains the symbols on the map </li></ul>
  18. 18. Types of Maps <ul><li>Reference Maps —maps used to find locations </li></ul>Political Map Physical Map
  19. 19. Types of Maps <ul><li>Thematic Map —shows a specific topic, theme, or spatial distribution of an activity </li></ul>Thematic map depicting Farming
  20. 20. Types of Maps <ul><li>Map Projections —means by which mapmakers create flat representations of the earth’s surface </li></ul>
  21. 21. Describe how different map parts help decode a map Latitude & Longitude Lines Compass Rose Scale Legend

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