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TX History Ch 11.1


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TX History Ch 11.1

  1. 1. Chapter 11: The Texas Revolution Section 1: The War Begins
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>What events caused a build up in tensions between Texans and the Mexican government? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>Santa Anna —president of Texas in the 1830s </li></ul><ul><li>Texans angry Santa Anna would not follow the Constitution of 1824 </li></ul>Antonio L ópez de Santa Anna
  4. 4. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>Mexican officials demand that U.S. settlers at Gonzales turn over a cannon </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to hand over cannon </li></ul>Gonzales Cannon
  5. 5. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>Bury the cannon in an orchard </li></ul><ul><li>Seek reinforcements </li></ul><ul><li>Removed a ferry crossing the Guadalupe River </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>“ Come and Take It” </li></ul><ul><li>October 2, 1835: Texans attack Mexican force </li></ul><ul><li>One Mexican killed, no Texans killed </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>Mexicans retreat to San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>General Mart ín Perfecto de Cos orders 300 more troops to Texas </li></ul>General Martín Perfecto de Cos
  8. 8. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>After Gonzales, the Texans attacked and defeated an army at Goliad </li></ul><ul><li>George Collinsworth and Ben Milam commanded a Texas force of about 50 settlers </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad <ul><li>Outnumbered, the Mexicans at Goliad surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Texas had cut off the Mexican army’s supply route </li></ul><ul><li>Rebel army sets sights on San Antonio </li></ul>
  10. 10. The March on San Antonio <ul><li>Volunteers at Gonzales begin to organize and attack on San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen F. Austin elected general </li></ul>
  11. 11. The March on San Antonio <ul><li>October 1835: Austin sets up camp outside of San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Received aid from Tejanos who had suffered after the arrival of Cos </li></ul>
  12. 12. The March on San Antonio <ul><li>Texas Army ill trained and equipped </li></ul><ul><li>Infantry —foot soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Cavalry —group of soldiers on horseback </li></ul>
  13. 13. The March on San Antonio <ul><li>90 men sent out to search for a good defensive position </li></ul><ul><li>Search Party attacked by a force of 400 Mexican soldiers </li></ul>Jim Bowie James Fannin Andrew Briscoe
  14. 14. Jim Bowie <ul><li>Born 1796 in Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Spent most of his life in Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Caught & rode wild horses, rode alligators, & trapped bears </li></ul>
  15. 15. Jim Bowie <ul><li>Signed up to fight in the War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged in illegal slave trading with Jean Lafitte </li></ul><ul><li>Had a fiery temper and got in many fights </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bowie Knife <ul><li>Designed by Jim’s brother, Rezin Bowie, Jeff Cleft created the first knife </li></ul><ul><li>Given to Jim for protection </li></ul><ul><li>Gained fame after the “Sandbar Fight” </li></ul>
  17. 17. The March on San Antonio <ul><li>Texans had a good defensive position </li></ul><ul><li>Texans possessed more accurate rifles </li></ul><ul><li>Texan troops won </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen F. Austin waits for reinforcements </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Grass Fight <ul><li>Austin & troops lay siege to San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Austin chosen as a commissioner to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Col. Edward Burleson takes command </li></ul>Col. Edward Burleson
  19. 19. The Grass Fight <ul><li>“ Deaf” Smith, a scout, reports of approaching Mexican soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors spreads that soldiers are carrying silver </li></ul>Erastus “Deaf” Smith
  20. 20. The Grass Fight <ul><li>Texas troops attack </li></ul><ul><li>Find out Mexicans are carrying straw </li></ul><ul><li>Realize siege is effective </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Capture of San Antonio <ul><li>Dec 4, 1835: Col Burleson orders a withdrawal from San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Captured Mexican officer says that the Mexican camp is weak and disorganized </li></ul><ul><li>“ Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?” </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Capture of San Antonio <ul><li>300 rebels under the command of Milam and Francis Johnson attack San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 5, 1835: Fighting begins </li></ul><ul><li>House-to-house fighting </li></ul>Ben Milam
  23. 23. The Capture of San Antonio <ul><li>Milam killed on third day of fighting </li></ul><ul><li>December 10: Cos surrenders </li></ul><ul><li>Cos allowed to lead his troops out of Texas </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Capture of San Antonio <ul><li>By December of 1835, Texans had driven nearly all the Mexican soldiers out of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Most Texans thought the conflict was over </li></ul>
  25. 25. “ First Battle of the Alamo” <ul><li>Cos used the Alamo as his headquarters </li></ul><ul><li>Made improvements to the Alamo </li></ul><ul><li>Surrendered at the Alamo </li></ul>