Shanty Town: Zen and Calvin

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Shanty Town: Zen and Calvin

  1. 1. Shanty Town Calvin and Zen 3Delanos.
  2. 2. Living Conditions . <ul><li>Impoverished people live in improvised dwellings made from scrap materials: often plywood, corrugated metal, and sheets of plastic. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually built on the periphery of cities, often do not have proper sanitation, electricity, or telephone services. </li></ul><ul><li>Shantytowns are mostly found in developing nations, or partially developed nations with an unequal distribution of wealth </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dangers <ul><li>Since construction is informal and unguided by urban planning, there is a near total absence of formal street grids, numbered streets, sanitation networks, electricity, or telephones. Even if these resources are present, they are likely to be disorganized, old or inferior . </li></ul><ul><li>Shanty towns has inevitably high rates of crime, suicide, drug use, and disease </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where are they usually located? <ul><li>Low HDI Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are they known as in other parts of the world ? <ul><li>Barrio (informal) </li></ul><ul><li>Colonia (border settlement) Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Dharavi (India) </li></ul><ul><li>Favela (Brazil) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghetto </li></ul><ul><li>Hooverville (USA 1930s) </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera (Kenya) </li></ul><ul><li>Orangi Town (Pakistan) </li></ul><ul><li>Refugee shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Skid row </li></ul><ul><li>Squatting </li></ul><ul><li>Tent city </li></ul><ul><li>Trailer park (USA) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban decay </li></ul>
  6. 6. How does Slums hinder development ? <ul><li>People living in slums falls ill easily causing an increasing in death rate. </li></ul><ul><li>People not earning money to support economy </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate is high </li></ul><ul><li>Bad sanitation causes diseases to be spread easily. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Slum Upgrading <ul><li>The main objective of slum upgrading is to improve the poor living standards of slum dwellers. Many slums lack such as availability of safe drinking water, sanitation, wastewater and solid waste management. Slums are characterized by unhealthy sanitary conditions, poor and unplanned housing, destitute families and low community cohesion save for lack of identity. </li></ul>

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